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Configuration Guide - Device Management

S1720, S2700, S5700, and S6720 V200R011C10

This document describes the principles and configurations of the Device Management features, and provides configuration examples of these features.
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Licensing Requirements and Limitations for Cloud-based Management

Licensing Requirements and Limitations for Cloud-based Management

Involved Network Elements

In addition to switches, the Huawei Cloud Managed Network Solution involves the following network elements:

  • Cloud management platform
  • Huawei device registration query center
  • FW
  • AR
  • AP

Licensing Requirements

Cloud-based management is a basic feature of a switch and is not under license control.

Version Requirements

NOTE:

The version support described in this section indicates only the cloud-based management configurations supported by switches. For the versions used in the Agile Controller-Campus, see "Version Mapping and Restraints" in the Huawei Cloud Managed Solution. To ensure function availability, you are advised to select switch models based on the version mapping with Agile Controller-Campus.

Table 11-2  Applicable product models and versions
Product Product Model Software Version
S1700

S1720GFR, S1720GW, S1720GWR, S1720GW-E, S1720GWR-E, S1720X, and S1720X-E

Not supported
Other S1700 models

Models that cannot be configured using commands. For details about features and versions, see S1700 Documentation Bookshelf.

S2700 S2700SI, S2700EI, S2710SI, S2720EI, and S2750EI Not supported
S3700 S3700SI, S3700EI, and S3700HI Not supported
S5700 S5700LI, S5700S-LI, S5710-C-LI, S5710-X-LI, S5700SI, S5700EI, S5710EI, S5700HI, S5710HI, S5720EI, S5720HI, S5730SI, and S5730S-EI Not supported
S5720LI and S5720S-LI V200R011C00 (only supported by S5720-12TP-LI-AC, S5720-12TP-PWR-LI-AC, S5720-28P-LI-AC, S5720-52P-LI-AC, S5720-28P-PWR-LI-AC, S5720-52P-PWR-LI-AC, S5720-28TP-PWR-LI-ACL, S5720-28TP-LI-AC, S5720-28TP-PWR-LI-AC, S5720-52X-PWR-LI-AC) and V200R011C10
S5720S-SI and S5720SI V200R010C00, V200R011C00, and V200R011C10
S6700 S6700EI, S6720EI, S6720S-EI, S6720SI, S6720S-SI, S6720LI, and S6720S-LI Not supported

Feature Limitations

  • If an unconfigured switch runs in traditional management or cloud-based management mode and cannot obtain the controller IP address, the switch periodically sends registration packets to the registration center to obtain the controller IP address. You can access the console port and run the display work-mode command to check the switch operating mode:
    • If the switch is working in traditional mode, no action is required because the input on the console port stops the switch from sending registration packets to the registration center.
    • If the switch is working in cloud-based management mode, to prevent the switch from sending registration packets to the registration center, configure Option 148 on a DHCP server to enable the switch to obtain the controller IP address through the DHCP server or configure the controller IP address on the switch using a command or through the web system.
  • In V200R011C10 earlier versions, it is not allowed to change a stacked switch to the cloud-based management mode. In V200R011C10 and later versions, it is allowed to change a stacked switch to the cloud-based management mode. Therefore, in V200R011C10 earlier versions, if the current slot ID of a switch is not 0 or the current slot ID is 0 but the slot ID for the next startup is not 0, it is not allowed to change the switch to the cloud-based management mode.

  • In the cloud-based management mode, the user name and password configured through web or serial port are effective only before the switch registers with the cloud management platform. After the switch registers, the cloud management platform will deliver the user name and password to the switch, which will override the ones configured in other ways. The user name and password delivered from the cloud management platform are required for login to a cloud-managed switch as long as the switch has registered with the cloud management platform.

  • In V200R010C00 and V200R011C00, a switch working in cloud-based management mode does not have a configuration file. Service configurations delivered from the cloud management platform are saved in a specific database of the platform. If a configuration file is loaded to the switch through misoperations, for example, using the BootROM menu, the switch will return to the traditional mode after a restart.

  • In V200R011C10 and later versions, a switch working in cloud-based management mode has a configuration file. Service configurations delivered from the cloud management platform are saved to the configuration file of the switch. To ensure that the configurations recorded by the cloud management platform are consistent with those in the configuration file of the switch, do not specify a configuration file for the switch again, for example, using the BootROM menu to specify a new configuration file. Otherwise, the configurations in the existing configuration file of the switch may be lost.

  • After the switch is changed to the cloud-based management mode, pay attention to the following points:
    • The trust dscp command configuration will be automatically generated on all interfaces.
    • A virtual management interface Meth0/0/2 will be automatically generated for the cloud management platform to locate faults on the switch. This interface has a fixed IP address configured. In versions earlier than V200R011C10, this fixed IP address is 192.168.2.1/30. In V200R011C10 and later versions, this fixed IP address is 169.254.2.1/30. After the switch is upgraded to V200R011C10 or later, this fixed IP address becomes 169.254.2.1/30.

    • In versions earlier than V200R011C10, the management IP address of the switch can only be dynamically allocated by the DHCP server. In V200R011C10 and later versions, this management IP address can be dynamically allocated by the DHCP server or use the IP address configured on a VLANIF interface used to communicate with the DHCP server.
    • If the IP address dynamically assigned by the DHCP server to the switch is on the network segment 192.168.1.0/24, the switch cannot register with the cloud management platform for authentication.

    • If an error occurs in the cloud-based management process of the switch, detailed error information of the process will be saved in the directory flash:/core_dump.

    • The switch is disconnected from and then reconnected to the Controller during patch activation if the switch needs to have patches installed and the patch file contains the cloud management-related process patch of the .bin type.

    • In addition to cloud-based management configuration commands, the switch supports only some commands that are supported in traditional management mode for fault location. Table 11-3 lists these commands.

      Table 11-3  Commands supported in cloud-based management mode

      Command

      Description

      View

      acl

      undo acl

      Creates ACL rules.

      Deletes ACL rules.

      System view

      capture-packet

      Configures the packet obtaining function.

      System view

      diagnose

      Displays the diagnostic view.

      System view

      http server load

      undo http server load

      Loads a specified web page file.

      Cancels loading a specified web page file.

      System view

      interface GigabitEthernet

      Displays the GE interface view.

      System view

      interface XGigabitEthernet

      Displays the XGE interface view.

      System view

      interface MultiGE

      Displays the MultiGE interface view.

      System view

      observe-port

      undo observe-port

      Creates an observing port.

      Deletes an observing port.

      System view

      reset trace instance

      Clears all the diagnosis instances on a device.

      System view

      save trace information

      Saves diagnosis information in the buffer area as a file.

      System view

      trace enable [ brief ]

      undo trace enable

      Enables service diagnosis.

      Disables service diagnosis.

      System view

      trace object

      undo trace object

      Creates a diagnosis object.

      Deletes a diagnosis object.

      System view

      trace syslog source

      undo trace syslog source

      Sets the source interface from which the device exports diagnosis information to a log server.

      Cancels the configuration of the source interface from which the device exports diagnosis information to a log server.

      System view

      duplex

      undo duplex

      Sets the duplex mode for an Ethernet electrical interface working in non-auto-negotiation mode.

      Restores the default duplex mode for an Ethernet electrical interface working in non-auto-negotiation mode.

      Ethernet interface view

      negotiation auto

      undo negotiation auto

      Configures an Ethernet interface to work in auto-negotiation mode.

      Configures an Ethernet interface to work in non-auto-negotiation mode.

      Ethernet interface view

      speed

      undo speed

      Sets the rate for an Ethernet interface working in non-auto-negotiation mode.

      Restores the default rate for an Ethernet interface working in non-auto-negotiation mode.

      Ethernet interface view

      port-mirroring

      undo port-mirroring

      Binds a mirrored port to an observing port.

      Cancels binding a mirrored port to an observing port.

      Ethernet interface view

      traffic-mirror

      undo traffic-mirror

      Configures the traffic mirroring function.

      Cancels the traffic mirroring function.

      System view and Ethernet interface view

      traffic-statistic

      undo traffic-statistic

      Enables the traffic statistics collection function.

      Cancels the traffic statistics collection function.

      System view and Ethernet interface view

      All commands in the ACL view

      Performs ACL-related configurations.

      -

      All display commands

      Displays the device status or configurations.

      -

      quit

      Returns to the upper-level view.

      -

      return

      Returns to the user view.

      -

      ping

      Determines whether the specified IPv4 address is reachable.

      -

      tracert

      Displays the path of packets from the source end to the destination end and detects network connectivity.

      -

      All commands in the FTP client view

      Configures FTP transmission.

      -

      stelnet host-ip (supported in V200R011C10 and later versions)

      Configures the IP address of the STelnet server.

      System view

      All commands in the user view

      Commands starting with the following keywords in the user view are not supported:

      • configuration
      • format
      • local-user
      • lock
      • startup saved-configuration
      • save (except save logfile)
      • reboot (except reboot fast)
      • schedule
      • rollback
      • reset saved-configuration (not supported in V200R011C10 and later versions)

      Setting the date and time, using command clock datetime HH:MM:SS YYYY-MM-DD may cause the switch unable to register with the cloud management platform. Therefore, confirm the action before you use the command.

      All commands in the diagnostic view

      NOTICE:

      Some diagnostic commands may conflict with configuration delivered from the cloud management platform, resulting in interruption of the connection between the switch and cloud management platform. To prevent this problem, check the existing configuration on the cloud management platform before running diagnostic commands.

      Commands starting with the following keywords in the diagnostic view are not supported:

      • cli
      • configuration
      • test-device
      • cli enable-config
      • configuration exclusive
      • undo startup
      • run

      -

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Updated: 2019-10-21

Document ID: EDOC1000178167

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