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FusionAccess Desktop Solution V100R006C20 Windows Desktop Management Guide 09 (FusionSphere V100R006C10 or Earlier)

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Quickly Provisioning Desktops

Quickly Provisioning Desktops

Scenarios

On the FusionAccess portal, provision multiple VMs from a VM template in Quick Provision mode.

Prerequisites

  • You have logged in to the FusionAccess portal. For details, see Logging In to FusionAccess.
  • VM templates have been created.
  • VM users or user groups have been created.

Data

For details about the parameters required for this task, see VM Quick Provisioning Parameters.

Procedure

Create and configure VMs.

  1. On the FusionAccess portal, click Quick Provision.

    The Create VM page is displayed.

  2. Decide whether to select an existing VM group or create a VM group.

    • Select Existing VM Group: Select a VM group that is created in advance in Desktop > VM Group > Create VM Group.
    • Create VM Group: Add a VM group and set the VM group name, description, and type.
    NOTE:
    • The VM group name is 1 to 55 characters. It can contain digits, letters, spaces, and special characters ~!@%^_+-; it cannot start with !@%^.
    • You are advised to add the VMs created by the same template to the same VM group.

      For example, if you use the Win7_32_template template to create multiple VMs, set the VM group name to Win7_32_VMGroup.

  3. Select the site, resource cluster, and host to which the VM to be created belongs respectively from the Site, Resource cluster, and Host drop-down lists.

    NOTE:

    For full memory desktops, select the separate full memory cluster created in the installation phase.

  4. Choose Local area.

    NOTE:

    Local area is the area to which a VM belongs. The area is configured in advance in System > Rights Management > Area Management.

  5. Click Select next to VM template, select a VM template, and click OK.
  6. Use the parameter values in the template or reconfigure the following parameters based on the actual requirements.

    • Number of CPUs
    • Memory size
    • QoS information
    • Number of disks and disk information
    NOTE:
    • The preceding parameters are automatically associated with the parameter values set in the template. Configure the parameters as required.
    • Configure 1 to 64 CPUs and 1024 MB to 1024000 MB memory. For Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit) configure at least two CPUs, and at least 2048 MB memory size. For Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2016 OSs, configure at least four CPUs, and at least 4096 MB memory size.
    • QoS information: When creating common VMs, retain the default value; when creating full memory VMs, GPU passthrough VMs, GPU hardware virtualization VMs, set Reserved for the memory to the maximum value.

  7. In GPU select your desired type.

    After GPU VMs are provisioned, configure the GPU VMs. For details, see F112_High-Performance Graphics Processing (GPU Pass-through) and F112_High-Performance Graphics Processing (GPU Hardware Virtualization) in FusionAccess Desktop Solution V100R006C20 Feature Guide.

    • GPU: Common VMs are provisioned because no GPU is available.
    • Auto > Direct: The system automatically binds a GPU to a VM and users must set the GPU mode to Direct.
    • Auto > Virtual: The system automatically binds a GPU to a VM and users must set the GPU mode to Virtual.
    • Manual: After a VM is provisioned, users need to bind a GPU to the VM on FusionCompute.

  8. In the Disk area, click in the Operation column, and you can configure the system disk and user disk information in the dialog box that is displayed. Click Add next to Disk, and you can add user disk information in the dialog box that is displayed.

    NOTE:
    • A maximum of 10 user disks are supported.
    • When creating a full copy or QuickPrep VM:
      • If the user to which the VM is assigned belongs to the Administrators group, add a user disk in this step. When using the data disk, you can select Format all data disks to format the data disk.
      • If the user to which the VM is assigned does not belong to the Administrators group, you need to add a user disk in Creating a Bare VM.
    • When creating a linked clone or full memory VM, add a user disk in this step. Before using the user disk, you do not need to manually initialize the user disk.
    • For VMs of all types, adding data disks prolongs VM provisioning.

    Table 3-17 describes the rules for configuring system disk information.

    Table 3-17 Rules for configuring the system disk

    Parameter

    Configuration Rule

    Mode

    Condition

    Value

    The template is a full copy template, and Mode supports Common.

    Common is recommended.

    The template is a linked clone or full memory template.

    The value must be Thin provisioning.

    The data store type is FusionStorage.

    The value must be Thin provisioning.

    Data store

    • The data store provides system disk resources for users. The system disk capacity cannot be greater than the remaining space (or available capacity for full memory VMs) of the data store. The unit is GB.
    • For a full memory VM, the system disk must be deployed on IOTailor storage.
    • For a linked clone VM, you are advised to use the high-performance storage instead of the low-performance storage, such as NL-SAS and SATA.

    There is no limit on the configuration mode of user disks. Table 3-18 shows the recommended configuration.

    Table 3-18 Recommended configuration of Mode of user disks

    Parameter

    Recommended Configuration

    Mode

    Condition

    Value

    The template is a full copy template, and Mode supports Thick provisioning lazy zeroed.

    Thick provisioning lazy zeroed is recommended.

    The template is a linked clone or full memory template.

    The value must be Thin provisioning.

    The data store type is FusionStorage.

    The value must be Thin provisioning.

    Data Store

    For all types of VMs, user disks must be deployed on non-IOTailor storage.

  9. Click Add next to NIC and configure the NIC information.

    NOTE:

    A maximum of 12 NICs are supported.

    Table 3-19 describes the rules for configuring NIC information.

    Table 3-19 Rules for configuring NIC information

    Parameter

    Configuration Rule

    Port group

    Select the port group of the service plane.

    -

    -

    Configure different port groups for the NICs on the same VM.

    Obtain IP

    DHCP

    Do not specify VM IP addresses when creating VMs.

    Static

    Specify the IP address of the first NIC on the VM when creating VMs.

    NOTE:
    • Full memory VMs do not support static IP address assignment.
    • When provisioning multiple batches of VMs concurrently in Static mode, ensure that the IP address segments configured for multiple batches of VMs are different. Otherwise, the same IP address may be allocated to different VMs, which results in a provisioning failure.

  10. Specify the number of VMs to be created.

    The number of VMs is a positive integer less than or equal to 100. If the IP address of the first NIC is a static IP address (Obtain IP is set to Static in the NIC configuration), the value of Number of VMs ranges from 1 to the maximum number of VMs allowed in the IP segment. The maximum number of VMs cannot exceed 100. If the assigned IP addresses are already used in the network segment, the value of Number of VMs is the difference between the maximum number of VMs allowed in the IP segment and the number of used IP addresses. For example, if 80 VMs are allowed in a network segment and five IP addresses are used, the maximum number of VMs to be created is 75 (80 - 5).

  11. Click Next, the Configure VM Options page is displayed.
  12. Customize a VM naming rule or select an existing naming rule from the drop-down list.

    • Customize a VM naming rule: A VM name consists of a prefix and a number. The prefix must start with a letter or digit and contain letters, digits, and hyphen (-). The number is represented by one or multiple number signs (#). The total length of a VM name cannot exceed 15 characters.
    • Select an existing rule from the drop-down list: The naming rules in the drop-down list are defined in advanced in Desktop > Service Configuration > VM Naming Rule.
    NOTE:

    The VM naming rule specified for linked clone or full memory VMs cannot contain an AD domain account name.

  13. Set VM name prefix, that is, the prefix of created VMs that are not assigned.

    Set this parameter when VM group type is set to Full Copy.

    NOTE:

    The value contains 0 to 5 characters and comprises uppercase and lowercase letters and digits.

  14. If delegate control is not configured for the domain, you must select an OU that has been configured with delegate control.

    Set Domain name and OU name.
    • Domain name is the domain configured in advance in System > Initial Configuration > Domain/OU.
    • OU name is the VM OU name configured in advance in System > Initial Configuration > Domain/OU.
    NOTE:
    • For a QuickPrep, linked clone, or full memory template, the domain name must be the same as the domain name of the domain to which the VM template is added during the template creation.
    • If the administrator needs to perform remote assistance operations on user VMs in an OU, select an OU with remote assistance policies.
    • Administrators can perform remote assistance operations on user VMs only after users have logged in to the user VMs.

  15. Click Next.

    The Assign Desktop page is displayed.

Assign desktops.

  1. Select Desktop information.

    NOTE:

    Desktop is the desktop ID configured in advance in System > Initial Configuration > Desktop Components > Desktop Information.

  2. Create a desktop group or select an existing desktop group from the drop-down list.

    The desktop groups in the drop-down list are defined in advanced in Desktop > Desktop Group > Create Desktop Group.

    NOTE:
    • The desktop group name is 1 to 55 characters. It comprises digits, letters, spaces, and special characters ~!@%^_+-; it cannot start with !@%^.
    • You are advised to plan desktop groups according to service purposes.

      For example, if you want to allocate VMs to department A, B, and C, create desktop groups A_dept, B_dept, and C_dept.

  3. If VM group type is Full Copy, set Set assignment type, Add User, and Set User Group. If VM group type is Lined Clone or Full Memory, set Number of VMs and Add User (Group).

    If VM group type is Full Copy, you can set Add User, Set User Group, Static IP, and Computer Name in batches by importing the user list.

    NOTE:
    • If the assignment type is Multiple Users:
    • If user A has logged in to a VM, user B cannot log in to the VM.
    • If user A disconnects from a VM without logging out, user B can log in to the VM and user A will be forcibly logged out of the VM at that time.
    • If Configure user login is not selected during the template creation, the VMs cannot be assigned to users in the Users group during quick desktop provisioning.
    • In a pool desktop scenario, to ensure all users in user group A can log in to the pool desktop that is allocated to user group A, all the users must directly belong to user group A.

      For example, in a scenario where user a belongs to department A and department A belongs to department C, user a can directly log in to the pool desktop if the pool desktop is allocated to department A but cannot log in to the pool desktop if the pool desktop is allocated to department C.

    You can also go to Step 19 without setting Add User and Set User Group. If VMs need to be assigned, see Assigning VMs.

  4. Click Next.

    The Confirm page is displayed.

Provision desktops.

  1. Confirm the information on the page and click Submit.

    The system displays a message indicating that the operation is successful.

  2. Choose Task > Task Tracing.

    The Task Tracing page is displayed, showing the status of all tasks and subtasks. If the desktop provisioning fails, see Domain Control Policy and Firewall Configuration Requirements to check the domain control policy and firewall configuration.

    NOTE:

    The password of the VM user Administrator is generated by the system at random.

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Updated: 2019-04-25

Document ID: EDOC1000182394

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