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Configuration Guide - Ethernet Switching

S7700 and S9700 V200R011C10

This document describes the configuration of Ethernet services, including configuring link aggregation, VLANs, Voice VLAN, VLAN mapping, QinQ, GVRP, MAC table, STP/RSTP/MSTP, SEP, and so on.
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MST BPDUs

MST BPDUs

MSTP calculates spanning trees based on Multiple Spanning Tree Bridge Protocol Data Units (MST BPDUs). Switches on an MSTP network transmit MST BPDUs to calculate spanning tree topologies, maintain network topologies, and communicate topology changes.

Table 15-3 describes differences between TCN BPDUs, configuration BPDUs defined by STP, RST BPDUs defined by RSTP, and MST BPDUs defined by MSTP.

Table 15-3  Differences between BPDUs

Version

Type

Name

0

0x00

Configuration BPDU

0

0x80

TCN BPDU

2

0x02

RST BPDU

3

0x02

MST BPDU

Format of an MST BPDU

Figure 15-7 shows the format of an MST BPDU.

Figure 15-7  MST BPDU format

NOTE:

The first 36 bytes of an MST BPDU are the same as those of an RST BPDU.

Fields from the 37th byte of an MST BPDU are MSTP-specific. The MSTI Configuration Messages field consists of configuration messages of multiple MSTIs.

Table 15-4 describes the fields in an MST BPDU.

Table 15-4  Fields in an MST BPDU

Field

Length (Bytes)

Description

Protocol Identifier

2

Identifies a protocol.

Protocol Version Identifier

1

Indicates the protocol version identifier:
  • 0: STP

  • 2: RSTP

  • 3: MSTP

BPDU Type

1

Indicates the BPDU type:
  • 0x00: Configuration BPDU for STP

  • 0x80: TCN BPDU for STP

  • 0x02: RST BPDU or MST BPDU

CIST Flags

1

Identifies the CIST.

CIST Root Identifier

8

Indicates the ID of the CIST root switch.

CIST External Path Cost

4

Indicates the total path cost from the MST region where the switch resides to the MST region where the CIST root switch resides. This value is calculated based on link bandwidth.

CIST Regional Root Identifier

8

Indicates the ID of the regional root switch on the CIST. If the root is in this region, the CIST Regional Root Identifier is the same as the CIST Root Identifier.

CIST Port Identifier

2

Indicates the ID of the designated port in the IST.

Message Age

2

Indicates the lifecycle of the BPDU.

Max Age

2

Indicates the maximum lifecycle of the BPDU. If the Max Age timer expires, the link to the root is considered faulty.

Hello Time

2

Indicates the Hello timer value. The default value is 2 seconds.

Forward Delay

2

Indicates the forwarding delay timer. The default value is 15 seconds.

Version 1 Length

1

Indicates the BPDUv1 length, which has a fixed value of 0.

Version 3 Length

2

Indicates the BPDUv3 length.

MST Configuration Identifier

51

Indicates the MST configuration identifier, which has four fields.

CIST Internal Root Path Cost

4

Indicates the total path costs from the local port to the IST master. This value is calculated based on link bandwidth.

CIST Bridge Identifier

8

Indicates the ID of the designated switch on the CIST.

CIST Remaining Hops

1

Indicates the number of remaining hops of the BPDU in the CIST.

MSTI Configuration Messages(may be absent)

16

Indicates an MSTI configuration message. Each MSTI configuration message occupies 16 bytes. If there are n MSTIs, MSTI configuration messages are n*16 bytes long.

Configurable Format of MST BPDUs

There are two formats of MST BPDUs:

  • dot1s: BPDU format defined in IEEE 802.1s

  • legacy: private BPDU format

Remote devices must transmit and receive the same MST BPDU format. If MST BPDU formats are different, loops may occur.

To configure ports on a Huawei switch to automatically adopt the BPDU format of the remote device, use the stp compliance command. The following modes can be set on Huawei switches:

  • auto

  • dot1s

  • legacy

In auto mode, a port uses the dot1s BPDU format by default, but switches format if legacy BDPUs are received from the remote end.

Maximum Number of BPDUs Sent by a Port at a Hello Interval

The maximum number of BPDUs sent by a port during a Hello interval can be configured on Huawei switches.

The number of BPDUs sent during a Hello interval increases as the Hello Time value is increased. Setting the Hello Time to a smaller value limits the number of BPDUs sent by a port during a Hello interval, which helps prevent network topology flapping and excessive use of bandwidth resources by BPDUs.

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Updated: 2019-10-18

Document ID: EDOC1000178310

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