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S12700 V200R011C10 Configuration Guide - Network Management and Monitoring

This document provides the configurations of network management and monitoring features supported by the product, including SNMP, RMON and RMON2, LLDP, Performance Management, iPCA, NQA, Service Diagnosis, Mirroring, Packet Capture, Traffic Distribution, NetStream, sFlow, and TWAMP Light.
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Understanding TWAMP Light

Understanding TWAMP Light

TWAMP Communication Model

Figure 13-1  TWAMP communication model
In Figure 1, the TWAMP uses the client-server model. There are four logical roles: Client, Sender, Server, and Reflector:
  • Controller:
    • Client: establishes, starts, and stops TWAMP sessions and collects statistics.
    • Sender: sends performance measurement probes as requested by the Client.
  • Responder:
    • Server: responds to the Client's requests for establishing, starting, or stopping TWAMP sessions.
    • Reflector: replies to the probes sent by the Sender as requested by the Server.

TWAMP-control packets are exchanged between the Client and Server to establish TWAMP sessions. TWAMP-test packets are exchanged between the Sender and Reflector for performance measurement.

TWAMP Light Communication Model

Figure 13-2  TWAMP Light communication model
In Figure 13-2, TWAMP Light moves the control plane (server) of the Responder to the Controller. The Controller integrates the Client, Server, and Sender roles of the TWAMP structure. Therefore, the Responder in the TWAMP Light structure has only the Reflector role. The functions of Controller and Responder are as follows:
  • Controller: sends and receives measurement session packets, collects performance statistics, and sends measurement results to the network management station (NMS).
  • Responder: reflects the measurement session packets.

Measurement Implementation

TWAMP Light defines TWAMP-test packets in two directions as performance measurement probes. The Controller sends a test-request packet to the Responder, and then the Responder returns a test-response packet to the Controller, completing delay, jitter, and packet loss rate measurement.

  • Test-request: packet sent from Controller to Responder.
  • Test-response: packet sent from Responder to Controller.

Delay

The probe sent by the Controller carries time stamp T0. The response probe sent by the Responder carries the receiving time stamp T1 and response time stamp T2. When receiving the response probe, the Controller records the receiving time stamp T3. Therefore, the data transmission delay within an interval is calculated based on the four time stamps.

Delay = T3 - T0 - (T2 - T1)

Jitter

A jitter is the absolute difference between the delays of two consecutive packets. For example, if the delay of a packet is S0, and the delay of the previous packet is S1, the jitter is as follows:

Jitter = | S0 - S1 |

Packet loss rate

In a sampling interval, the test-request packet sent by Controller carries a sending sequence number. The Responder does not generate a sequence number, but copies the sequence number of the Controller as the response sequence number. The Controller records the number of sent test-request packets as N1, and the number of test-response packets received from the Responder as N2. Then the packet loss rate within a sampling interval is as follows:

Packet loss rate = (N1 - N2)/N1

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Updated: 2019-10-21

Document ID: EDOC1000178113

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