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CLI-based Configuration Guide - Network Management and Monitoring

AR100, AR120, AR150, AR160, AR200, AR1200, AR2200, AR3200, and AR3600 V200R009

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Configuring a Hardware-based UDP Jitter Test Instance

Configuring a Hardware-based UDP Jitter Test Instance

Context

Before configuring a hardware-based UDP Jitter test instance, configure reachable routes between the NQA client and the UDP Jitter server.

Jitter equals the interval between receiving two consecutive packets minus the interval between sending them.

When configuring a hardware-based UDP Jitter test instance, you can set the number of packets to be sent consecutively in each test instance. This configuration is used to simulate certain traffic. For example, G.711 traffic can be simulated within 1 minute by sending 3000 UDP packets at an interval of 20 milliseconds.

NOTE:

Configuring NTP on the NQA client and the server can effectively improve the accuracy of the test.

Perform the following steps on the NQA client. The NQA client also functions as the Jitter client. The Jitter obtained in the test is the UDP jitter that occurs when the device uses the hardware to send packets.

The timeout, probe-count, frequency, jitter-packetnum, and interval commands constrain each other; therefore, properly set the values when running the five commands. Improper command settings may lead to test failure.

  • On a network with poor quality and low transmission rate, increase the timeout value to ensure that the response to NQA detection packets can be received.
  • On a network with low reliability, increase the probe-count value because multiple detection packets may need to be sent to ensure successful detection.
  • The frequency value must comply with the following rules:

    frequency > probe-count × jitter-packetnum × interval + 6200 + (5 × timeout/3)

    The unit of 6200 is ms.

Procedure

  • Configure a UDP Jitter server for hardware-based UDP jitter test.
    1. Run system-view

      The system view is displayed.

    2. Run nqa-server udpecho [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] { auto-address | ip-address | ipv6 ipv6-address } port-number

      The monitoring IP address and port number of the UDP server are configured.

      The IP address and port number of the server must be the same as those configured on the client.

    3. (Optional) Run nqa-server session-record enable

      NQA client information display is enabled on the NQA server.

      By default, NQA client information display is disabled on the NQA server.

  • Configure the NQA client.
    1. Run system-view

      The system view is displayed.

    2. Run nqa test-instance admin-name test-name

      An NQA test instance is created, and the NQA view is displayed.

    3. Run test-type jitter

      The test type is set to Jitter.

    4. Run destination-address ipv4 ip-address

      The destination address is configured.

    5. Run destination-port port-number

      The destination port number is configured.

    6. Run hardware-based enable

      The LPUs are enabled to send packets.

    7. (Optional) Run the following commands as required to configure parameters for the Jitter test:

      • Run description string

        A description is configured for the test instance.

      • Run frequency interval

        The test period is set for the NQA test instance.

      • Run timeout time

        The timeout period of a probe is set for the NQA test instance.

      • Run source-address ipv4 ip-address

        The source IP address is configured.

      • Run source-port port-number

        The source port number is configured.

      • Run ttl number

        The TTL value in the NQA test packet is set.

      • Run datasize size

        The packet size is set for the NQA test instance.

      • Run source-interface interface-type interface-number

        The source interface for the NQA test instance is configured.

      • Run sendpacket passroute

        The NQA test instance is configured to send packets without searching the routing table.

        By default, the NQA test packets are sent by searching the routing table.

      • Run probe-count number

        The number of test probes in each test is set.

        By default, the number of probes is 3.

      • Run tos value

        Type of Service (TOS) is set for the test packet.

      • Run fail-percent percent

        The failure percentage is set for the NQA test instance.

        By default, the failure percentage is 100%, that is, the test is regarded failed only when all the probes fail.

      • Run interval { milliseconds interval | seconds interval }

        The interval at which test packets are sent is set.

        By default, test packets are sent at an interval of 20 milliseconds.

        A shorter interval enables a test to be complete sooner. Delays occur during the sending and receiving of test packets on the processor. Therefore, if the interval for sending test packets is short, the Jitter test results are inaccurate.

      • Run jitter-packetnum number

        The number of test packets sent in each probe is set.

        By default, 20 packets are sent in each probe.

        The Jitter test is used to collect and analyze the delay variation during UDP packet transmission. To improve the accuracy of the test result, the system sends multiple test packets each time. The more test packets are sent, the more accurate the statistics are, and the longer the test lasts.

        NOTE:

        The probe-count command sets the number of Jitter probes and the jitter-packetnum command sets the number of test packets sent during each probe. The product of probe count multiplied by the number of test packets must be smaller than or equal to 3000.

      • Run vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

        The VPN instance name is configured.

      • Run records history number

        The maximum number of historical records is set for the NQA test instance.

      • Run records result number

        The maximum number of result records is set for the NQA test instance.

      • Run agetime hh:mm:ss

        The aging time is set for the NQA test instance.

      • Run timestamp-unit { millisecond | microsecond }

        The timestamp unit is set for the NQA test instance.

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Updated: 2019-05-17

Document ID: EDOC1000174072

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