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S12700 V200R010C00 Configuration Guide - Ethernet Switching

This document describes the configuration of Ethernet services, including configuring link aggregation, VLANs, Voice VLAN, VLAN mapping, QinQ, GVRP, MAC table, STP/RSTP/MSTP, SEP, and so on.
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Link Aggregation in CSS Scenarios

Link Aggregation in CSS Scenarios

Concepts

  • CSS

    A CSS is a logical device formed by connecting multiple devices through CSS cables. In Figure 3-11, DeviceB and DeviceC are connected in a CSS.

  • Inter-chassis Eth-Trunk

    Different physical device interfaces in a CSS aggregate to form a logical Eth-Trunk interface. When a device in the CSS or a physical device interface in the Eth-Trunk fails, traffic can be transmitted between devices through CSS cables. The inter-chassis Eth-Trunk ensures reliable transmission and implements device backup.

  • Preferential forwarding of local traffic

    As shown in Figure 3-11 (b), traffic from DeviceB or DeviceC is only forwarded through local member interfaces. In Figure 3-11 (a), traffic is forwarded across devices through CSS cables.

    Figure 3-11  Inter-chassis Eth-Trunk

Preferential Forwarding of Local Traffic by an Inter-Chassis Eth-Trunk

In a CSS, an Eth-Trunk is configured to be the outbound interface of traffic to ensure reliable transmission. Member interfaces of the Eth-Trunk are located on different devices. When the CSS forwards traffic, the Eth-Trunk may select an inter-chassis member interface based on the hash algorithm. This forwarding mode occupies bandwidth resources between devices and reduces traffic forwarding efficiency.

In Figure 3-11, DeviceB and DeviceC form a CSS, and the CSS connects to DeviceA through an Eth-Trunk. After the Eth-Trunk in the CSS is configured to preferentially forward local traffic, the following features are realized:

  • Forwarding received traffic by the local device

    If DeviceB has member interfaces of the Eth-Trunk and these interfaces are properly functioning, the Eth-Trunk forwarding table of DeviceB contains only local member interfaces. Therefore, the hash algorithm selects a local member interface, and traffic is only forwarded through DeviceB.

  • Forwarding received traffic by another device

    If DeviceB does not have any member interfaces of the Eth-Trunk or all member interfaces are faulty, the Eth-Trunk forwarding table of DeviceB contains all available member interfaces. Therefore, the hash algorithm selects a member interface on DeviceC, and traffic is forwarded through DeviceC.

NOTE:
  • This function is only valid for known unicast packets, and does not work with unknown unicast packets, broadcast packets, and multicast packets.
  • Before configuring an Eth-Trunk to preferentially forward local traffic, ensure that member interfaces of the local Eth-Trunk have sufficient bandwidth to forward local traffic; otherwise, traffic may be discarded.
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Updated: 2019-08-21

Document ID: EDOC1000142081

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