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FusionServer Pro X6800 Server iBMC (Earlier Than V250) User Guide 31

This document describes the underlying management software Intelligent Baseboard Management Controller (iBMC) of the servers.
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Accessing the CLI

Accessing the CLI

This topic describes how to access the CLI.

The iBMC system generates the following system users for some services in addition to the default user root and manually added users:

  • ftp: used when the system is starting the FTP service and running the FTP server.
  • sshd: used when the system is running the Secure Shell (SSH) service.
  • nobody: used when the system is running the vsftpd service.
  • telnetd: used when the system is running the Telnet service.
  • apache: used when the system is running the httpd service.
  • snmpd_user: used when the system is running the snmpd_user service.
  • ipmi_user: used when the system is running the ipmi_user service.
  • kvm_user: used when the system is running the kvm_user service.
NOTE:
  • These users cannot log in to the iBMC and have no impact on the system.
  • These user roles are used for system management and not presented to end users.

Changing the Password of the Default User in the BIOS

  • The default BIOS password is Huawei12#$.
  • In the BIOS, you can change only the password of the default iBMC user. The default user name of iBMC is root, and the default password is on the product nameplate.

  • The password of the default iBMC user specified in the BIOS can contain a maximum of 16 characters.

  • To ensure system security, change the initial password after the first login, and then change your password periodically.
  • If Set enable/disable status of user management on OS is disabled on the page displayed after you choose Config > System Settings in the iBMC Web UI and the value of BMC User Name is displayed as NA on the Server Mgmt screen of the BIOS, you cannot change the password of the default iBMC user in the BIOS.
Operations for Grantley platform
The BIOS screen varies according to the server model. The BIOS based on the Grantley platform is selected as an example in the following steps.
  1. Restart the server.
  2. During startup, when the following screen is displayed, press Delete repeatedly. The BIOS startup screen is displayed.

    Figure 5-19 BIOS startup screen

  3. Enter the BIOS password as prompted. For details about the default password, see the nameplate of a product, as shown in Figure 5-20.

    NOTE:
    The default BIOS password: Huawei12#$
    Figure 5-20 Entering a password

  4. Enter BIOS.

    The basic input/output system (BIOS) screen is displayed, as shown in Figure 5-21.

    Figure 5-21 BIOS Main screen

  5. Select the Advanced screen using arrow keys, as shown in Figure 5-22.

    Figure 5-22 Advanced screen

  6. On the Advanced screen, select IPMI iBMC Configuration using arrow keys and press Enter, as shown in Figure 5-23.

    Figure 5-23 IPMI iBMC Configuration screen

  7. On the IPMI iBMC Configuration screen, select iBMC Configuration using arrow keys and press Enter, as shown in Figure 5-24.

    Figure 5-24 iBMC Configuration screen

    The server IP address is displayed on this screen.

  8. Select Reset iBMC User Password and press Enter.

    The Reset iBMC User Password dialog box is displayed.

  9. Input the password of iBMC and press Enter.

    The password must meet the following requirements:

    • Must contain eight to sixteen characters.
    • Must contain at least one space or one of the following special characters:

      `~!@#$%^&*()-_=+\|[{}];:'",<.>/?

    • Must contain at least two types of the following characters:
      • Uppercase letters: A to Z
      • Lowercase letters: a to z
      • Digits: 0 to 9
    • Must not be the same as the user name or the user name in reverse order.

  10. Repeat the password and press Enter.

    The Changes have been saved dialog box is displayed.

  11. Press Enter.

    Saved the configuration.

Checking the IP Address of the Management Network Interface

Methods

To check the IP address of the management network interface, you can choose each of the following methods:

  • Default IP addresses
  • Querying and setting the IP address of the management network interface in the BIOS.

  • Querying and setting the IP address of the management network interface using the CLI of the management software after logging in to iBMC over the serial port.
Default IP Addresses

Table 5-47 lists the default IP addresses of the iBMC management network port.

Table 5-47 Default IP addresses

Product Type

Server Node Type

Slot No.

IP Address

X6800 server

  • XH622 V3
  • XH628 V3

1

10.10.1.101

3

10.10.1.103

5

10.10.1.105

7

10.10.1.107

XH620 V3

1

10.10.1.101

2

10.10.1.102

3

10.10.1.103

4

10.10.1.104

5

10.10.1.105

6

10.10.1.106

7

10.10.1.107

8

10.10.1.108

Accessing the CLI of the Management Software

This topic describes how to access the CLI of the management software.

Prerequisites

You should follow the information before logged into the CLI.

  • If accessing the CLI over SSH or Telnet, up to five concurrent users are supported.
  • To open the CLI over the network port, you must connect the network interface of the configuration terminal to the network interface of the server by using a network cable, and ensure that the IP addresses of the two network interfaces are on the same network segment.

  • To open the CLI over the serial port, you must connect the serial port of the configuration terminal to the serial port of the server by using a serial cable.

Login Modes
  • SSH

  • Telnet

  • Local serial port

NOTE:
  • The default user name of iBMC is root, and the default password is on the product nameplate.
  • The system locks a user if the user fails to enter a correct password for consecutive five times. The user is automatically unlocked five minutes later, and the administrator user can unlock the user in command line.
  • To ensure system security, change the initial password after the first login, and then change your password periodically.
  • The default CLI timeout period is 15 minutes.
Logging In Over SSH

The SSH protocol is used to provide the secure remote login and other network services on an insecure network.

NOTE:
Encryption algorithms supported by SSH are AES128-CTR, AES192-CTR, and AES256-CTR . Use a supported encryption algorithm when logging in to iBMC through SSH.

To open the CLI over the SSH protocol in different OSs, perform the following operations:

  • In the Linux OS

    1. Connect the network interface of the configuration terminal to the management interface of the server.
    2. Run the ssh ipaddress command in the shell to log in directly.
  • In the Windows OS

    1. Download and install the client communications tool that supports the SSH protocol.
    2. Connect the network interface of the configuration terminal to the management interface of the server.
    3. Log in by using the user name, password, and IP address of the management network interface.
Logging In over Telnet

To log in to iBMC over Telnet is insecure. By default, iBMC does not support Telnet login. If you need to log in to iBMC over Telnet, enable the Telnet service on the web user interface (WebUI) of iBMC.

To open the CLI over the Telnet protocol in different OSs, perform the following operations:

  • In the Linux OS

    1. Connect the network interface of the configuration terminal to the management interface of the server.
    2. Run the telnet ipaddress command in the shell to log in directly.
  • In the Windows OS

    1. Connect the network interface of the configuration terminal to the management interface of the server.
    2. Run the telnet ipaddress command in the terminal tool to log in directly.
Logging In over the Serial Port
  1. Connect the serial cable.
  2. Access the CLI using HyperTerminal and set the following parameters:

    • Baud rate: 115200

    • Data bits: 8

    • Parity check: none

    • Stop bit: 1

    • Flow control: none

    For details on how to set the parameters, see Figure 5-25.

    Figure 5-25 HyperTerminal properties

  3. After the call succeeds, enter the user name and password.
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Updated: 2019-08-01

Document ID: EDOC1000066341

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