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Wireless City Network Planning Guide (Cultural Venues, Libraries, Stadiums, and Theaters)
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Solution Overview

Solution Overview

From the perspective of network planning, venues in wireless city projects are divided into common venues and high-density venues.

  • Common venues (such as libraries and cultural venues): Generally, such venues have low user density, with a height to ceiling of less than 5 m. In these scenarios, indoor APs with built-in omnidirectional antennas are mounted on ceilings or walls, and are spaced as required.
  • High-density venues (such as stadiums and theaters): Such venues have tiers of stands and high ceilings, with high user densities and high demands for Internet access. In these scenarios, small-angle directional antennas are used to control the coverage of a single AP. This increases the number of APs to allow for more access and concurrent users.

Table 1 lists AP models used in common and high-density venues.

Table 1-1 AP selection


AP Model

Protocol Type



Installation Mode

Power Supply Mode

Power Consumption (The Actual Value Varies Depending on Local Laws and Regulations.)

Common venues


802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ac Wave 2


Built-in omnidirectional antenna

Ceiling/Wall mounting

PoE/Local DC



802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ac Wave 2


Built-in omnidirectional antenna

Ceiling/Wall mounting

PoE/Local DC





Built-in omnidirectional antenna

Ceiling/Wall mounting

PoE/Local DC

21.5 W (excluding the output power of the USB port)

High-density venues


802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ac Wave 2


Built-in 30°x30° antenna

Ceiling/Wall/Pole mounting

PoE/Local DC

  • 11.8 W (in 802.3af PoE or DC power supply mode)
  • 13.9 W (in 802.3at PoE power supply mode; excluding the output power of the PoE_OUT port)


802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ac Wave2


External antenna

Wall/Pole mounting



Table 2 lists information collected before WLAN planning for venues in wireless city projects.

Table 1-2 WLAN planning checklist

Input Information for WLAN Planning

Information Record

Confirmed (Yes or No)




Confirm information completeness of drawings including the scale.

*Coverage area


Confirm coverage areas, and classify them into common and key coverage areas.

*Required field strength


For example, not lower than –65 dBm in indoor areas

*Service usage


For example, Internet access by mobile phones

*Number of users, bandwidth, and concurrency rate


Requirements in the stand area and other common indoor areas

*Available channels in local areas and EIRP


Confirm available 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz channels in local areas, and avoid using reserved or radar channels. Confirm the EIRP values of local 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz channels.

*AP selection


For example, APs with external or built-in antennas

*Floor height


Confirm the floor height to determine the positions for installing APs.



Confirm onsite obstacles such as walls (wall materials and thickness).

*Interference sources


Confirm whether signal interference sources exist.

*AP installation positions


Confirm positions for installing APs (ceiling/wall).

Special requirements


For example, roaming, delay, and packet loss ratio requirements

Service life


Service life of WLANs expected by customers

Site survey photos


Photos about sites



Other information

Updated: 2019-05-14

Document ID: EDOC1000152312

Views: 3864

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