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Configuration Guide - Basic Configuration

S7700 and S9700 V200R010C00

This document describes methods to use command line interface and to log in to the device, file operations, and system startup configurations.
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Basic Configuration on the Device at First Login

Basic Configuration on the Device at First Login

Context

This section describes how to configure the time and date, device name, management IP address, and the user level and authentication mode for Telnet users at first login .

Procedure

  1. Set the time and date on the device.
    1. Run:

      system-view

      The system view is displayed.

    2. Run:

      clock timezone time-zone-name { add | minus } offset

      The time zone is set.

      By default, the system uses the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) time zone.

      • add: adds the specified time zone offset to the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). That is, the sum of the default UTC time zone and offset equals the time zone specified by time-zone-name.

      • minus: subtracts the specified time zone offset from the UTC. That is, the remainder obtained by subtracting offset from the default UTC time zone equals the time zone specified by time-zone-name.

    3. Run:

      quit

      Quit the system view.

    4. Run:

      clock datetime HH:MM:SS YYYY-MM-DD

      The current time and date are set.

      If the time zone is not set, the time set using this command is considered as the UTC time. Before setting the current time, you are advised to confirm the current zone and set the correct time zone offset.

    5. Run:

      system-view

      The system view is displayed.

    6. Run:

      clock daylight-saving-time time-zone-name one-year start-time start-date end-time end-date offset

      Or

      clock daylight-saving-time time-zone-name repeating start-time { { first | second | third | fourth | last } weekday month | start-date1 } end-time { { first | second | third | fourth | last } weekday month | end-date1 } offset [ start-year [ end-year ] ]

      Daylight saving time (DST) is set.

      By default, DST is not configured.

      If you configure periodic DST, the combination of the DST start time and end time can be any of the following: date+date, day of the week+day of the week, date+day of the week, and day of the week+date. For the configuration method, see clock daylight-saving-time.

      When DST is used, you can run the clock timezone time-zone-name { add | minus } offset command to set the time zone. The time zone in the output of the display clock command is, however, the name of the DST time zone. When DST ends, the system displays the original time zone.

  2. Set the device name and management IP address.
    1. Run:

      sysname host-name

      The device name is set.

      By default, the device name is HUAWEI.

      When the network management tool needs to obtain the network element (NE) name of a device, you can run the sys-netid command to set an NE name for the device.

    2. Run:

      interface interface-type interface-number

      The interface view is displayed.

      In addition to the management interface on the device, you can also assign the management IP address to a Layer 3 interface such as a VLANIF interface on the device.

    3. Run:

      ip address ip-address { mask | mask-length }

      The management IP address is assigned.

      The management IP address is used to maintain and manage the device. Configure the IP address and routes based on the network plan to ensure that the routes between the terminal and device are reachable.

    4. Run:

      quit

      Return to the system view.

  3. Set the user level and authentication mode for Telnet users.
    1. Run:

      telnet [ ipv6 ] server enable

      The Telnet server is enabled.

      By default, the Telnet server is disabled.

    2. Run:

      user-interface vty first-ui-number [ last-ui-number ]

      The VTY user interface view is displayed.

    3. Run:

      protocol inbound { all | telnet }

      The VTY user interface is configured to support the Telnet protocol.

      By default, a VTY user interface supports the SSH protocol.

    4. Run:

      user privilege level level

      The Telnet user level is set.

      By default, users who log in through the VTY user interface can access commands at level 0.

    5. Run:

      authentication-mode aaa

      The authentication mode for Telnet users is set to AAA authentication.

      By default, no authentication mode is configured for the VTY user interface. An authentication mode must be configured for the VTY user interface; otherwise, users cannot log in to the device.
      NOTE:

      The system provides three authentication modes: AAA authentication, password authentication, and non-authentication. AAA authentication requires both the user name and password, and is therefore more secure than password authentication. Non-authentication mode is not recommended because it cannot ensure system security. This section describes how to configure AAA authentication. For details on configuring other authentication modes, see Configuring an Authentication Mode for a VTY User Interface.

    6. Run:

      aaa

      The AAA view is displayed.

    7. Run:

      local-user user-name password irreversible-cipher password

      The user name and password for Telnet—based login are configured.

      The value of password can be a plain-text string of 8 to 128 characters or a cipher-text string of 68 characters.

      A simple password may cause a potential security risk. To enhance the security strength, a plain-text password must contain at least two of the following: uppercase letters, lowercase letters, digits, and special characters excluding spaces and question marks (?). In addition, the password cannot be the same as the user name or the mirror user name.

    8. Run:

      local-user user-name service-type telnet

      The login mode is set to Telnet.

  4. Save the configuration.

    After basic configuration is complete, you are advised to save the configuration. If the configuration is lost, the connection and configuration for the first login must be performed again.

    1. Run:

      return

      Return to the user view.

    2. Run:

      save

      The configuration is saved.

      The current configuration has been saved in the configuration file. For details, see Saving the Configuration File.

Checking the Configuration

  • Run the display clock command to check the current date and clock setting.
  • Run the display ip interface brief [ interface-type [ interface-number ] ] command to check brief information about the IP address on the interface.
  • Run the display user-interface [ ui-type ui-number1 | ui-number ] [ summary ] command to check the physical attributes and configuration of the user interface.
  • Run the display local-user command to check the local user list.
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Updated: 2019-04-18

Document ID: EDOC1000141895

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