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FusionAccess Desktop Solution V100R006C20 Windows Desktop Management Guide 09 (FusionSphere V100R006C10 or Earlier)

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Creating a Bare VM

Creating a Bare VM

Scenarios

Create a bare VM first before creating a VM template. You need to determine VM basic parameters, such as the operating system (OS) type and version, hardware specifications (including CPUs, memory capacity, and the number of disks and NICs), the port group that NICs belong to, the data storage type of disks, configuration mode, and capacity. After determining the basic parameters, create a bare VM on FusionCompute.

Create a bare VM on FusionCompute.

Prerequisites

  • The computing, storage, and network resources required for creating VMs are available.
  • You have logged in to FusionCompute.

Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

  1. On the FusionCompute portal, click VM and Template.
  2. Click Create VM.

    The Create VM page is displayed.

  3. Select Create VM, click Next, and set related parameters, as shown in Table 3-10.

    • You can click before a parameter name to view detailed configuration items of this parameter.
    • Configuration mode for Disks1:
      • Common: The space configured for the virtual disk is allocated and the data remaining on the physical device is zeroed out when the disk is created. It takes longer to create disks in this mode than to create disks in other modes.
      • Thin provisioning: The system allocates part of the configured disk capacity for the first time, and allocates the rest of the disk capacity based on the storage usage of the disk until all the configured disk capacity is allocated.
      • Thick provisioning lazy zeroed: The space configured for the virtual disk is allocated during the creation of the disk. The data remaining on the physical device is zeroed out only on the first data write from the VM. It takes less time to create disks in this mode than to create disks in Common mode. The I/O performance is higher than the disks in Thin provisioning mode but lower than the disks in Common mode.
    Table 3-10 VM parameter settings

    VM Type

    Category

    Description

    Full copy/QuickPrep

    Data Store Resource

    Select a data store based on the FusionCompute data plan.

    NOTE:

    If you select FusionStorage, you cannot change the storage type to Local disk when you use the template to provision VMs.

    VM Hardware Specification

    • CPU: Configure at least two CPUs for Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2012 R2 OSs. Configure at least four CPUs for the Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2016 OSs.
    • Memory: The memory size must be at least 1 GB. Configure a memory size of at least 2 GB for Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2012 R2 OSs. Configure a memory size of at least 4 GB for the Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2016 OSs.
    • Disks1:
      • Capacity: The OS is installed on the first disk by default.
      • Configuration mode: Common.

        For user disks, you are advised to set Configuration mode to Thick provisioning lazy zeroed if this optional is available.

      NOTE:

      When a full copy or QuickPrep template is used to provision a VM, add a data disk if the user to which the VM is assigned does not belong to the Administrators group.

    • NIC 1: Select a service plane distributed virtual switch (DVS) and port group for the VM.

    The quantities of Disks and NICs are 1 by default. Users can increase the quantities as required.

    Others

    If a VM BSOD occurs, you are advised to restart the VM.

    Retain the default values for other parameters.

    Linked clone

    Data Store Resource

    Select the data store that supports Thin provisioning.

    You are advised to use the high-performance storage instead of the low-performance storage, such as NL-SAS and SATA.

    NOTE:

    If you select FusionStorage, you cannot change the storage type to Local disk when you use the template to provision VMs.

    VM Hardware Specification

    • CPU: Configure at least two CPUs for Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2012 R2 OSs. Configure at least four CPUs for the Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2016 OSs.
    • Memory: The memory size must be at least 1 GB. Configure a memory size of at least 2 GB for Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2012 R2 OSs. Configure a memory size of at least 4 GB for the Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2016 OSs.
    • Disks1:
      • Capacity: The OS is installed on the first disk by default. The data on the data disk of a linked clone VM is not saved. Therefore, you do not need to add data disks when creating linked clone VMs.
      • Configuration mode: For system disks, set Configuration mode to Thin provisioning.
    • NIC 1: Select a service plane distributed virtual switch (DVS) and port group for the VM.

    The quantities of Disks and NICs are 1 by default. Users can increase the quantities as required.

    Others

    If a VM BSOD occurs, you are advised to restart the VM.

    Retain the default values for other parameters.

    NOTE:

    You are advised to set Basic Block Storage Settings to No to disable live migration.

    Full memory

    NOTE:

    Before creating a full memory VM, ensure that Special Requirements of Full Memory Desktops described in Installing Cloud Platform Software > Using FusionSphere in the FusionAccess Desktop Solution V100R006C20 Software Installation Guide are met.

    Computing Resource

    Select a cluster or host whose storage type is IOTailor.

    Data Store Resource

    VMs provisioned using a full memory template support three types of data storage

    NOTE:

    If you select FusionStorage, you cannot change the storage type to Local disk when you use the template to provision VMs.

    • SAN storage: System disks are deployed in memory. ID disks, emergency disks, templates, and data disks (if any) are deployed in Internet Protocol storage area network (IP SAN).
    • FusionStorage: System disks are deployed in memory. ID disks, emergency disks, templates, and data disks (if any) are deployed in FusionStorage.
    • Local disk: System disks are deployed in memory. ID disks, emergency disks, and templates are deployed on local disks (virtualization deployment). Data disks are not supported in this mode.

    VM Hardware Specification

    • CPU: Configure at least two CPUs for Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2012 R2 OSs. Configure at least four CPUs for the Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2016 OSs.
    • Memory: The memory size must be at least 1 GB. Configure a memory size of at least 2 GB for Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2012 R2 OSs. Configure a memory size of at least 4 GB for the Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows Server 2016 OSs.

      Set Reserved(MB) to the maximum value

    • Disks1: The OS is installed on the first disk by default. The data on the data disk of a full memory VM is not saved. Therefore, you do not need to add data disks when creating full memory VMs.
    • NIC 1: Select a service plane distributed virtual switch (DVS) and port group for the VM.

    The quantities of Disks and NICs are 1 by default. Users can increase the quantities as required.

    Others

    If a VM BSOD occurs, you are advised to restart the VM.

    Deselect Enable for Swap Partition.

    GPU passthrough/GPU hardware virtualization VMs

    Data Store Resource

    Select a data store based on the FusionCompute data plan.

    NOTE:

    If you select FusionStorage, you cannot change the storage type to Local disk when you use the template to provision VMs.

    VM Hardware Specification

    • CPU: Configure at least four CPUs for the Windows 7 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) OSs.
    • Memory: Configure a memory size of at least 4 GB for the Windows 7 (32-bit/64-bit) and Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit) OSs.

      Set Reserved(MB) to the maximum value

    • Disks1:
      • Capacity: The OS is installed on the first disk by default. Set the capacity of the first disk based on the OS size.
      • Configuration mode: Select a proper value according to the VM type and VM type in Data store.
    • NIC 1: Select a service plane distributed virtual switch (DVS) and port group for the VM.

    The quantities of Disks and NICs are 1 by default. Users can increase the quantities as required.

    Others

    If a VM BSOD occurs, you are advised to restart the VM.

    HA: Deselect Enable.

  4. Retain default values for other parameters, confirm information about the VM to be created, and create a bare VM as prompted.

    To start a VM immediately after it is created, select Start the VM after creation.

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Updated: 2019-04-25

Document ID: EDOC1000182394

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