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CLI-based Configuration Guide - IP Unicast Routing

AR100, AR120, AR150, AR160, AR200, AR1200, AR2200, AR3200, and AR3600 V200R009

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Example for Configuring OSPFv3 DR Election

Example for Configuring OSPFv3 DR Election

Networking Requirements

In Figure 6-12, RouterA has a DR priority of 100, which is the highest in the network, so it is elected as the DR. RouterC has the second highest priority, so it is elected as the BDR. The priority of RouterB is 0 so that it cannot be elected as the DR and BDR. RouterD does not have a priority and the priority is 1 by default.

Figure 6-12 Networking diagram of configuring OSPFv3 DR election

Configuration Roadmap

The configuration roadmap is as follows:

  1. Configure the router ID on each router, enable OSPFv3, and specify the network segment.

  2. Check the DR/BDR status with the default priority.

  3. Configure the DR priority on the interface and check the DR/BDR status.

Procedure

  1. Assign an IPv6 address for each interface.

    # Configure IPv6 addresses for interfaces on RouterA.

    <Huawei> system-view
    [Huawei] sysname RouterA
    [RouterA] ipv6
    [RouterA] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/0
    [RouterA-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ipv6 enable
    [RouterA-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ipv6 address 1001::1/64

    The configurations of RouterB, RouterC and RouterD are similar to the configuration of RouterA, and are not mentioned here.

  2. Configure basic OSPFv3 functions.

    # Configure RouterA, enable OSPFv3, and set its router ID to 1.1.1.1.

    [RouterA] ipv6
    [RouterA] ospfv3
    [RouterA-ospfv3-1] router-id 1.1.1.1
    [RouterA-ospfv3-1] quit
    [RouterA] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/0
    [RouterA-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ospfv3 1 area 0
    [RouterA-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit

    # Configure RouterB, enable OSPFv3, and set its Router ID to 2.2.2.2.

    [RouterB] ipv6
    [RouterB] ospfv3
    [RouterB-ospfv3-1] router-id 2.2.2.2
    [RouterB-ospfv3-1] quit
    [RouterB] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/0
    [RouterB-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ospfv3 1 area 0
    [RouterB-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit

    # Configure RouterC, enable OSPFv3, and set its Router ID to 3.3.3.3.

    [RouterC] ipv6
    [RouterC] ospfv3
    [RouterC-ospfv3-1] router-id 3.3.3.3
    [RouterC-ospfv3-1] quit
    [RouterC] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/0
    [RouterC-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ospfv3 1 area 0
    [RouterC-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit

    # Configure RouterD, enable OSPFv3, and set its Router ID to 4.4.4.4.

    [RouterD] ipv6
    [RouterD] ospfv3
    [RouterD-ospfv3-1] router-id 4.4.4.4
    [RouterD-ospfv3-1] quit
    [RouterD] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/0
    [RouterD-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ospfv3 1 area 0
    [RouterD-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit

    # Display the neighbors of RouterA. You can view the DR priority (its default value is 1) and the neighbor status. RouterD is the DR and RouterC is the BDR.

    NOTE:

    The router with the greater router ID is the DR when routers have the same priority. If a certain Ethernet interface of a router becomes a DR, the other broadcast interfaces of the router have the highest priority in DR election. That is, the DR router is elected as the DR.

    [RouterA] display ospfv3 peer
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
    OSPFv3 Area (0.0.0.0)
    Neighbor ID     Pri  State            Dead Time Interface            Instance ID
    2.2.2.2           1  2-Way/DROther    00:00:32  GE1/0/0                        0
    3.3.3.3           1  Full/Backup      00:00:36  GE1/0/0                        0
    4.4.4.4           1  Full/DR          00:00:38  GE1/0/0                        0

    # Display the neighbors of RouterD, and you can view that all neighbors of RouterD are in the Full state.

    [RouterD] display ospfv3 peer
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
    OSPFv3 Area (0.0.0.0)
    Neighbor ID     Pri  State            Dead Time Interface            Instance ID
    1.1.1.1           1  Full/DROther     00:00:32  GE1/0/0                        0
    2.2.2.2           1  Full/DROther     00:00:35  GE1/0/0                        0
    3.3.3.3           1  Full/Backup      00:00:30  GE1/0/0                        0

  3. Set the DR priority of the interface.

    # Set the DR priority of RouterA to 100.

    [RouterA] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/0
    [RouterA-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ospfv3 dr-priority 100
    [RouterA-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit

    # Set the DR priority of RouterB to 0.

    [RouterB] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/0
    [RouterB-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ospfv3 dr-priority 0
    [RouterB-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit

    # Set the DR priority of RouterC to 2.

    [RouterC] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/0
    [RouterC-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ospfv3 dr-priority 2
    [RouterC-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit

    # Display the neighbors of RouterA, and you can view that the DR priority is updated and the DR and BDR remain unchanged.

    [RouterA] display ospfv3 peer
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
    OSPFv3 Area (0.0.0.0)
    Neighbor ID     Pri  State            Dead Time Interface            Instance ID
    2.2.2.2           0  2-Way/DROther    00:00:34  GE1/0/0                        0
    3.3.3.3           2  Full/Backup      00:00:38  GE1/0/0                        0
    4.4.4.4           1  Full/DR          00:00:31  GE1/0/0                        0

    # Display the neighbors of RouterD, and you can view that RouterD remains as the DR.

    [RouterD] display ospfv3 peer
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
    OSPFv3 Area (0.0.0.0)
    Neighbor ID     Pri  State            Dead Time Interface            Instance ID
    1.1.1.1         100  Full/DROther     00:00:36  GE1/0/0                        0
    2.2.2.2           0  Full/DROther     00:00:30  GE1/0/0                        0
    3.3.3.3           2  Full/Backup      00:00:36  GE1/0/0                        0

  4. Re-elect the DR/BDR.

    # Restart all routers (or run the shutdown and undo shutdown commands on the interface that establishes the OSPFv3 neighbor relationship), and make OSPFv3 re-elect the DR/BDR.

  5. Verify the configuration.

    # Display the neighbors of RouterA, and you can view that RouterC is the BDR.

    [RouterA] display ospfv3 peer
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
    OSPFv3 Area (0.0.0.0)
    Neighbor ID     Pri  State            Dead Time Interface            Instance ID
    2.2.2.2           0  Full/DROther     00:00:31  GE1/0/0                        0
    3.3.3.3           2  Full/Backup      00:00:36  GE1/0/0                        0
    4.4.4.4           1  Full/DROther     00:00:39  GE1/0/0                        0

    # Display the neighbors of RouterD, and you can view that RouterA is the DR.

    [RouterD] display ospfv3 peer
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
    OSPFv3 Area (0.0.0.0)
    Neighbor ID     Pri  State            Dead Time Interface            Instance ID
    1.1.1.1         100  Full/DR          00:00:39  GE1/0/0                        0
    2.2.2.2           0  2-Way/DROther    00:00:35  GE1/0/0                        0
    3.3.3.3           2  Full/Backup      00:00:39  GE1/0/0                        0

Configuration Files

  • Configuration file of RouterA

    #
     sysname RouterA
    #
    ipv6
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
     ipv6 enable
     ipv6 address 1001::1/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
     ospfv3 dr-priority 100
    #
    ospfv3 1
     router-id 1.1.1.1
    #
    return
  • Configuration file of RouterB

    #
     sysname RouterB
    #
    ipv6
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
     ipv6 enable
     ipv6 address 1001::2/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
     ospfv3 dr-priority 0
    #
    ospfv3 1
     router-id 2.2.2.2
    #
    return
  • Configuration file of RouterC

    #
     sysname RouterC
    #
    ipv6
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
     ipv6 enable
     ipv6 address 1001::3/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
     ospfv3 dr-priority 2
    #
    ospfv3 1
     router-id 3.3.3.3
    #
    return
  • Configuration file of RouterD

    #
     sysname RouterD
    #
    ipv6
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
     ipv6 enable
     ipv6 address 1001::4/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
    #
    ospfv3 1
     router-id 4.4.4.4
    #
    return
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Updated: 2019-05-17

Document ID: EDOC1000174069

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