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FusionAccess Desktop Solution V100R006C20 Windows Desktop Management Guide 09 (FusionSphere V100R006C10 or Earlier)
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Adding VMs

Adding VMs

Scenarios

Add VMs to a VM group and assign VMs in a desktop group.

Impact on the System

This operation has no adverse impact on the system.

Prerequisites

  • You have logged in to the FusionAccess portal. For details, see Logging In to FusionAccess.
  • You can open the Desktop page using the browser.
  • VM templates have been created.
  • VM users have been created.

Data

For details about the parameters required for this task, see Parameters for Adding VMs.

Procedure

Add VMs.

  1. On the FusionAccess portal, choose Desktop > VM Group.

    The page for managing VM groups is displayed.

  2. Select a VM group and click Add VM.

    The Add VM page is displayed.

  3. Check whether the VM group type is linked clone or full memory, and whether there are VMs in the VM group.

    • If the VM group type is linked clone, go to Step 10.
    • If the VM group type is not linked clone, go to Step 4.

  4. Select the site, resource cluster, and host to which the VM to be created belongs respectively from the Site, Resource cluster, and Host drop-down lists.
  5. Click Select next to VM template, select a VM template, and click OK.
  6. Use the parameter values in the template or reconfigure the following parameters based on the actual requirements.

    • Number of CPUs
    • Memory size
    • QoS information
    • Number of disks and disk information
    NOTE:
    • The preceding parameters are automatically associated with the parameter values set in the template. Configure the parameters as required.
    • Configure 1 to 64 CPUs and 1024 MB to 1024000 MB memory. For Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit) configure at least two CPUs, and at least 2048 MB memory size. For Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2016 OSs, configure at least four CPUs, and at least 4096 MB memory size.
    • QoS information: When creating common VMs, retain the default value; when creating full memory VMs, GPU passthrough VMs, GPU hardware virtualization VMs, set Reserved for the memory to the maximum value.

  7. In GPU select your desired type.

    After GPU VMs are provisioned, configure the GPU VMs. For details, see F112_High-Performance Graphics Processing (GPU Pass-through) and F112_High-Performance Graphics Processing (M60-based GPU Hardware Virtualization) in FusionAccess Desktop Solution V100R006C20 Feature Guide.

    • GPU: Common VMs are provisioned because no GPU is available.
    • Auto > Direct: The system automatically binds a GPU to a VM and users must set the GPU mode to Direct.
    • Auto > Virtual: The system automatically binds a GPU to a VM and users must set the GPU mode to Virtual.
    • Manual: After a VM is provisioned, users need to bind a GPU to the VM on FusionCompute.

  8. In the Disk area, click in the Operation column, and you can configure the system disk and user disk information in the displayed dialog box. Click Add next to Disk, and you can add user disk information in the dialog box that is displayed.

    NOTE:
    • A maximum of 10 user disks are supported.
    • If the VM type is full copy and the number of data disks is not zero, you can select Format all data disks to format the data disks.
    • For VMs of all types, adding data disks prolongs VM provisioning.

    Table 4-2 describes the rules for configuring system disk information.

    Table 4-2 Rules for configuring the system disk

    Parameter

    Configuration Rules

    Mode

    Condition

    Value

    The template is a full copy template, and Mode supports Common.

    Common is recommended.

    The template is a linked clone or full memory template.

    The value must be Thin provisioning.

    The data store type is FusionStorage.

    The value must be Thin provisioning.

    Data store

    • The data store provides system disk resources for users. The system disk capacity cannot exceed the remaining space (or available capacity for full memory VMs) in the data store. The unit is GB.
    • For a full memory VM, the system disk must be deployed on IOTailor storage.

    There is no limit on the configuration mode of user disks. Table 4-3 shows the recommended configuration.

    Table 4-3 Recommended configuration of Mode of user disks

    Parameter

    Recommended Configuration

    Mode

    Condition

    Value

    The template is a full copy template, and Mode supports Thick provisioning lazy zeroed.

    Thick provisioning lazy zeroed is recommended.

    The template is a linked clone or full memory template.

    The value must be Thin provisioning.

    The data store type is FusionStorage.

    The value must be Thin provisioning.

    Data Store

    For all types of VMs, user disks must be deployed on non-IOTailor storage.

  9. Click Add next to NIC area and configure the NIC information in the displayed dialog box.

    NOTE:

    A maximum of 12 NICs are supported.

    Table 4-4 describes the rules fofull

    configuring NIC information.

    Table 4-4 Rules for configuring Port group and Obtain IP address

    Parameter

    Configuration Principle

    Port group

    Select the port group of the service plane.

    -

    -

    Configure different port groups for the NICs on the same VM.

    Obtain IP address

    DHCP

    Do not specify VM IP addresses when creating VMs.

    Static

    Specify the IP address of the first NIC on the VM when creating VMs.

    NOTE:

    Full memory VMs do not support static IP address assignment.

  10. Configure other information for the VM.

    The linked clone or full memory VM names cannot contain the domain account name.

  11. Click Finish.

    A dialog box is displayed.

  12. Click Confirm.

    The system displays a message indicating that the VM is added.

  13. Click Return to VM Group.

    The VM Group page is displayed. You can view information about the created VM on the page.

Assign VMs.

  1. On the FusionAccess portal, choose Desktop > Desktop Group.

    The page for managing desktop groups is displayed.

  2. Select a desktop group and click Assign VM.

    The Assign VM page is displayed.

  3. Configure basic information about the desktop group based on the data plan.

    NOTE:
    • If the assignment type is Multiple Users:
    • If user A has logged in to a VM, user B cannot log in to the VM.
    • If user A disconnects from a VM without logging out, user B can log in to the VM and user A will be forcibly logged out of the VM at that time.
    • In a pool desktop scenario, to ensure all users in user group A can log in to the pool desktop that is allocated to user group A, all the users must directly belong to user group A.

      For example, in a scenario where user a belongs to department A and department A belongs to department C, user a can directly log in to the pool desktop if the pool desktop is allocated to department A but cannot log in to the pool desktop if the pool desktop is allocated to department C.

  4. Click OK.

    The system displays a message indicating that the VM is assigned.

  5. Click Return to Desktop Group List.

    The page for managing desktop groups is displayed. You can view the information about the desktop group on the page.

    NOTE:

    The password of the VM user Administrator is generated by the system at random.

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Updated: 2019-04-25

Document ID: EDOC1000182394

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