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CLI-based Configuration Guide - IP Unicast Routing

AR100, AR120, AR150, AR160, AR200, AR1200, AR2200, AR3200, and AR3600 V200R009

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Configuring Keychain Authentication

Configuring Keychain Authentication


BGP uses TCP as the transmission protocol, and considers a packet valid as long as the source address, destination address, source port, destination port, and TCP sequence number of the packet are correct. However, most parameters in a packet may be easily obtained by attackers. To protect BGP from attacks, use MD5 authentication or keychain authentication between BGP peers to reduce the possibility of attacks. The keychain algorithm is complex to configure and generates a set of passwords. Keychain authentication allows automatically changing a password based on the configuration. Therefore, keychain authentication applies to networks requiring high security.

Before configuring BGP keychain authentication, configure a keychain corresponding to keychain-name. Otherwise, the TCP connection cannot be established. For details about configuring a keychain, see "Keychain Configuration" in the Huawei AR Series Configuration Guide - Security Configuration.


  1. Run system-view

    The system view is displayed.

  2. Run bgp { as-number-plain | as-number-dot }

    The BGP view is displayed.

  3. Run peer { ipv4-address | group-name | ipv6-address } keychain keychain-name

    Keychain authentication is configured.

    • You must configure keychain authentication on both BGP peers. Encryption algorithms and passwords configured on both peers must be the same; otherwise, the TCP connection cannot be established between BGP peers and BGP messages cannot be transmitted. SHA256 and HMAC-SHA256 encryption algorithm are recommended in keychain authentication.
    • BGP MD5 authentication and BGP keychain authentication are mutually exclusive, and only one of them can be configured for a BGP peer.

Updated: 2019-12-27

Document ID: EDOC1000174069

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