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X6800 Server Node iBMC (Earlier Than V250) User Guide 29

This document describes the underlying management software Intelligent Baseboard Management Controller (iBMC) of the servers.
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
System

System

Operation Logs

Function Description

The Operation Logs page allows you to view and download logs recorded during system operation, including information about system startup, status transition, and configuration performed by users on iBMC.

iBMC provides 200 KB capacity for storing up to 2000 operation log records.

When the operation log reaches 200 KB, it will be automatically compressed. When a new compressed package is generated, the old compressed package will be automatically deleted.

NOTE:
Operation logs that record successful power-on, power-off, and reset operations indicate that the iBMC has successfully triggered the operations, but do not necessarily mean that these operations were successfully executed on the hardware.
GUI

Choose System from the main menu, and select Operation Logs from the navigation tree.

The Operation Logs page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 2-56 Parameters on the Operation Logs page

Parameter

Description

ID

ID of an operation. The latest operation is listed first.

Time

Time when the operation was performed.

Interface

Interface over which the operation was performed.

User

User who performed the operation.

The user name is displayed as N/A in any of the following scenarios:
  • The User Identification (UID) button or power button is pressed.
  • The interface is SNMPv1 or SNMPv2c.
  • The interface is IPMI and the IP address is HOST or SMM. (The log records an IPMI message sent from the service system.)
  • The iBMC IP address and the password of the root user were changed by using a jumper.
  • A component was hot-swapped.

IP Address

IP address from which the operation was performed.

  • The value SMM indicates that the operation was triggered by the management module.
  • The value HOST indicates that the operation was triggered by the service system.
  • The value 127.0.0.1 indicates that the operation was triggered by the local host in one of the following scenarios:
    • The UID button or power button is pressed.
    • The interface is the LCD or local serial port.
    • The iBMC IP address and the password of the root user were changed by using a jumper.
    • A component was hot-swapped.

Details

Details about the operation.

If the iBMC restarts after an upgrade was performed using the iBMC WebUI or CLI or over IPMI, the operation is logged in the following format:
  • Interface: N/A
  • User: N/A
  • IP address: 127.0.0.1
  • Details: The iBMC was successfully reset due to an upgrade.
Note: If the values of User and IP address cannot be parsed, they are displayed as unknown.
Procedure

Viewing Operation Logs

  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Operation Logs.

    The Operation Logs page is displayed.

Downloading Operation Logs

  1. Click Download Logs.

    The Save As dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select a local directory for saving the downloaded operation log file.
  3. Click Save.

    The downloaded file is saved to the specified directory.

Run Logs

Function Description

The Run Logs page allows you to view the RAS logs.

iBMC provides 200 KB capacity for storing up to 2000 Run Log entries.

When the log reaches 200 KB, it will be automatically compressed. When a new compressed package is generated, the old compressed package will be automatically deleted.

GUI

Choose System from the main menu, and select Run Logs from the navigation tree.

The Run Logs page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 2-57 Parameters on the Run Logs page

Parameter

Description

Time

Time when the runtime error occurred.

Level

Severity of the alarm caused by the runtime error.

Details

Details about the runtime error.

Procedure
  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Run Logs.

    The Run Logs page is displayed.

  3. View all run logs.

Security Logs

Function Description

The Security Logs page allows you to perform the following:

  • View logs about iBMC login and logout over a serial port Secure Shell (SSH) and about setting operations.
  • View logs about query and set operations performed over SNMP.
  • Download security logs.

iBMC provides 200 KB capacity for storing up to 2000 security log entries.

When the log reaches 200 KB, it will be automatically compressed. When a new compressed package is generated, the old compressed package will be automatically deleted.

GUI

Choose System from the main menu, and select Security Logs from the navigation tree.

The Security Logs page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 2-58 Parameters on the Security Logs page

Parameter

Description

ID

Operation ID. The latest operation is listed first.

Time

Time when the operation was performed.

Interface

Interface over which the operation was performed.

Host

Host name of the iBMC.

Details

Details about the operation.

Procedure

Viewing Security Logs

  1. On the Security Logs page, view logs about iBMC login and logout.

Downloading Security Logs

  1. On the Security Logs page, click Download Security Logs.

    The Save As dialog box is displayed.

  2. Specify a directory for saving the downloaded file.
  3. Click Save.

    The downloaded file is saved to the specified directory.

Work Records

Function Description

The Work Records page allows you to add and view work records. The iBMC provides 200 KB capacity for storing up to 2000 Run Log entries.

NOTE:
  • A work record can contain a maximum of 255 characters. You can add a maximum of 20 work records. If the number of work records exceeds 20, new work records will overwrite the earliest ones.
  • Work records are visible to all users and editable by all users.
GUI

Choose System from the main menu, and select Work Records from the navigation tree.

The Work Records page is displayed.



Procedure

Adding a Work Record

  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Work Records.

    The Work Records page is displayed.

  3. Click Add Work Record, and add a work record in the displayed text box.
  4. Click Save.

Modifying a Work Record

  1. Click and modify the work record in the text box.
  2. Click Save.

Deleting a Work Record

  1. Click to delete the work record.

    The following information is displayed:

    Are you sure you want to delete the record?
  2. Click Yes.

Online Users

Function Description

The Online Users page allows you to perform the following operations:

  • View the users who have logged in to the iBMC.
  • Forcibly log out online users.

Only an administrator can forcibly log out users.

GUI

Choose System from the main menu, and select Online Users from the navigation tree.

The Online Users page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 2-59 Parameters on the Online Users page

Parameter

Description

User Name

Name of the user who has logged in to the iBMC or KVM.

Login Method

Mode for a user to log in.

The options are as follows:
  • GUI: A user has logged in to the iBMC over the WebUI.
  • CLI: A user has logged in to the iBMC over the command-line interface (CLI).
  • KVM: A user has logged in to the OS over the Remote Virtual Console.
  • Redfish: A user has logged in to the iBMC over the Redfish interface.

Login IP Address

IP address for connecting to and logging in to the iBMC.

Value: IP address or COM

NOTE:

The value COM indicates that the user logs in to the iBMC over the serial port.

Login Time

Time when the user logged in to iBMC.

Log Out

Forcibly logs out a user.

Procedure

Viewing Online Users

  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Online Users.

    The Online Users page is displayed.

  3. On the Online Users page, view information about all users who have logged in to the iBMC.

Logging Out a User

  1. On the Online Users page, click next to a user.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  2. Click OK.

    The user is forcibly logged out, and information about the user is no longer displayed on the Online Users page.

Upgrade Firmware

Function Description

The Upgrade Firmware page allows you to perform the following operations:

  • View firmware version information of the server.
  • Restart the iBMC.
  • Switch between the active and standby iBMC images.
  • Upgrade the server firmware.

The iBMC has two images deployed in active/standby mode. Upgrade the standby image and then the active image. After the standby image is upgraded, the iBMC restarts and automatically switches to the standby image file. If an automatic switchover is not performed, manually switch over services to the standby image.

  • Restart the iBMC before you upgrade the firmware (iBMC/CPLD/BIOS) on this page.
  • During the upgrade process, do not power off the server or restart the iBMC.

  • After upgrading the iBMC firmware, you need to restart the iBMC for the new version to take effect. However, you do not need to restart the server. Therefore, the services running on the server will not be affected.

  • If the mainboard BIOS and component CPLDs need to be upgraded, upgrade the CPLDs only after the BIOS upgrade takes effect. Otherwise, the BIOS upgrade will fail.
  • You do not need to restart the server after the LCD and PSU firmware is upgraded. However, you need to restart the server for the new versions to take effect after upgrading the following firmware:

    • BIOS firmware
    • Complex programmable logical device (CPLD) firmware of the mainboard
    • CPLD firmware of the hard disk backplane
    • CPLD firmware of the hot-swappable PCIe riser card

    Before upgrading the firmware, stop the services running on the server. This prevents service interruption when the server is restarted.

The iBMC Help describes only how to upgrade firmware on the iBMC WebUI. For details about how to obtain the firmware upgrade packages and reference documents and verify the upgrade, see the upgrade guide delivered with the server you use.

Figure 2-18 shows the firmware upgrade process.

Figure 2-18 Firmware upgrade process
Provides guidance for you to upgrade the iBMC firmware. Provides guidance for you to upgrade other firmware. Provides guidance for you to view firmware versions. Provides guidance for you to view system alarms.
GUI

Choose System from the main menu, and select Upgrade Firmware from the navigation tree.

The Upgrade Firmware page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 2-60 Parameters on the Firmware Upgrade page

Parameter

Description

Primary Partition Image Version

Version number of the iBMC firmware in the primary partition.

Backup Partition Image Version

Version number of the iBMC firmware in the backup partition.

BIOS Version

BIOS version number.

CPLD Version

CPLD firmware version.

Image Switchover

Switches between the iBMC images in the primary and backup partitions.

Restart iBMC

Restarts the iBMC for the upgrade to take effect.

Select Target Version

Directory where the target firmware upgrade package (*.hpm) is stored.

Procedure

Viewing Firmware Version Information

  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Upgrade Firmware.

    The Upgrade Firmware page is displayed.

  3. View the iBMC, BIOS, and CPLD version information.

Upgrading the iBMC Firmware

  1. On the Upgrade Firmware page, select the target upgrade package from Select Target Version.
  2. Click Upgrade.

    The following information is displayed:

    Are you sure you want to upgrade the system?
  3. Click Yes.

    The system starts to upload the upgrade package to the server. The upgrade package is successfully uploaded if the following information is displayed:

    File is successfully uploaded.

    Then iBMC starts to perform the upgrade.

    The upgrade is successful if the following information is displayed:

    The upgrade is complete.
  4. Repeat 1 to 3 to upgrade the originally active image of iBMC.

Upgrading Other Firmware

  1. On the Upgrade Firmware page, select the target upgrade package from Select Target Version.
  2. Click Upgrade.

    The following information is displayed:

    Are you sure you want to upgrade?
  3. Click Yes.

    The system starts to upload the upgrade package to the server. The upgrade package is successfully uploaded if the following information is displayed:

    File is successfully uploaded.

    Then iBMC starts to perform the upgrade.

    The upgrade is successful if the following information is displayed:

    The upgrade is complete.
  4. Determine whether to upgrade the LCD firmware.
    • If yes, no further action is required.
    • If no, go to 5.
  5. Determine whether to restart the server immediately.

    The server needs to be restarted for the new version of the firmware to take effect. Restarting the server will interrupt the services running on the server. Restart the server during off-peak hours unless an immediate restart is required.

    • If yes, go to 6.
    • If no, no further action is required.
  6. Restart the server.

    For details, see Forced Power Cycle.

Performing an Image Switchover for the iBMC Firmware

Perform an image switchover for the iBMC firmware only when necessary. The image switchover is optional during the upgrade.

  1. On the Upgrade Firmware page, click Image Switchover.
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Updated: 2019-02-28

Document ID: EDOC1000066341

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