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Huawei V2 and V3 Server RAID Controller Card User Guide 36

This document describes the appearances and features of the redundant array of independent disks (RAID) controller cards, how to configure properties for the RAID controller cards, and how to install drivers. The RAID controller cards include the LSI SAS2208, LSI SAS2308, LSI SAS3008, LSI SAS3108, LSI SoftRAID, PM8060, and PM8068.
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
VD Mgmt Tab

VD Mgmt Tab

The VD Mgmt screen displays controller card information, such as drive groups and unconfigured hard drives, and enables controller card and virtual drive (VD) configurations.

Screen Overview

Figure 8-162 shows the VD Mgmt screen.

Figure 8-162 VD Mgmt screen

Table 8-43 and Table 8-44 describe the parameters in the left and right areas of the screen.

Table 8-43 Parameters in the left area

Parameter

Description

SAS3108 (Bus Oxxx, Dev Oxxx)

Hardware address.

Drive Group

Basic information of the configured drive group, including the drive group ID and the RAID level of each virtual drive.

Virtual Drives

Basic information of VDs, including the drive ID, name, and capacity.

NOTE:

Virtual drives in the same drive group must have the same RAID level.

Drives

Basic information of member drives, including hard drive IDs, status, and capacity.

Available size

Available space of a drive group and the space occupied by each VD.

Hot spare drives

Basic information of hot spare drives, including the IDs, types, and status of hot spare drives.

NOTE:

Select an item marked with + and press to expand the item. Select an item marked with - and press to fold the item.

Table 8-44 Parameters in the right area

Selected

Information Displayed

SAS 3108

Number of existing drive groups, VDs, and drives.

Drive Group

Number of configured VDs, number of drives, available capacity, number of remaining areas, and data protection status.

Specific virtual drive

Basic information of the specified virtual drive.

Specific drive

Drive status, vendor, and slot.

Procedure

  1. Select the managed object and press F2.
  2. Select an operation to be performed and press Enter.

SAS3108 Menu

Add or delete RAID configurations, import or clear foreign configurations, enable or disable data protection, and configure advanced functions.

Screen Overview

On the VD Mgmt screen, select SAS3108 and press F2.

The menu shown in Figure 8-163 is displayed.

Figure 8-163 SAS3108 operation menu

Table 8-45 describes the operation options on the menu.

Table 8-45 SAS3108 operations

Operation

Description

Create Virtual Drive

Creates a virtual drive.

Available only with unconfigured hard drives.

Clear Configuration

Clears the existing RAID configuration.

Available only with RAID configuration.

Foreign Config

Imports or clears foreign RAID configurations.

Available only with existing foreign configurations.

Manage Preserved Cache

Clears preserved cache.

Available only when preserved cache exists.

Drive Security

Status of hard drive encryption.

Create CacheCade Virtual Drive

Creates a CacheCade virtual drive.

NOTE:

This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

Disable Data Protection/Enable Protection

Enables or disables the data protection function.

Set this parameter to Enable for the hard drive that supports data protection.

Advanced Software Options

Configures advanced properties, for example, importing license information.

Manage SSD Caching

Manages SSD caching.

NOTE:

This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

Creating a RAID Array

See Creating RAID 0 to Creating RAID 60.

Deleting a RAID Configuration

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-163, choose Clear Configuration and press Enter.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select YES and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Managing Foreign Configurations

The Foreign Config option is available only when foreign configurations are detected.

  1. Open the operation menu.

    On the menu shown in Figure 8-163, choose Foreign Config and press Enter.

    The menu shown in Figure 8-164 is displayed.

    Figure 8-164 Foreign Config operation menu

  2. Import or delete a foreign configuration

    1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-164, choose Import or Clear and press Enter.

      A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

    2. Select YES and press Enter.

      The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Disabling Data Protection

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-163, choose Disable Data Protection and press Enter.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select YES and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Drive Group Menu

Once a drive group is created, you can add virtual drives, configure hot spare drives, and delete drive groups.

Screen Overview

On the VD Mgmt screen, select Drive Group and press F2.

The menu shown in Figure 8-165 is displayed.

Figure 8-165 Drive Group operation menu

Table 8-46 describes the operation options on the menu.

Table 8-46 Drive Group operations

Operation

Description

Add New VD

Creates a RAID array if the current drive group has free space.

Manage Ded. HS

Manages the dedicated hot spare drive of the current drive group.

Delete Drive Group

Deletes the current drive group.

Secure Drive Group

Encrypts the drive group.

Disable Protection

Disables the data protection function.

Break Mirror

Splits the mirror.

NOTE:

This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

Join Mirror

Recombines the mirror.

NOTE:

This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

Expand Size

Expands the virtual drive capacity.

Hide Drive Group

Hides a drive group.

NOTE:

This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

Unhide Drive Group

Shows a drive group.

NOTE:

This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

Creating a RAID Array

Virtual drives in the same drive group must have the same RAID level.

  1. Access the virtual drive management screen.

    On the menu shown in Figure 8-165, choose Add New VD and press Enter.

    The Create New VD screen is displayed.

    Figure 8-166 Create New VD screen

  2. Set the RAID capacity and name.

    1. Press to move the cursor to the Size field, and set the RAID capacity as required.

      The system uses the maximum RAID capacity by default.

    2. Press to move the cursor to the Name area and set the RAID name.

  3. Set advanced properties.

    1. Select Advanced by using , and press Enter.

      The screen for setting advanced RAID properties is displayed.

      Figure 8-167 Setting advanced properties

      Table 8-47 describes the parameters of advanced properties.

      Table 8-47 Parameters

      Item

      Description

      Strip Size

      Volume of hard drive data on each strip. Options include 64 KB, 128 KB, 256 KB, 512 KB, and 1 MB. The default value is 256 KB.

      The default size is used during RAID configuration.

      Read Policy

      Options for reading data on a virtual drive.

      • Normal: disables the Read Ahead function.
      • Ahead: enables the Read Ahead function. The controller card prefetches sequential data or data to be used and stores it in the cache.
      NOTE:

      To achieve optimal disk performance, set the policy to Ahead for HDDs and Normal for SSDs.

      Write Policy

      Options for writing data on a virtual drive. The write policy of virtual drives varies with the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 RAID controller card.

      • If the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 RAID controller card is 4.270.00-4382 or earlier, the following write policies are supported:
        • Write Back: Once all data in the cache is received, the controller card notifies the host that data transmission is complete.
        • Write Through: Once the drive subsystem receives all data, the controller card notifies the host that data transmission is complete.
        • Write Back with BBU: The controller card automatically switches to the Write Through mode when the controller card has no Battery Backup Unit (BBU), the BBU is on charge or discharge, the BBU is faulty, or the Pinned/Preserved cache reaches 50% of the physical cache. It is recommended that you set the write policy to this mode.
      • If the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 RAID controller card is 4.650.00-6121 or later, the following write policies are supported:
        • Write Back: The controller card automatically switches to the Write Through mode when the controller card has no Battery Backup Unit (BBU), the BBU is on charge or discharge, the BBU is faulty, or the Pinned/Preserved cache reaches 50% of the physical cache. It is recommended that you set the write policy to this mode.
        • Write Through: Once the drive subsystem receives all data, the controller card notifies the host that data transmission is complete.
        • Always Write Back: Once all data in the cache is received, the controller card notifies the host that data transmission is complete.
      NOTE:

      In Always Write Back mode, DDR write data of the controller card will be lost if the supercapacitor is not installed or being charged. This mode is not recommended.

      I/O Policy

      Options for data I/O of special virtual drives. This policy does not affect cache prefetch.

      • Direct:
        • Read scenarios: Data is directly read from hard drives. (If Read Policy is set to Ahead, data is read from the RAID cache.)
        • Write scenarios: Data is written to the RAID cache. (If Write Policy is set to Write Through, data is directly written into hard drives.)
      • Cached: Data is read from or written to the cache. Use this option only when configuring CacheCade 1.1.

      Disk cache Policy

      Cache policy for physical hard drives.

      • Enable: writes data to the cache before writing data to the hard drive. This option improves data write performance, but data may be lost due to power failure without a power failure protection mechanism.
      • Disable: writes data to a hard drive without caching. Data is not lost in the event of power failure.
      • Unchanged: uses the current cache policy.

      Emulation

      Sets the virtual sector size.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

      Initialize

      Performs initialization once the RAID array is created. The initialization will damage data stored on RAID member drives.

      [X] is displayed in front of the selected hard drive.

      Configure HotSpare

      Configures hot spare drives for a RAID array.

      [X] is displayed in front of the selected hard drive.

      This parameter is invalid for RAID 0 arrays.

      Disable BGI

      Disables the BGI function.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

    2. Set advanced RAID properties as required.
    3. Select OK and press Enter.

      The Create New VD screen is displayed.

  4. Select OK and press Enter.

    If Initialize is selected, a confirmation dialog box is displayed when the initialization is complete. Press Enter to return to the main screen.

Managing Dedicated Hot Spare Drives

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-165, choose Manage Ded. HS and press Enter.

    The Dedicated Hotspare for Drive Group screen is displayed.

    Figure 8-168 Dedicated hot spare drive

  2. Select a hot spare drive and press Enter.

    • [X] indicates a hot spare drive to be set.
    • [ ] indicates a hot spare drive to be removed.

  3. Select OK and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Deleting a Drive Group

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-165, choose Delete Drive Group and press Enter.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select YES and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Virtual Drive Menu

Once a virtual drive is created, you can initialize, delete, expand, format, or check the consistency of the virtual drive.

Screen Overview

On the VD Mgmt screen, select the virtual drive under Virtual Drive and press F2.

The menu shown in Figure 8-169 is displayed.

Figure 8-169 Virtual Drive operation menu

Table 8-48 describes the operation options on the menu.

Table 8-48 Drive Group operations

Operation

Description

Initialization

Options for virtual drive initialization:

  • Start FGI: starts foreground initialization (FGI).
  • Stop Init: stops initialization.
  • Fast Init: starts fast initialization.
  • Suspend BGI: suspends background initialization (BGI).
  • Resume BGI: resumes BGI.
  • Stop BGI: stops BGI.

Consistency Check

Options for consistency check:

  • Start
  • Suspend
  • Resume
  • Stop

Delete VD

Deletes the current virtual drive.

Properties

Displays properties of the current virtual drive.

Disable SSD Caching

-

Expand VD Size

Expands the capacity of the current virtual drive if the corresponding drive group has free space.

Erase VD

Options for safe data erasure:

  • Simple: wiped once.
  • Normal: wiped three times.
  • Thorough: wiped nine times.
  • Stop Erase: stops data erasure.

Hide VD

Hides a virtual drive.

The basic information about the virtual drive is displayed in the right pane, as shown in Figure 8-169. Table 8-49 describes the parameters.

Table 8-49 Virtual drive information

Parameter

Description

State

Current status of the virtual drive.

RAID Level

RAID level of the virtual drive.

CacheCade (Write)

Current CacheCade acceleration object (write or read).

CacheCade Capable

Specifies whether a RAID array is created for CacheCade.

Virtual Drives

Number of virtual drives of the drive group.

Drives

Number of physical drives of the drive group.

Free Cap.

Free capacity of the drive group.

Free Area

Specifies whether the disk group has free space.

  • 0: indicates that the drive group does not have free space.
  • 1: indicates that the drive group has free space.

Initializing a RAID Array

Initialization will cause data loss. Exercise caution when performing this operation.

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-169, choose Initialization and press Enter.

    The initialization menu is displayed.

  2. Select an initialization type and press Enter.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  3. Select YES and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Checking Consistency

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-169, choose Consistency Check and press Enter.

    The consistency check menu is displayed.

  2. Select a consistency check type and press Enter.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  3. Select YES and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Deleting a RAID Array

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-169, choose Delete VD and press Enter.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select YES and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Modifying RAID Properties

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-169, choose Properties and press Enter.

    The Properties screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 8-170.

    Figure 8-170 Properties screen

    Table 8-50 describes the parameters on the screen.

    Table 8-50 Properties parameters

    Parameter

    Description

    General

    Virtual drive basic information, including the virtual drive name, capacity, strip size, and status.

    You can change the virtual drive name.

    Operation

    Background operation that is being performed on a virtual drive. The displayed information includes the operation type, progress, and remaining time.

    SSD Caching Details

    Settings for the SSD caching function.

  2. Change the virtual drive name.
  3. Select Advanced and press Enter.

    The Advanced Properties screen is displayed.

    Figure 8-171 Advanced Properties screen

    Table 8-51 describes the parameters on the screen.

    Table 8-51 Advanced Properties parameters

    Parameter

    Description

    Read Policy

    Options for reading data on a virtual drive.

    • Normal: disables the Read Ahead function.
    • Ahead: enables the Read Ahead function. The controller card prefetches sequential data or data to be used and stores it in the cache.
    NOTE:

    To achieve optimal disk performance, set the policy to Ahead for HDDs and Normal for SSDs.

    Default Write

    Default write policy of a virtual drive.

    • If the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 RAID controller card is 4.270.00-4382 or earlier, the following write policies are supported:
      • Write Back: Once all data in the cache is received, the controller card notifies the host that data transmission is complete.
      • Write Through: Once the drive subsystem receives all data, the controller card notifies the host that data transmission is complete.
      • Write Back with BBU: The controller card automatically switches to the Write Through mode when the controller card has no Battery Backup Unit (BBU), the BBU is on charge or discharge, the BBU is faulty, or the Pinned/Preserved cache reaches 50% of the physical cache. It is recommended that you set the write policy to this mode.
    • If the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 RAID controller card is 4.650.00-6121 or later, the following write policies are supported:
      • Write Back: The controller card automatically switches to the Write Through mode when the controller card has no Battery Backup Unit (BBU), the BBU is on charge or discharge, the BBU is faulty, or the Pinned/Preserved cache reaches 50% of the physical cache. It is recommended that you set the write policy to this mode.
      • Write Through: Once the drive subsystem receives all data, the controller card notifies the host that data transmission is complete.
      • Always Write Back: Once all data in the cache is received, the controller card notifies the host that data transmission is complete.
    NOTE:

    In Always Write Back mode, DDR write data of the controller card will be lost if the supercapacitor is not installed or being charged. This mode is not recommended.

    Current Write

    Current write policy of a virtual drive.

    I/O Policy

    Options for data I/O of special virtual drives. This policy does not affect cache prefetch.

    • Direct:
      • Read scenarios: Data is directly read from hard drives. (If Read Policy is set to Ahead, data is read from the RAID cache.)
      • Write scenarios: Data is written to the RAID cache. (If Write Policy is set to Write Through, data is directly written into hard drives.)
    • Cached: Data is read from or written to the cache. Use this option only when configuring CacheCade 1.1.

    Disk cache Policy

    Cache policy for physical hard drives.

    Access Policy

    Virtual drive access policy.

    • RW: The virtual drive is readable and writable.
    • Write Cache: The virtual drive is read-only.
    • Blocked: The virtual drive is blocked from access.
    NOTE:

    This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

    Reason for difference in Write Policy

    -

    Emulation

    Emulation type.

    If the member drive is 512B/512B:

    • Default: The logical drive sector is 512B/512B.
    • None: The logical drive sector is 512B/512B.
    • Force: The logical drive sector is 512B/4KB.

    If the member drive is 512B/4KB:

    • Default: The logical drive sector is 512B/4KB.
    • None: The logical drive sector is 512B/512B.
    • Force: The logical drive sector is 512B/4KB.
    NOTE:

    This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

    Disable BGI

    Specifies whether to disable background initialization (BGI).

    NOTE:

    This parameter is supported only when the firmware version of the LSI SAS3108 is 4.660.00-8102 or later.

  4. After setting the parameters, select OK and press Enter.

    The Properties screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 8-170.

  5. Select OK and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Expanding RAID Array Capacity

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-169, choose Expand VD Size and press Enter.

    The Expand Virtual Drive screen is displayed.

    Figure 8-172 Expand Virtual Drive screen

  2. Set the expansion percentage.

    The expansion percentage is the percentage of the remaining capacity.

  3. Select Resize and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Safely Erasing RAID Data

  1. On the menu shown in Figure 8-169, choose Erase VD and press Enter.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select YES and press Enter.

    The VD Mgmt screen is displayed.

Drives Menu

On the Drives menu, you can manage member drives of a drive group, for example, rebuild data, copy back data, locate hard drives, and make hard drives offline.

Screen Overview

On the VD Mgmt screen, select the drive under the Drives node and press F2.

The menu shown in Figure 8-173 is displayed.

Figure 8-173 Drives operation menu

Table 8-52 describes the operation options on the menu.

Table 8-52 Drive Group operations

Operation

Description

Rebuild

Rebuilds a RAID.

  • Suspend
  • Resume
  • Stop

Copyback

Copies data from a hot spare drive to a newly installed hard drive.

A hot spare drive is used to rebuild data when an exception occurs, for example, RAID degrades. After data is rebuilt and the faulty RAID member drive is replaced with a new hard drive, the system copies data from the hot spare drive to the new hard drive. Then the hot spare drive is released and works as the hot spare drive.

Locate

Locates a hard drive using the indicators on the hard drive.

  • Start: makes the indicators on a hard drive blink.
  • Stop: stops the indicators on a hard drive from blinking.

Place Drive Online

Makes a hard drive online.

Place drive Offline

Makes a hard drive offline.

Rebuilding RAID Data

  1. On the menu, choose Rebuild and press Enter.

    The Rebuild menu is displayed.

  2. Select an operation type and press Enter.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  3. Select YES and press Enter.

Copying Back Data

  1. On the menu, choose Copyback and press Enter.

    The Copyback menu is displayed.

  2. Select an operation type and press Enter.

    The Copyback drive screen is displayed.

    Figure 8-174 Copyback drive screen

  3. Select the source drive for copyback and press Enter.

    [x] is displayed on the left of the selected drive.

  4. Select OK and press Enter.

Locating a Hard Drive

  1. On the menu, choose Locate and press Enter.

    The Locate menu is displayed.

  2. Select the operation and press Enter.

Making a Hard Drive Online or Offline

On the menu, choose Place Drive Online or Place drive Offline and press Enter.

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Updated: 2019-11-01

Document ID: EDOC1000004186

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