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Configuration Guide - Security

S9300, S9300E, and S9300X V200R011C10

This document describes the configurations of Security, including ACL, reflective ACL, local attack defense, MFF, attack defense, traffic suppression and storm control, ARP security, port security, DHCP snooping, ND snooping, PPPoE+, IPSG, SAVI, URPF, keychain, separating the management plane from the service plane, security risks.
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Overview of ARP Security

Overview of ARP Security

Definition

Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) security prevents ARP attacks and ARP-based network scanning attacks using a series of methods such as strict ARP learning, dynamic ARP inspection (DAI), ARP anti-spoofing, and rate limit on ARP packets.

Purpose

ARP is easy to use but lacks security protection mechanisms. Attackers may use ARP to attack network devices. The following ARP attacks exist on networks:

  • ARP flood attack: ARP flood attacks, also called denial of service (DoS) attacks, occur in the following scenarios:

    • Processing ARP packets and maintaining ARP entries consume system resources. Network devices limit the number of stored ARP entries to improve ARP entry query efficiency. Attackers send a large number of bogus ARP packets with variable source IP addresses to consume ARP entries on a target device. Therefore, the target device cannot generate ARP entries when receiving ARP packets from authorized users. Consequently, communication is interrupted.

    • Attackers send a large number of IP packets with unresolvable destination IP addresses to scan the hosts on the local or remote network segments. The target devices generate many ARP Miss messages and deliver many temporary ARP entries. In addition, the target devices broadcast a large number of ARP Request packets to resolve the destination IP addresses of the IP packets received from attackers. These operations cause CPU overloading.

  • ARP spoofing attack: Attackers send bogus ARP packets to target devices, causing these devices to modify the ARP entries of other network devices or user hosts. As a result, these network devices or user hosts cannot communicate with one another other.

ARP attacks cause the following problems:
  • Network connections are unstable and communication is interrupted.
  • Attackers initiate ARP spoofing attacks to intercept user packets and thus obtain the accounts and passwords of the users, for example, game, online banking, and file server accounts and passwords, leading to losses for customers.

To address the preceding problems, ARP security can be deployed.

Benefits

  • Reduces maintenance costs for network operating and security.
  • Provides users with stable services on a secure network.
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Updated: 2019-04-01

Document ID: EDOC1000178410

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