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X6800 Server Node iBMC (Earlier Than V250) User Guide 29

This document describes the underlying management software Intelligent Baseboard Management Controller (iBMC) of the servers.
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
System

System

Operation Logs

Function Description

The Operation Logs page allows you to view and download logs recorded during system operation, including information about system startup, status transition, and configuration performed by users on iBMC.

iBMC provides 200 KB capacity for storing up to 2000 operation log records.

When the operation log reaches 200 KB, it will be automatically compressed. When a new compressed package is generated, the old compressed package will be automatically deleted.

NOTE:
Operation logs that record successful power-on, power-off, and reset operations indicate that the iBMC has successfully triggered the operations, but do not necessarily mean that these operations were successfully executed on the hardware.
Page Description

On the menu bar, choose System. In the navigation tree, choose Operation Logs. The Operation Logs page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 5-36 Parameters on the Operation Logs page

Parameter

Description

ID

Indicates the operation order. The operation ID increases in ascending order by operation time. A smaller ID indicates that an operation was performed earlier.

Time

Indicates the time when an operation was performed.

Interface

Indicates the interface over which an operation was performed.

User

Indicates the user who performed an operation.

The value of User is displayed as N/A (the user name is not displayed) in one of the following scenarios:
  • The User Identification (UID) button or power button is pressed.
  • The interface is SNMPv1 or SNMPv2c.
  • The interface is Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) and the IP address is HOST or SMM. (The log records an IPMI message sent from the service system.)
  • A jumper resets the iBMC IP address and the password of the root user.
  • A component is hot-swapped.

IP address

Indicates the IP address of the terminal used for performing an operation.

  • The value of IP address is displayed as SMM means the operation is triggered by the management module.
  • The value of IP address is displayed as HOST means the operation is triggered by the service system.
  • The value of IP address is displayed as 127.0.0.1 means the operation is triggered by the local host in one of the following scenarios:
    • The UID button or power button is pressed.
    • The interface is the LCD or local serial port.
    • A jumper resets the iBMC IP address and the password of the root user.
    • A component is hot-swapped.

Info

Provides details about an operation.

If iBMC restarts after an upgrade using the iBMC WebUI or CLI or over IPMI, an operation log is recorded in the following format:
  • Interface: N/A
  • User: N/A
  • IP address: 127.0.0.1
  • Details: Reset iBMC caused by upgrade successfully
Note: If the values of User and IP address cannot be parsed, they are displayed as unknown.
Procedure

Viewing Operation Logs

  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Operation Logs.

    The Operation Logs page is displayed.

Download Operation Logs

  1. Click Download Operation Logs.

    The Save dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select a local directory for saving the downloaded operation log file.
  3. Click Save.

    The downloaded file is saved to the specified directory on the local PC.

Run Logs

Function Description

The Run Logs page allows you to view the RAS logs.

iBMC provides 200 KB capacity for storing up to 2000 Run Log entries.

When the log reaches 200 KB, it will be automatically compressed. When a new compressed package is generated, the old compressed package will be automatically deleted.

Page Description

On the menu bar, choose System. In the navigation tree, choose Run Logs. The Run Logs page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 5-37 Parameters on the Run Logs page

Parameter

Description

Time

Indicates the time when a runtime error occurred.

Level

Indicates the severity of the alarm caused by a runtime error.

Info

Provides details about a runtime error.

Procedure
  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Run Logs.

    The Run Logs page is displayed.

  3. View all run logs.

Security Logs

Function Description
The Security Logs page allows you to perform the following:
  • View logs about iBMC login and logout over a serial port, Secure Shell (SSH), Telnet, or FTP and about setting operations.
  • View logs about query and set operations performed over SNMP.
  • Download security logs.

iBMC provides 200 KB capacity for storing up to 2000 security log entries.

When the log reaches 200 KB, it will be automatically compressed. When a new compressed package is generated, the old compressed package will be automatically deleted.

Page Description

On the menu bar, choose System. In the navigation tree, choose Security Logs. The Security Logs page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 5-38 Parameters on the Security Logs page

Parameter

Description

ID

Indicates the operation order. A smaller ID indicates that an operation was performed earlier.

Time

Indicates the time when an operation was performed.

Interface

Indicates the interface over which an operation was performed.

Host

Indicates the host name of iBMC.

Info

Provides details about an operation.

Note: It is recommended that the name of the file to be uploaded over FTP contain only English characters. Otherwise, the file name is displayed as garbled characters after the file is uploaded. The security log that records the upload operation contains empty information.
Procedure

Viewing Security Logs

  1. On the Security Logs page, view logs about iBMC login and logout.

Downloading Security Logs

  1. On the Security Logs page, click Download Security Logs.

    The Save dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select a local directory for saving the downloaded file.
  3. Click Save.

    The downloaded file is saved to the specified directory on the local PC. You can open the file and view security logs.

Work Records

Function Description

The Work Records page allows you to add and view working records.

NOTE:
  • A working record can contain a maximum of 255 characters. You can add a maximum of 20 working records. If the number of working records exceeds 20, new working records will replace the earliest ones.
  • Working records are visible to all users and revisable.
Page Description

On the menu bar, choose System. In the navigation tree, choose Work Records. The Work Records page is displayed.



Procedure

Adding a Work Record

  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Work Records.

    The Work Records page is displayed.

  3. Click Add Work Record, and add a working record in the displayed text box.
  4. Click Save.

Modifying a Working Record

  1. Click and modify the working record in the text box.
  2. Click Save.

Deleting a Working Record

  1. Click to delete the working record.

    The following message is displayed in a dialog box:

    Confirm delete record?
  2. Click OK.

Online User

Function Description

The Online User page allows you to view the users who have logged in to iBMC and log out these users. Only a user in the administrator group has permission to log out other users.

Page Description

On the menu bar, choose System. In the navigation tree, choose Online User. The Online User page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 5-39 Parameters on the Online User page

Parameter

Description

User Name

Identifies the user who has logged in to iBMC or used KVM.

Login Method

Indicates the mode for a user to log in.

The options are as follows:
  • GUI: indicates that a user logs in to iBMC over the WebUI.
  • CLI: indicates that a user logs in to iBMC over the command-line interface (CLI).
  • KVM: indicates that a user logs in to operating system (OS) over the Remote Virtual Console.

Login IP

Indicates the IP address for connecting to and logging in to iBMC.

Value: IP address or COM

NOTE:

The value COM indicates that a user logs in to iBMC over the serial port.

Login Time

Indicates the time when a user logged in to iBMC.

Logout

Forcibly logs out other users.

Procedure

Viewing Login Users

  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Online User.

    The Online User page is displayed.

  3. On the Online User page, view information about all users who have logged in to iBMC.

Logging Out a User

  1. On the Online User page, click next to a user.

    A confirmation dialog box is displayed.

  2. Click OK.

    The user is forcibly logged out, and information about the user is no longer displayed on the Online User page.

Firmware Upgrade

Function Description

The Firmware Upgrade page allows you to view version information, restart iBMC, perform an image switchover, and upgrade firmware.

iBMC has two images working in active/standby mode. The two images must be upgraded individually. The active image is in use when you are accessing the iBMC UI. The standby image is upgraded first. After the standby image is upgraded, iBMC restarts, logs out all online users, and automatically switches to the standby image file. If the system does not perform an image file switchover automatically, you can manually switch to the standby image file.

  • Restart the iBMC before you upgrade the firmware (iBMC/CPLD/BIOS) on this page.
  • iBMC Help describes only how to upgrade firmware on the iBMC UI. For details about how to obtain the firmware upgrade packages and reference documents and verify the upgrade, see the server upgrade guide.

  • Do not power off or restart iBMC during the upgrade.

  • After upgrading the iBMC firmware, you need to restart iBMC for the new version to take effect. However, you do not need to restart the server. Therefore, the services running on the server will not be affected.

  • If the mainboard BIOS and component CPLDs need to be upgraded, upgrade the CPLDs only after the BIOS upgrade takes effect. Otherwise, the BIOS upgrade will fail.
  • You do not need to restart the server after the LCD and PSU firmware is upgraded. However, you need to restart the server for the new versions to take effect after upgrading the following firmware:

    • BIOS firmware
    • Complex programmable logical device (CPLD) firmware of the mainboard
    • CPLD firmware of the hard disk backplane
    • CPLD firmware of the hot-swappable PCIe riser card

    Before upgrading the firmware, stop the services running on the server. This prevents service interruption during server restart.

Figure 5-12 shows the firmware upgrade process.

Figure 5-12 Firmware upgrade process
Provides guidance for you to upgrade the iBMC firmware. Provides guidance for you to upgrade other firmware. Provides guidance for you to view firmware versions. Provides guidance for you to view system alarms.
Page Description

On the menu bar, choose System. In the navigation tree, choose Firmware Upgrade. The Firmware Upgrade page is displayed.



Parameter Description
Table 5-40 Parameters on the Firmware Upgrade page

Parameter

Description

Primary Partition Image Version

Indicates the version number of the primary partition image of the iBMC firmware.

Backup Partition Image Version

Indicates the version number of the backup partition image of the iBMC firmware.

BIOS Version

Indicates the BIOS version number.

CPLD Version

Indicates the CPLD firmware version.

Image Switchover

Switches from the primary partition image file of the iBMC firmware to the backup partition image file. Perform this operation when the system fails to perform an image switchover automatically.

Setting method:

Click Image Switchover.

Restart iBMC

Restarts iBMC for the upgrade to take effect.

Setting method: Click Restart iBMC.

Select Target Version

Selects the local directory where the firmware upgrade package is stored. The firmware upgrade package to be uploaded must be an *.hpm file.

Setting method:
  1. Click Browse.

    The Upload File dialog box is displayed.

  2. Select the local directory where the firmware upgrade package is stored.
  3. Click Open.
    NOTE:
    If the size of the file to be uploaded exceeds 100 MB, a message indicating a page request failure is displayed. You can refresh the page to resolve this issue.
    The Firmware Upgrade page is displayed.

Select iBMC Boot Mode Used After the iBMC Firmware of the Target Version Is Uploaded

Specifies the iBMC startup mode used after the upgrade. Set this parameter only for the upgrades of the iBMC firmware.

Immediately restart automatically: indicates that iBMC automatically restarts upon the upgrade completion.

Setting method: Select the check box.

Procedure

Viewing Firmware Versions

  1. On the menu bar, choose System.
  2. In the navigation tree, choose Firmware Upgrade.

    The Firmware Upgrade page is displayed.

  3. View the iBMC, BIOS, and CPLD versions.

Upgrading the iBMC Firmware

  1. On the Firmware Upgrade page, set Select Target Version to the local directory where the firmware upgrade package is stored. For details about the setting method, see Table 5-40.
  2. Select the iBMC startup mode used after the upgrade.
    • To enable iBMC to automatically restart, select the Immediately restart automatically check box.
    • To manually restart iBMC, deselect the Immediately restart automatically check box.
  3. Click Start Update.

    The following message is displayed in a dialog box:

    Are you sure you want to upgrade the system?
  4. Click Yes.

    The system starts to upload the upgrade package to the server. If the following message is displayed, the upgrade package is successfully uploaded:

    File is successfully uploaded.

    Then iBMC starts to perform the upgrade.

    If the following message is displayed on the Firmware Upgrade page, the upgrade is successful:

    The upgrade is complete.
  5. Perform the following operations based on the restart mode specified in 2.

    Option

    Operation

    If you select Immediately restart automatically

    iBMC automatically restarts upon the upgrade completion. Log in to the iBMC UI again.

    If you do not select Immediately restart automatically

    1. Restart iBMC.

      1. On the Firmware Upgrade page, click Restart iBMC.

        The following message is displayed in a dialog box:

        Are you sure you want to restart the iBMC?

      2. Click OK.
    2. Log in to the iBMC WebUI again.

      If the login is successful, the upgrade is successful.

  6. Repeat 1 to 5 to upgrade the originally active image of iBMC.

Upgrading Other Firmware

  1. On the Firmware Upgrade page, set Select Target Version to the local directory where the firmware upgrade package is stored. For details about the setting method, see Table 5-40.
  2. Click Start Update.

    The following message is displayed in a dialog box:

    Are you sure you want to upgrade?
  3. Click OK.

    The system starts to upload the upgrade package to the server. If the following message is displayed, the upgrade package is successfully uploaded:

    File is successfully uploaded.

    Then iBMC starts to perform the upgrade. Wait for a while. After the preparations, the system starts to perform the upgrade.

    If the following message is displayed on the Firmware Upgrade page, the upgrade is successful:

    The upgrade is complete.
  4. Determine whether to upgrade the LCD firmware.
    • If yes, no further action is required.
    • If no, go to 5.
  5. Restarting the server will interrupt the services running on the server. You are advised to restart the server during off-peak hours unless an immediate restart is required. You need to restart the server for the firmware of the new version to take effect.

    Determine whether to restart the server immediately.

    • If yes, go to 6.
    • If no, no further action is required.
  6. Restart the server.

    For details, see Powering Off and Then On the Server.

Performing an Image Switchover for the iBMC Firmware

Perform an image switchover for the iBMC firmware only when necessary. The image switchover is optional during the upgrade.

  1. On the Firmware Upgrade page, click Image Switchover.

    The originally backup partition image file of the iBMC firmware is in use.

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Updated: 2019-02-28

Document ID: EDOC1000066341

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