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S12700 V200R010C00 Configuration Guide - WLAN-AC

This document describes native AC (hereinafter referred to as WLAN AC) configuration procedures and provides configuration examples.
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Airtime Scheduling

Airtime Scheduling

Overview

Airtime scheduling schedules channel resources based on the channel occupation time of users connected to the same radio. Each user is assigned equal time to occupy the channel, ensuring fairness in channel usage.

On a WLAN, the physical layer rates of users differ greatly. This is due to different radio modes, supported by either the terminals or the radio environment where the terminals reside. If users with lower physical layer rates occupy wireless channels for a long period, user experience of the entire WLAN is affected. When airtime scheduling is enabled, users on the WLAN occupy the wireless channel equally. This improves the overall user experience when high- and low-speed users are connected at the same time.

Principles

After airtime scheduling is enabled, the device does the following:
  • Collects statistics on the time within which each user occupies a wireless channel to send packets on the same radio.
  • Calculates the total sum of time that each user occupies the wireless channel.
  • Sequences the STAs in ascending order of channel occupation time.
Compared with traditional scheduling modes, airtime scheduling provides the following additional functions:
  • Inserts new users to specified positions according to their wireless channel occupation time. In traditional scheduling modes, new users are placed at the end of the user queue.
  • Checks whether a user continues to send data after they finish sending the first queue of data. If yes, they are inserted into the queue according to their wireless channel occupation time. The device preferentially schedules channel resources for the user with the shortest channel occupation time. If the user does not continue to send data, the device directly schedules channel resources for the second user.
Figure 10-11 shows the airtime scheduling process.
Figure 10-11  Airtime scheduling process
There are four users on a radio waiting to transmit data. They have occupied the channel for a time of 3, 4, 6, and 7 respectively, and require a corresponding time of 2, 4, 6, and 7 for a round of data transmission.
  1. After airtime scheduling is enabled, the device collects the channel occupation time of the four users. The channel occupation times of User1, User2, User3, and User4 become 3, 4, 6, and 7 respectively. User1 occupies the channel for the shortest time. Therefore, the device allocates channel resources to User1 first.
  2. It takes a time of 2 for User1 to finish a round of data transmission. The channel occupation time of User1 increases to 5. The channel occupation times of User1, User2, User3, and User4 become 5, 4, 6, and 7 respectively. User2 occupies the channel for the shortest time. Therefore, the data of User2 is preferentially transmitted.
  3. It takes a time of 4 for User2 to finish a round of data transmission. The channel occupation time of User2 increases to 8. The channel occupation times of User1, User2, User3, and User4 become 5, 8, 6, and 7 respectively. User1 occupies the channel for the shortest time. Therefore, the device preferentially schedules channel resources for User1.
  4. If User1 finishes all data transmissions, the device only collects the channel occupation time of the remaining users. The channel occupation times of User2, User3, and User 4 are 8, 6, and 7 respectively. User3 occupies the channel for the shortest time. Therefore, the data of User3 is preferentially transmitted.
  5. It takes a time of 6 for User3 to finish a round of data transmission. The channel occupation time of User3 increases to 12. Channel occupation time of User2, User3, and User4 becomes 8, 12, and 7 respectively. User4 occupies the channel for the shortest time. Therefore, channel resources are preferentially scheduled for User4.
The device preferentially schedules channel resources for the user that occupies the channel for the shortest time. In this way, each user is assigned equal time to occupy the channel, ensuring fairness in channel usage.

To prevent that the first access users fail to occupy the wireless channels to transmit data, the device periodically clears all users' wireless channel occupation time. In this way, all access users have the same occupation weight.

After WMM is enabled on the device and terminals, user packets are scheduled based on different types (service types include VI, VO, BE, and BK). For example, voice packets are only scheduled with other voice packets, and video packets with other video packets.
NOTE:
If the packets of multiple users are of different types, airtime scheduling does not take effect. For example, if one user transmits voice packets and the other transmits video packets, airtime scheduling is not performed.
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Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1000142094

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