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FusionAccess V100R006C20 Cloud Classroom Solution Product Documentation 10 (Single-Classroom Scenarios)

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Configuring Teacher's and Student's VMs

Configuring Teacher's and Student's VMs

Creating a Bare Student's VM and a Bare Teacher's VM

Scenario

Creating a bare VM is the first step for creating a VM template. You need to set basic VM parameters, such as the OS type and version, hardware specifications (CPU quantity, memory capacity, number of disks, and number of NICs), port group to which the NICs belong, disk data store type, configuration mode, and capacity. After the basic parameters are determined, create a student's VM and a teacher's VM on FusionCompute to get ready for installing the OS.

This section describes how to create a student's VM and a teacher's VM on FusionCompute.

Prerequisites
  • Computing, storage, and network resources required for VM creation are ready.
  • You have logged in to FusionCompute.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure
  1. In the navigation tree on the left, click to enter the Resource Pools page.
  2. Right-click the Resource Pools and select Create VM.

    The Create VM dialog box is displayed.

  3. Select Create VM, click Next, and set the parameters, as shown in Table 2-20.

    NOTE:

    You can click before a parameter to view detailed configuration items of this parameter.

    Table 2-20 VM parameter settings

    Category

    Description

    OS

    OS type: Windows

    NOTE:

    Select a version based on the site requirements.

    Data Store Resource

    Select a data store based on the FusionCompute data plan.

    NOTE:

    If you select FusionStorage, you cannot change the storage type to Local disk when you use the template to provision VMs.

    (Teacher's VM) VM Hardware Specification

    • CPU: 4
    • Memory: 4 GB
    • Disk 1: 50 GB
    NOTE:

    Add a data disk if the user to which the VM is assigned does not belong to the Administrators group.

    • NIC 1: Select a service plane distributed virtual switch (DVS) and port group for the user VM.

    Set Disks and NICs to 1.

    (Student's VM) VM Hardware Specification

    • CPU: 2
    • Memory: 2 GB
    • Disk 1: 30 GB
      NOTE:

      Select only the data store that supports Thin provisioning.

    • NIC 1: Select a service plane distributed virtual switch (DVS) and port group for the user VM.

    Set Disks and NICs to 1.

    Others

    Retain the default values for other parameters.

  4. Retain the default values for other parameters, confirm information about the VM to be created, and create the bare VM as prompted.

    To start a VM immediately after it is created, select Start the VM after creation On the Confirm Info page.

Installing an OS on the Bare VMs

Scenario

This section describes how to install an OS and patches, set daylight saving time (DST), and initialize disks on the bare student's VM and teacher's VM on FusionCompute.

NOTE:

This section uses the Windows 7 Professional 32-bit OS as an example.

Prerequisites
  • You have obtained the ISO file for the OS to be installed.
    NOTE:

    Obtain the Windows ISO file from official channels. Do not use an OS Ghost image that is manually simplified.

Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Mounting the OS ISO file

  1. In the navigation tree on the left, click to enter the Resource Pools page.
  2. On the VM tab, enter the search criteria and search for the newly created bare VM.
  3. Click the target VM.
  4. Click the Configuration tab and choose Hardware > CD/DVD-ROM Drive.
  5. Select Mount Local CD/DVD-ROM Drive and click Confirm.
  6. Mount ISO file to the VM. Select Restart the VM now to install the OS and click OK.
  7. On the VM tab, enter the search criteria and search for the VM that has just mounted the CD-ROM drive.
  8. Locate the row that contains the target VM, choose More> Log In Using VNC.

Installing the OS

  1. On the VM, install and configure the OS as required.

    For details about the installation procedure, see Installing a Windows OS.

  2. Uninstall the CD/DVD-ROM drive from the VM.
  3. Detaching the floppy drive.

Activating the Administrator account for the VM

  1. On the VM, click , enter the compmgmt.msc command, and press Enter.

    The Computer Management window is displayed.

  2. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Computer Management (Local) > System Tools > Local Users and Groups, and select Users.
  3. In the right pane, right-click Administrator and choose Properties from the shortcut menu.

    The Administrator Properties window is displayed.

  4. On the General tab page, deselect Account is disabled, and click OK.

    The Administrator account is activated, and its default password is empty.
    NOTE:
    • Set the password for the Administrator account and ensure that the password is not blank. Otherwise, the task fails.
    • The password must conform to the following rules:
      • Contain at least one uppercase letter (A to Z), one lowercase letter (a to z), one digit (0 to 9), one space, or one special character (~!@#$%^&*()-_=+\|{};:'",<.>/?).
      • Contain 8 to 32 characters.
      • Cannot be the same as the recent three passwords.
      • Cannot contain the username or reversed username.

  5. Click Continue.

    The Set Password for Administrator dialog box is displayed.

  6. Set the password of the Administrator account as required, confirm the password, and click OK.

    The password is set.

  7. Click OK.

    The password of the Administrator account is set successfully.

  8. Log out of the OS and log in to the VM using the Administrator account.
Configuring the remote desktop service
NOTE:

This operation ensures that the VM provisioned by using the template can be remotely accessed.

  1. On the VM, click , enter the compmgmt.msc command, and press Enter.

    The Computer Management window is displayed.

  2. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Computer Management (Local) > Services and Applications and select Services.
  3. In the list on the right, right-click Remote Desktop Services and choose Properties from the shortcut menu.

    The Remote Desktop Services Properties (Local Computer) window is displayed.

  4. On the General tab page, set Startup type to Automatic and click OK.

Configuring the VM OS

Scenario

This section describes how to configure the VM OS on the student's and teacher's VMs on FusionCompute.

NOTE:

This section uses the Windows 7 Professional 32-bit OS as an example.

Procedure

Installing the Driver Tools

  1. In the navigation tree on the left, click to enter the Resource Pools page.
  2. On the VM tab, enter the search criteria and search for the VM to be operated.
  3. Locate the row that contains the target VM, choose More > Tools > Mount Tools. A dialog box is displayed.

    Click Confirm.

  4. In the VNC window of the VM, go to the virtual CD-ROM drive directory of the VM, right-click Setup, select Run as Administrator, and install the Tools as prompted. Restart the VM.
  5. Locate the row that contains the target VM, choose More > Tools > Uninstall Tools. A dialog box is displayed.

    Click Confirm.

Copying non-ISO files

  1. Copy non-ISO files, such as OS patches, installation programs of peripheral drivers, and application software, to C:\ on the VM.

    Select applications based on Huawei FusionAccess Preferred Applications.

Installing OS patches

  1. Install OS patches based on Table 2-21, obtain OS patches based on Software Packages.

    Table 2-21 Installing OS patches

    VM OS

    Description

    Other supported OSs

    Install OS patches as required.

    NOTE:
    • If the OS patch is an .iso file, mount the CD-ROM drive and run the installation program.

      After the installation is complete, unmount the CD-ROM drive promptly. Otherwise, the CD-ROM drive cannot be mounted to another VM running on the same host.

    • If the OS patch is not an .iso file, find the patch in C:\ on the VM and run the installation program.

(Optional) Installing peripheral drivers

  1. Install peripheral drivers as required.

    Search for the peripheral driver installation programs in the C:\ directory on the VM and install them.

    NOTE:

    If a driver can be installed only when the peripheral is connected to a TC, copy the driver installation program to the VM and ask the user to install the driver when the peripheral is connected.

(Optional) Initializing the data disk

You must perform this operation when adding a data disk to a VM.

  1. On the taskbar of the VM OS, choose Start, and enter compmgmt.msc in Search programs and files to go to the Computer Management window.
  2. In the navigation pane on the left, unfold Storage, and choose Disk Management.

    The Initialize Disk window is displayed.

  3. Click OK.

    NOTE:

    If the disk to be initialized is in the Offline state, right-click the disk and choose Online from the shortcut menu, and then right-click the disk again and choose Initialize Disk.

  4. In the right area similar to Figure 2-44, right-click the disk on which no partition is created, and choose New Simple Volume from the shortcut menu.

    The New Simple Volume Wizard window is displayed.

    Figure 2-44 New Simple Volume

  5. Create simple volumes as required.

    NOTE:

    After volumes are created for a full copy template, you must manually change the drive letters. In the Disk Management window, right-click each volume, choose Change Drive Letter and Paths, and change the drive letters of data disks and CD-ROM. You are advised to change the drive letters in alphabetical order of D and E because they will be rearranged in alphabetical order after template encapsulation.

Installing Mandatory Software for Classes

Scenario

This section describes how to install the required software on teachers' and students' VMs.

NOTE:

The Mythware software must be installed first to verify the functions of the cloud classroom and then the template is cloned for backup, as the original template continues testing service software.

Procedure

Checking the firewall

  1. Check whether the OS firewall has been disabled.

    • If disabled, no further action is required.
    • If enabled, disable the OS firewall or configure the ports that need to be enabled on the OS firewall. For details about the ports, see the Electronic Classroom Protocols and Ports.

Installing the teacher's Mythware software

  1. Double-click Teacher_X.X.XXXX.exe in the teacher's software installation package obtained in Software Packages.

    The Classroom Management Setup window is displayed.

  2. Retain the default settings and click Next.

    Complete the installation of the teacher's Mythware software.

Installing the student's Mythware software

  1. Double-click Student_X.X.XXXX.exe in the student's software installation package obtained in Software Packages.

    The Classroom Management Setup window is displayed.

  2. Retain the default settings and click Next.

    Complete the installation of the student's Mythware software.

Installing the teacher's mandatory software

  • Mandatory software includes Microsoft Office and QQ Player for video playback.
  • If a teacher needs to use the export (exam results) function in the exam module, Excel must be installed.
  • If a teacher needs to use the import (exam papers) function in the exam module, Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and PDF must be installed based on the import sources.
    NOTE:
    Select one of the following installation methods based on the formats of application software:
    • If the OS patch is an .iso file, mount the CD-ROM drive and run the installation program.
    • If the OS patch is not an .iso file, search for application software in C:\ on the VM, and run the installation programs.

Creating a Template for a Teacher's VM

Scenario

This section describes how to create a VM template on the teacher's VM and install software as required on FusionCompute.

Prerequisites
  • You have obtained template tool FusionAccess_Windows_Installer_V100R006C20SPC102.iso.
  • You have logged in to the VM using the Administrator account.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Using the Template Tool to Configure the VM OS

  1. Mount FusionAccess_Windows_Installer_V100R006C20SPC102.iso to the VM.
  2. On the VM, double-click the CD/DVD-ROM.

    NOTE:

    The FusionAccess Windows Installer window is displayed after the CD-ROMs of some VMs are double-clicked.

  3. Double-click run.bat.

    The FusionAccess Windows Installer window is displayed, as shown in Figure 2-45.

    NOTE:

    On Windows 7, the system asks you to enable the .NET Framework 3.5 function. Then the tool window is displayed automatically and you do not need to restart the OS.

    Figure 2-45 FusionAccess Windows Installer

  4. Click Create Template.

    The window for creating a template is displayed.

  5. Perform operations as prompted and retain the settings of default options.

    When the window shown in Figure 2-46 appears, the installation is complete.
    NOTE:
    • During the operation, if you are prompted to restart the VM, use the administrator account to log in to the VM after the VM is restarted.
    • If an exception occurs during the restart (restart fails), manually start the VM, mount the template tool ISO file again, and go to the template tool directory to reinstall the template tool.
    Figure 2-46 Finish

Setting parameters in a cloud classroom template

  1. In the Encapsulating the VM template directory, create file MultiChannel.ini and copy the following content to the file.

    [HDPMultiChannel] 
    Policy=1 
    [HDPMultiChannel_Duplication] 
    Policy=1 
    Mode=1 
    Order=1,2,3,4
    NOTE:
    • The ProgramData directory is a hidden directory. You have to select Show hidden files, folders, and drives of the folder to display this directory.
    • If no folder named HDPServer exists, create one.

Encapsulating the VM template

  1. Click Sysprep.

    Before using Sysprep, confirm that the IP address and the DNS server address can be automatically obtained.

  2. After the template is encapsulated, click Finish.
  3. Uninstall the CD/DVD-ROM drive from the VM.
  4. Stop the VM.

Converting the VM into a template

  1. In the navigation tree on the left, click to enter the Resource Pools page.
  2. On the VM tab, enter the search criteria and search the VM to be converted to a template.
  3. Locate the row that contains the VM to be converted to a template, and choose More > Template > Convert to Template.

    A dialog box is displayed.

  4. Click OK.

Configuring the template

  1. On FusionAccess, click Desktop. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Service Configuration > VM Template.
  2. In the right pane, locate the row that contains the VM template to be provisioned, and set parameters as follows:

    • Service Type: Choose VDI.
    • Type: Choose Full Copy Template.

  3. In the displayed dialog box, click OK.

    The VM Template page is displayed.

  4. Click OK.
  5. In the displayed dialog box, click OK.

    A message is displayed indicating that the configuration is saved successfully.

  6. Click Back and check the template type.

    The template is created successfully.

Creating a Template for a Student's VM

Scenario

This section describes how to create a VM template on the student's VM as required on FusionCompute.

Prerequisites
  • You have obtained template tool FusionAccess_Windows_Installer_V100R006C20SPC102.iso.
  • You have logged in to the VM using the Administrator account.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Using the template tool to configure the VM OS

  1. Mount FusionAccess_Windows_Installer_V100R006C20SPC102.iso to the VM.
  2. On the VM, double-click the CD/DVD-ROM.

    NOTE:

    The FusionAccess Windows Installer window is displayed after the CD/DVD-ROMs of some VMs are double-clicked.

  3. Double-click run.bat.

    The FusionAccess Windows Installer window is displayed, as shown in Figure 2-47.

    NOTE:

    On Windows 7, the system asks you to enable the .NET Framework 3.5 function. Then the tool window is displayed automatically and you do not need to restart the OS.

    Figure 2-47 FusionAccess Windows Installer

  4. Click Create Template. On the displayed page, retain the default settings and click Next.
  5. On the Deployment page, select Linked clone or full memory and click Next.
  6. Retain the default settings and click Next for twice.
  7. On the Function page, select Configure user login and click Next.
  8. On the Domain Configuration page, specify information about the domain to which you want to add the VM.
  9. Click Next.
  10. On the Summary page, confirm the installation configuration and click Install.

    NOTE:
    • During the operation, if you are prompted to restart the VM, use the administrator account to log in to the VM after the VM is restarted.
    • If an exception occurs during the restart (restart fails), manually start the VM, mount the template tool ISO file again, and go to the template tool directory to reinstall the template tool.
    • During template creation, ensure that the VM can communicate with the AD server and parse the domain name of the AD server.

  11. Click Next.
  12. Click Finish when the page shown in Figure 2-48 is displayed.

    The installation is complete.

    Figure 2-48 Installation completion

  13. Install common application software for student VMs, such as Microsoft Office and a video player (QQ Player is recommended).

    NOTE:

    You must log in to the VM using the student domain account created in Creating Teacher and Student Accounts to install application software. If you use other accounts, the installed software may fail to work properly.

    Select one of the following installation methods based on the formats of application software:
    • If the OS patch is an .iso file, mount the CD-ROM drive and run the installation program.
    • If the OS patch is not an .iso file, search for application software in C:\ on the VM, and run the installation programs.

Setting parameters in a cloud classroom template

  1. In the C:\ProgramData\HDPServer directory, create file MultiChannel.ini and copy the following content into the file.

    [HDPMultiChannel]
    Policy=1
    [HDPMultiChannel_Duplication]
    Policy=1
    Mode=1
    Order=1,2,3,4
    NOTE:
    • The ProgramData directory is a hidden directory. You have to select Show hidden files, folders, and drives of the folder to display this directory.
    • If no folder named HDPServer exists, create one.

  1. Shut down the VM to complete the installation.

Converting the VM into a template

  1. In the navigation tree on the left, click to enter the Resource Pools page.
  2. On the VM tab, enter the search criteria and search the VM to be converted to a template.
  3. Locate the row that contains the VM to be converted to a template, and choose More > Template > Convert to Template.

    A dialog box is displayed.

  4. Click OK.

Configuring the template

  1. On FusionAccess, click Desktop. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Service Configuration > VM Template.
  2. In the right pane, locate the row that contains the VM template to be provisioned, and set parameters as follows:

    • Service Type: Choose VDI.
    • Type: Select Link Clone Template.

  3. Click OK.

    The VM Template page is displayed.

  4. Click OK.
  5. Click OK.

    A message is displayed indicating that the configuration is saved successfully.

  6. Click Back and check the template type.

    The template is created successfully.

Provisioning Teacher's VMs

Scenario

This section describes how to batch create multiple teacher's VMs from a VM template in Quick Provision mode.

Prerequisites
  • You have logged in to FusionAccess.
  • VM templates have been created.
  • VM users or user groups have been created.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Creating and configuring VMs

  1. On FusionAccess, click Quick Provision.

    The Create VM page is displayed.

  2. Set VM group name to the VM group created in Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group.
  3. Select the site, resource cluster, and host to which the VM to be created belongs from the Site, Resource cluster, and Host drop-down lists, respectively.
  4. Choose Local domain.

    NOTE:

    Local domain is the area to which a VM belongs. The area is configured in advance in System > Rights Management > Area Management.

  5. Click Select next to VM template.
  6. In the dialog box that is displayed, select fullcopy_template, and click OK.
  7. Use values of the following parameters in the template:

    • Number of CPUs
    • Memory size

  8. In the row of the desired disk, click the operation icon to go to the disk configuration page, as shown in Figure 2-49.

    Click Data Storage, select the data store of the local SAS disk group, and click OK. The data store is configured in Configuring Data Stores.

    Figure 2-49 Disk configuration

  9. Click Add next to NIC and configure the NIC information.

    Table 2-22 describes the principles for configuring NIC information.

    Table 2-22 Principles for configuring NIC information

    Parameter

    Configuration Principle

    Port group

    -

    Select the port group of the service plane.

    Configure different port groups for the NICs on the same VM.

    Obtain IP

    DHCP

    Do not specify VM IP addresses when creating VMs.

  10. Specify the number of VMs to be created.

    The number of VMs is a positive integer less than or equal to 100. If some allocated IP addresses in the IP address segment have been used, the maximum number of VMs is the maximum number of VMs that can be created in the IP address segment minus the number of used IP addresses. For example, if 80 VMs are allowed in a network segment and five IP addresses are used, the maximum number of VMs to be created is 75.

  11. Click Next to switch to the Configure VM Options page.
  12. Customize a VM naming rule.

    A customized VM name consists of a prefix and a number. The prefix must start with a letter or digit and contain letters, digits, and hyphen (-). The number is represented by one or more number signs (#). The total length of a VM name cannot exceed 15 characters.

  13. Set Domain name.

    Enter the value of Domain configured in System > Initial Configuration > Domain/OU.

  14. Click Next.

    The Assign Desktop page is displayed.

Assigning desktops

  1. Set Desktop.

    NOTE:

    Desktop is the desktop ID configured in advance in System > Initial Configuration > Desktop Components > Desktop Information.

  2. Select a desktop group from the desktop groups created in Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group.
  3. Configure Set assignment type and Add User, and set Set User Group to Administrators.

    You can set Add User, Set User Group, Static IP, and Computer Name in batches by importing the user list.
    NOTE:

    If Configure user login is not selected during the template creation, the VMs cannot be assigned to users in the Users group during quick desktop provisioning.

  4. Click Next.

    The Confirm page is displayed.

Provisioning desktops

  1. Confirm the information on the page and click Submit.

    The system displays a message indicating that the operation is successful.

  2. Choose Task > Task Tracing.

    The Task Tracing page is displayed, showing the status of all tasks and subtasks.

    The password of Administrator on the teacher's VM is generated by the system at random. Upon your first login, you need to change the password and select "Password never expires" to avoid login failures caused by password expiry during teacher's VM recovery.

Provisioning Student's VMs

Scenario

This section describes how to batch create multiple student's VMs from a VM template in Quick Provision mode.

Prerequisites
  • You have logged in to FusionAccess.
  • VM templates have been created.
  • VM users or user groups have been created.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Creating and configuring VMs

  1. On FusionAccess, click Quick Provision.

    The Create VM page is displayed.

  2. Set VM group name to the VM group created in Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group.
  3. Select the site, resource cluster, and host to which the VM to be created belongs from the Site, Resource cluster, and Host drop-down lists, respectively.
  4. Choose Local domain.

    NOTE:

    Local domain is the area to which a VM belongs. The area is configured in advance in System > Rights Management > Area Management.

  5. Click Select next to VM template. In the displayed dialog box, select the desired VM template and click OK.
  6. Use values of the following parameters in the template:

    • Number of CPUs
    • Memory Size
    • QoS information
    NOTE:

    During creation of student's VMs, Reserved for the memory must be set to the maximum value.

  7. In the row of the desired disk, click the operation icon to go to the disk configuration page, as shown in Figure 2-50.

    Click Data Storage, select the data store of the local SSD group, and click OK. The data store is configured in Configuring Data Stores.

    Figure 2-50 Disk configuration

  8. Click Add next to NIC and configure the NIC information.

    Table 2-23 describes the principles for configuring NIC information.

    Table 2-23 Principles for configuring NIC information

    Parameter

    Configuration Principle

    Port group

    -

    Select the port group of the service plane.

    Configure different port groups for the NICs on the same VM.

    Obtain IP

    DHCP

    Do not specify VM IP addresses when creating VMs.

  9. Specify the number of VMs to be created.

    The number of VMs is a positive integer less than or equal to 100. If some allocated IP addresses in the IP address segment have been used, the maximum number of VMs is the maximum number of VMs that can be created in the IP address segment minus the number of used IP addresses. For example, if 80 VMs are allowed in a network segment and five IP addresses are used, the maximum number of VMs to be created is 75.

  10. Click Next to switch to the Configure VM Options page.
  11. Customize a VM naming rule or select an existing rule from the drop-down list.

    • A customized VM name consists of a prefix and a number. The prefix starts with a letter or a digit. It consists of letters, digits, and hyphens (-). The VM name contains 1 to 15 characters.
    • Select an existing rule from the drop-down list: The naming rules in the drop-down list are defined in advanced in Desktop > Service Configuration > VM Naming Rule.
    NOTE:

    The VM naming rule specified for student's VMs cannot contain an AD domain account name.

  12. Set VM name prefix, that is, the prefix of created VMs that are not assigned.

    NOTE:

    It is a string of 0 to 5 characters consisting of uppercase and lowercase letters and digits.

  13. Set Domain name and OU name.

    Enter the value of Domain configured in System > Initial Configuration > Domain/OU.

    NOTE:
    • The domain name must be the same as the domain name of the domain to which the VM template is added during the template creation.
    • Software installation engineers can perform remote assistance operations on user VMs only after users have logged in to the user VMs.

  14. Click Next.

    The Assign Desktop page is displayed.

Assigning desktops

  1. Set Desktop.

    NOTE:

    Desktop is the desktop ID configured in advance in System > Initial Configuration > Desktop Components > Desktop Information.

  2. Select a desktop group from the desktop groups created in Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group.
  3. Set Number of VMs and Add User (Group).

    NOTE:

    In a pool desktop scenario, to ensure all users in user group A can log in to the pool desktop that is allocated to user group A, all the users must directly belong to user group A.

    For example, in a scenario where user a belongs to department A and department A belongs to department C, user a can directly log in to the pool desktop if the pool desktop is allocated to department A but cannot log in to the pool desktop if the pool desktop is allocated to department C.

  4. Click Next.

    The Confirm page is displayed.

Provisioning desktops

  1. Confirm the information on the page and click Submit.

    The system displays a message indicating that the operation is successful.

  2. Choose Task > Task Tracing.

    The Task Tracing page is displayed, showing the status of all tasks and subtasks.

    NOTE:

    The password of Administrator on user VMs is generated by the system at random.

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Updated: 2019-04-25

Document ID: EDOC1100010651

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