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Huawei Server Maintenance Manual 09

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
BIOS Operations on the RiverForest Platform

BIOS Operations on the RiverForest Platform

Accessing the BIOS

Scenarios

Access the BIOS Setup Utility interface when you need to set system boot parameters or query system information.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

No special condition is required for this operation.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Connect a local PC to the server, or open the Remote Control page on the iBMC web user interface (WebUI).

    NOTE:

    For details about how to log in to the iBMC WebUI, see the iBMC user guide.

  2. Power on the server. For details, see the user guide of the server you use.
  3. When the screen shown in Figure 4-203 is displayed, press the Delete key.

    Figure 4-203 BIOS startup screen

  4. Enter the password in the text box, as shown in Figure 4-204.

    NOTE:
    • The default BIOS password is Huawei12#$ for the American keyboard. If a non-American keyboard is used, enter the BIOS password as per the mechanical layout of an American keyboard. Set the administrator password immediately upon your first login. For details, see Setting the BIOS Password.
    • When entering the BIOS password on the remote virtual console:
      • If the keyboard type configured in the OS is the same as the actual keyboard type, enter the password by using the actual keyboard.
      • If the keyboard type configured in the OS is different from the actual keyboard type, enter the password as per the character layout of the keyboard settings of the OS.
    • For security purposes, change the administrator password periodically.
    • The user account will be locked if an incorrect password is entered three consecutive times. Restart the server to unlock it.
    Figure 4-204 Entering the password

  5. Set parameters as prompted on the BIOS Setup Utility screen.

Querying CPU Information

Scenarios

Query information about the CPUs configured for the server.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Select Advanced > Intel RC Group > Processor Configuration, and press Enter.

    The Processor Configuration screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-205.

    Figure 4-205 Processor Configuration screen

  2. Select Socket x CPU Information and press Enter.

    The Socket x CPU Information screen is displayed, showing details about the specified CPU. For details about the parameters on the screen, see Processor Configuration.

    NOTE:

    In Socket x CPU Information, x indicates the CPU serial number, which starts from 1.

    Figure 4-206 Socket x CPU Information

Querying Memory Information

Scenarios

Query information about the memory configured for the server.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Click the Main tab.

    The Main screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-207. You can see the memory speed, cache RAM, and total memory on this screen.

    Figure 4-207 Main screen

  2. Choose Advanced > Intel RC Group > Memory Configuration > Memory Topology, and press Enter.

    The Memory Topology screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-208. For details about the parameters on this screen, see Memory Configuration.

    Figure 4-208 Memory Topology screen
    NOTE:

    Socketx.Chy.Dimmz.2400MHz indicates DIMM z+1 connected to channel y+1 of CPU x+1.

    The DIMM slot information includes the following:

    • NOT PRESENT indicates that no DIMM is installed in the slot.
    • 32GB indicates the memory capacity of the DIMM.
    • 1333MHz indicates the memory frequency.
    • Hynix indicates the memory brand.
    • DRx4 indicates a dual-rank x4 DIMM.

Querying Hard Disk Information

Scenarios

Query detailed information about the hard disks configured for the server that is not configured with the RAID controller card.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Choose Advanced > PCH SATA Configuration, and press Enter.

    The PCH SATA Configuration screen is displayed as shown in Figure 4-209. For details about the parameters on the screen, see PCH SATA Configuration.

    Figure 4-209 PCH SATA Configuration screen

  2. Select Serial ATA Port x and press Enter.

    The Serial ATA Port x screen is displayed, showing information about a single hard disk.

    NOTE:

    In Serial ATA Port x, "x" indicates the hard disk port number, which starts from 0.

Querying the iBMC IP Address

Scenarios

Query information about the iBMC IP address of the server.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Choose Advanced > H2O IPMI Configuration, and press Enter.

    The H2O IPMI Configuration screen is displayed.

  2. Select BMC Configuration and press Enter.

    The BMC Configuration screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-210. You can obtain the iBMC IP address information on this screen.

    Figure 4-210 BMC Configuration screen

Setting the System Time and Date

Scenarios

Set the BIOS time and date.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Choose the Main tab, as shown in Figure 4-211.

    Figure 4-211 Main screen

  2. Set System Time.

    The system time is in the 24-hour format (hh:mm:ss).

    Press Enter to switch between time, minute, and second.

    Change the value using either of the following methods:
    • Press + to increase the value by 1 or - to decrease the value by 1.
    • Press a number key to change the value.

  3. Set System Date.

    The system date is in the month/day/year format.

    Press Enter to switch between the month, day, and year.

    Change the value using either of the following methods:
    • Press + to increase the value by 1 or - to decrease the value by 1.
    • Press a number key to change the value.

  4. Press F10.

    The system displays "Exit Saving changes?"

  5. Select Yes and press Enter.

    NOTE:

    The Windows OS uses the BIOS complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) time as its local time zone time, while the Linux OS uses the CMOS time as the GMT (time zone 0) time.

Setting the BIOS Password

Scenarios

Set the BIOS password.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Choose the Security tab.

    The Security screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-212.

    Figure 4-212 Security screen

  2. Select Set Supervisor Password and press Enter to set the administrator login password.

    Before changing the password, enter the current administrator password. If you enter an incorrect password for three consecutive times, the system will be locked. You can unlock the system by restarting the server.

    The password must meet the following requirements:

    • Contain at least 8 to 16 characters.
    • Contain special characters (including spaces) and at least two types of the following characters: uppercase letters, lowercase letters, and digits.
    • Cannot be the same as the previous five passwords.
    NOTE:
    • The default BIOS password is Huawei12#$ for an American English keyboard, Huqzei&é34 for a French keyboard, and Huawei12£$ for a British English keyboard.
    • When entering the BIOS password on the remote virtual console, if the physical keyboard type is the same as that set on the OS, enter the password using the physical keyboard. If the keyboard type set on the OS is different from the physical keyboard type, enter the password by using the on-screen keyboard.

  3. Press F10.

    The system displays "Exit Saving changes?"

  4. Select Yes and press Enter.

Setting PXE for a NIC

The Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) enables the server to boot over the network.

Scenarios

Configure the PXE function for a network interface card (NIC). The PXE enables the server to boot over the network.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Choose Advanced > H2O IPMI Configuration, and press Enter.

    The H2O IPMI Configuration screen is displayed.

  2. Select BMC Configuration and press Enter.

    The BMC Configuration screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-213.
    NOTE:

    Four network ports are displayed on the PXE screen. The default value is Enabled for PXE1 Configuration and Disabled for other network ports.

    Figure 4-213 BMC Configuration screen

  3. Select the network port to be configured and press Enter.
  4. In the displayed dialog box, select Enabled and press Enter.

    NOTE:

    To disable a network port, select Disabled and press Enter.

Setting the Fan Speed Adjustment Mode

Scenarios

Set the fan speed adjustment mode based on heat dissipation requirements.

If the server generates a little heat, set the fan speed adjustment mode to Low Fan Speed. This mode helps reduce power consumption.

If the server generates a lot of heat, set the mode to Enforce Fan Speed. This mode helps cool the server in a timely manner.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Choose Advanced > H2O IPMI Configuration, and press Enter.

    The H2O IPMI Configuration screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-214.

    Figure 4-214 H2O IPMI Configuration screen

  2. Select Set iBMC Thermal Policy and press Enter.
  3. Select Low Fan Speed or High Fan Speed, and press Enter.

    • Low Fan Speed: The fans run at low speed.
    • High Fan Speed: The fans run at high speed.

Setting the Server Boot Mode

Scenarios

Set the boot mode of the server.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Select Boot > Boot Type, and press Enter.

    Figure 4-215 shows the Boot screen.

    Figure 4-215 Boot screen

  2. In the dialog box displayed, select Legacy Boot Type or UEFI Boot Type, and press Enter.
  3. Select Boot Type Order and press Enter.

    The Boot Type Order screen is displayed.

    NOTE:

    The default boot sequence is Hard Disk Drive > DVD-ROM Drive > BEV > Others.

  4. Select the boot option and press F5 or F6 to adjust its order.

    • Press F5 to move a boot option down.
    • Press F6 to move a boot option up.
    NOTE:

    The server boots in the order specified on this screen.

  5. Press F10.

    The system displays "Exit Saving changes?"

  6. Select Yes and press Enter.

Setting the Boot Device

Scenarios

Set the boot device for the server.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

No data preparation is required for this operation.

Procedure
  1. Choose the Boot screen, as shown in Figure 4-216.

    Figure 4-216 Boot screen

  2. Select Legacy and press Enter.

    NOTE:

    If Boot Type is set to EFI Boot Type, select EFI.

    The Boot Device Priority screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-217.

    Figure 4-217 Boot Device Priority screen

  3. Set the boot device.

    • If the OS is to be installed on a common hard disk or a logical disk configured with RAID, do as follows:
      1. On the screen shown in Figure 4-217, select Hard Disk Drive and press Enter.
      2. Set the device where the OS is to be installed as the first boot device.

        If there are multiple RAID controller cards, choose Advanced > PCH SATA Configuration > Select Raid Oprom, and select Load 2308 Raid Oprom or Load 3108 Raid Oprom.

        Selecting Load 2308 Raid Oprom enables the server to boot from the hard disk under the LSI SAS2308. Selecting Load 3108 Raid Oprom enables the server to boot from the hard disk under LSI SAS3108.

    • If the OS is to be installed on a DVD-ROM drive, do as follows:
      1. On the screen shown in Figure 4-217, select DVD-ROM Drive and press Enter.
      2. Press F5 or F6 to move the corresponding CD-ROM drive to the first row of the list.
    • If OS is to be installed on a NIC, do as follows:
      1. On the screen shown in Figure 4-217, select BEV and press Enter.
      2. Press F5 or F6 to move the corresponding NIC to the first row of the list.
    • If the OS is to be installed on an SD card or USB device, do as follows:
      1. On the screen shown in Figure 4-217, select Others and press Enter.

        The screen for setting the boot sequence of other devices is displayed.

      2. Set the device where the OS is to be installed as the first boot device.
        • Press F5 or F6 to move the corresponding SD card to the first row of the list.
        • Press F5 or F6 to move the USB device to the first row of the list.

  4. Press F10.

    The system displays "Exit Saving changes?"

  5. Select Yes and press Enter.

Setting the iBMC User Password

Scenarios

Set the user password for logging in to the iBMC of the server.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

iBMC user password

Procedure
  1. Choose Advanced > H2O IPMI Configuration, and press Enter.

    The H2O IPMI Configuration screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-218.

    Figure 4-218 H2O IPMI Configuration screen

  2. Select Reset iBMC User Password and press Enter.

    The Reset iBMC User Password dialog box is displayed.

  3. Enter the iBMC user password and press Enter.

    The password must meet the following conditions:

    • Contain 8 to 16 characters.
    • Contain at least one space or one of the following special characters:

      `~!@#$%^&*()-_=+\|[{}];:'",<.>/?

    • Contain at least two types of the following characters:
      • Uppercase letters A to Z
      • Lowercase letters A to z
      • Digits 0 to 9

  4. Enter the password again and press Enter.

    The system displays "Changes have been saved".

  5. Press Enter.

    The user password is saved.

Setting iBMC Network Information

Scenarios

Set the network information of the server iBMC, including the mode for obtaining the iBMC IP address, IP address, subnet mask, and gateway.

Impacts on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the BIOS Setup Utility. For details, see Accessing the BIOS.

Data

You need to obtain the following data:

  • iBMC IP address
  • IBMC subnet mask
  • IBMC gateway
Procedure
  1. Choose Advanced > H2O IPMI Configuration, and press Enter.

    The H2O IPMI Configuration screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-219.

    Figure 4-219 H2O IPMI Configuration screen

  2. Select BMC Configuration and press Enter.

    The BMC Configuration screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-220.

    Figure 4-220 BMC Configuration screen

  3. Select iBMC&NCSI Select and press Enter.
  4. On the dialog box displayed, select Dedicated, Shared-LOM, or Auto, and press Enter.

    You can set the management network port or a service network port as the iBMC network port to communicate with the iBMC. The options are as follows:

    • Auto: The iBMC can be accessed through the management network port or service network port, depending on the network cable connection.
    • Shared-LOM: Use a service network on the LOM as the iBMC network port.
    • Dedicated: Use the dedicated management network as the iBMC network port.

  5. Choose IPv4 Configuration > IPv4 IP Source, and press Enter.
  6. In the dialog box displayed, select the mode for obtaining the iBMC IPv4 address.

    • To use a static IP address, go to 7.
    • To use a dynamic IP address, go to 14.

  7. Select Static and press Enter.
  8. Choose IPv4 Configuration > IPv4 IP Address, and press Enter.
  9. In the Set IPv4 IP Address dialog box displayed, enter the IP address and press Enter.
  10. Choose IPv4 Configuration > IPv4 Subnet Mask, and press Enter.
  11. In the Set IPv4 Subnet Mask dialog box displayed, enter the subnet mask of the iBMC IPv4 and press Enter.
  12. Choose IPv4 Configuration > IPv4 Gateway Address, and press Enter.
  13. In the Set IPv4 Gateway Address dialog box displayed, enter the iBMC gateway IPv4 address and press Enter.

    The iBMC network information is manually configured.

  14. Select DHCP and press Enter.

    The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server will dynamically assign IP address for the iBMC.

  15. Press F10.

    The system displays "Exit Saving changes?"

  16. Select Yes and press Enter.

Restoring Default BIOS Settings

Scenarios

Restore the default BIOS settings of the server. You can use either of the following methods to restore the default BIOS settings:

  • Restore the default settings on the BIOS screen.
  • Restore the default settings using the CLI.
Impacts on the System

This operation will restore the BIOS settings to default values. If BIOS parameters have been configured for a component or OS, this operation may cause malfunctioning of the component or OS.

Prerequisites

Conditions

The conditions vary depending on the method you use to restore the default BIOS settings:

  • Restoring default settings on the BIOS screen:

    You have logged in to the BIOS. For details, see section 2.1.

  • Restoring default settings using the CLI:
    • E9000 and G5500 servers:

      The local PC is connected to the management network port of the MM through a network cable.

    • Rack servers and high-density servers:

      The local PC is connected to the management network port on the server or server node through a network cable.

The following operations use a rack server as an example.

Data

The following data is required:

  • iBMC IP address of the server to be restored.
  • User name and password for logging in to the server iBMC.

Software

PuTTY, a free tool obtained from the Internet

Procedure
  • To restore BIOS default settings on the BIOS, do as follows:
    1. Choose the Exit tab.

      The Exit screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-221.

      Figure 4-221 Exit screen
    2. Select Load Optimal Defaults and press Enter.

      The system displays "Load Optimal Defaults?"

    3. Select Yes and press Enter.
    4. Press F10.

      The system displays "Exit Saving changes?"

    5. Select Yes and press Enter.
  • To restore default settings using the CLI, do as follows:
    1. Set an IP address and subnet mask for the PC to enable communication between the PC and the server.
    2. Double-click PuTTY.exe.

      The PuTTY Configuration window is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-222.

      Figure 4-222 PuTTY Configuration
    3. Set login parameters.

      Set the parameters as follows:

      • Host Name (or IP address): Enter the iBMC IP address of the server, for example, 192.168.1.102.
      • Port: Use the default port number 22.
      • Connection type: Use the default value SSH.
      • Close window on exit: Use the default value Only on clean exit.
      NOTE:

      Configure Host Name and Saved Sessions, and click Save. You can double-click the saved record in Saved Sessions to log in to the server next time.

    4. Click Open.

      The PuTTY window is displayed. The message "login as:" is displayed.

      NOTE:
      • If this is your first login to the server, the PuTTY Security Alert dialog box is displayed. Click Yes to proceed.
      • If an incorrect user name or password is entered, you must set up a new PuTTY session.
    5. Enter the user name and password as prompted.
    6. Run the following command to restore the default BIOS settings:

      ipmcset -d clearcmos

      The following information is displayed:

      WARING:The operation may have many adverse effects 
      Do you want to continue?[Y/N]:
    7. Enter y and press Enter.

      If the following information is displayed, the default BIOS settings are restored successfully:

      Clear CMOS successfully.
    8. Make the settings take effect.
      • If the server is in powered-off status, run the ipmcset -d powerstate -v 1 command to power on the server. The settings take effect after the server is powered on.
      • If the server is in powered-on status, run the ipmcset -d frucontrol -v 2 command to power cycle the server. The settings take effect after the server is powered off and then on.
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Updated: 2019-02-25

Document ID: EDOC1000041338

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