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Fat AP and Cloud AP V200R008C00 CLI-based Configuration Guide

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Principles

Principles

Hotspot2.0 Network Architecture

Based on the cellular network infrastructure, the operator deploys the Hotsot2.0 network to provide Wi-Fi access. Figure 14-1 shows the network architecture.

Figure 14-1  Hotspot2.0 network architecture
Table 14-1  Description of Hotspot2.0 NEs

NE

Description

STA

Wireless terminals that support Hotspot2.0 and WPA2-802.1x client. STAs function as the ANQP clients and can obtain Hotspot2.0 network information through ANQP.

AP

Wireless access points that support Hotspot2.0 and WAP2-802.1x access. The APs function as the ANQP servers and can send Hotspot2.0 network information to STAs through ANQP.

AAA server

Authentication, authorization, and accounting server that supports 802.1x authentication and EAP-SIM/AKA/TLS/TTLS encryption. It can obtain authentication vectors and WLAN registration information from the HLR.

HLR

Home location register (HLR), a database that stores user information on mobile communication networks, including the user registration information, mobile station location information, MSISDNs, and IMSIs.

BOSS

The operation support platform provides end-to-end business flow support for the carrier to handle routine tasks such as customer service, rating, billing, settlement and dunning.

Concepts

Hotspot2.0 is implemented based on IEEE 802.11u standards. IEEE 802.11u defines a mechanism for terminals to obtain WLAN information. On home or roaming networks, terminals can obtain WLAN information through Beacon or Probe frames or the generic advertisement service (GAS). Based on the received WLAN information, the terminals automatically select the optimal WLAN network to access, where the terminals will be automatically authenticated.

WLAN information is transferred through GAS and ANQP.
  • GAS: a mechanism defined by 802.11u through which the STA obtains network information by exchanging Request and Response packets with the network side.
  • Access Network Query Protocol (ANQP): a network information query protocol encapsulated in GAS packets.

ANQP defines the network parameters that are used to identify networks, as shown in Table 14-2.

Table 14-2  ANQP network parameters
Parameter Description
NAI Realm Service provider information, including the realm name and authentication type.
3GPP Cellular PLMN Cellular network identifier composed of MNC and MCC.
Roaming Consortium List Operator Identifiers (OIs) of service providers having roaming relationships with each other. STAs can determine the authentication type based on the OI.
Domain Name Domain name of the access network operator, which is the identifier of the operated Hotspot2.0 network.
Venue Name Venue name that specifies the location of the Hotspot2.0 network.
Venue Info Venue information that specifies the type of the location where the Hotspot2.0 network resides.
Operator Friendly Name Friendly operator name displayed on the user terminal.
IP Address Type Availability Information Available IP address types, for example, IPv4, IPv6, and NAT.
WAN Metrics Load on wired interface, including link status, and uplink and downlink rates and loads.
Connection Capability Connection capability, including allowed IP protocols and ports of the network.
Operating Class Indication Operating class indication, indicating the working channel of the APs providing the same SSID and at the same location.
Network Authentication Type Information Information used for HTTP/HTTPS redirection and DNS redirection.
HESSID Homogenous Extended Service Set Identifier which is globally unique and uses the the BSSID of one AP to identify APs of the same service provider. HESSID helps STAs to determine whether network parameters need to be renewed and assist the STAs in network selection.
Access Network Type Field Access network type: whether the WLAN is a private network or public network, or whether it is chargeable or free.
Internet Available Field Whether the Hotspot2.0 network provides Internet access.
BSS Load Information Element AP load information, including STA quantity and channel usage.
Hotspot2.0 Indication Hotspot2.0 indication field, which indicates that the AP supports Hotspot2.0 and whether the AP is allowed to forward downstream broadcast or multicast packets.

Network Discovery and Selection

Figure 14-2 shows the process of Hotsot2.0 network discovery and selection which involves packet exchanges between the STA and AP. Step 1 and Step 2 are parallel. Based on different STA and AP settings, a STA may perform an active or passive scan.

Figure 14-2  Hotspot2.0 network discovery and selection
Users are registered at their home service providers and configured with the USIM/SIM card, certificate, user name and password, and organization identifier (OI) of the home service provider. In scenarios where a STA accesses a roaming WLAN, the roaming WLAN must have set up connections with the home network. Additionally, roaming consortium, and some or all of the following information related to the home network must be configured on the roaming WLAN, including roaming consortium list, cellular network information, and NAI realm list.
  1. STA passive scan or active scan

    • STA passive scan

      An AP sends a Beacon frame which contains information including the Hotspot 2.0 indication, BSS load, Internet connectivity flag, network type, and information of service providers.

      Upon receiving the Beacon frame, the STA checks whether the received Beacon frame carries the Hotspot 2.0 indication. If so, the STA determines that the AP supports Hotspot 2.0. The STA then parses the Roaming Consortium field included in the received frame to obtain the OI of the WLAN service provider. In this way, the STA determines whether it is allowed to access the WLAN. Before network access, the STA can also learn the BSS load information and then select a lightly loaded AP to access the WLAN.

    • STA active scan

      The STA sends to the home AP a Probe Request frame with access network type information. After receiving the Probe Request frame, the AP checks whether the network type contained in the frame matches the allowed network type configured on the AP. If so, the AP responds with a Probe Response frame, which includes Hotspot 2.0 indication, BSS load, Internet connectivity flag, network type, and information of one to three service providers.

      When receiving the Probe Response frame, the STA checks whether the received frame carries the Hotspot 2.0 indication. If so, the STA determines that the AP supports Hotspot 2.0. The STA then parses the Roaming Consortium field included in the received frame to obtain the OI of the WLAN service provider. In this way, the STA determines whether it is allowed to access the WLAN. Before network access, the STA can also learn the BSS load information and then select a lightly loaded AP to access the WLAN.

  2. STA obtain network information in roaming scenarios

    The STA sends a GAS Initial Request frame to obtain more WLAN information, including a list of all available service providers, supported authentication types, hotspot operators, IP addresses and ports, and traffic over the wired port. The AP replies a GAS Initial Response frame, which carries ANQP network parameters.

  3. STA association with the AP

    The STA selects a WLAN to access based on the obtained WLAN information (such as the realm name and authentication type), preset NAI, and access credential. Upon determining a target WLAN, the STA sends an Association Request frame to the AP. The Association Request frame carries the Hotspot 2.0 indication which indicates that AES encryption and 802.1x authentication are used. The AP replies with an Association Response frame.

  4. STA identity authentication

    The STA sends an 802.1x authentication request, and the AP forwards it to the AAA server. The STA also reports NAI information. Based on the route information carried in the NAI field, the home AAA server connects to the authentication server of the home service provider for authentication of the STA. After passing the authentication, the STA can access the WLAN.

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Updated: 2019-01-11

Document ID: EDOC1000176006

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