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FusionAccess V100R006C20 Cloud Classroom Solution Product Documentation 10 (Single-Classroom Scenarios)

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Configuring FusionAccess

Configuring FusionAccess

Optimizing Configuration Parameters

Scenario

This section instructs software installation engineers to optimize configuration parameters of each component of FusionAccess on the HDC server, enable Single-Account Pooled Desktop, and improve the performance of batch VM provisioning, template update, and VM shutdown restoration in the cloud class.

Data

Data needed is shown in Table 2-15.

Table 2-15 HDC account information

HDC User Name

Password

gandalf

Cloud12#$

root

Password set by the user when installing HDC

Table 2-16 lists the needed plug-in packages.

Table 2-16 Needed plug-in packages

Plug-in Package

Description

How to Obtain

FusionAccess_Plugin_V100R006C20SPC103.zip

(Mandatory) Cloud classroom installation plug-in

For enterprise users, click here.

For telecom carrier users, click here.

Procedure
  1. According to Table 2-15, log in to the HDC server as user gandalf.
  2. Run the following command and enter the password of user root as prompted to switch to user root:

    su - root

  3. Run the following command to disable user logout upon system timeout:

    TMOUT=0

  4. Run the cd /home/FusionAccess/ command and switch to the FusionAccess directory.
  5. Run the following command to automatically optimize configuration parameters of each component of FusionAccess:

    sh ConfigCloudClassroom.sh -i single

    NOTE:

    You can restore the configuration before parameter optimization by executing the sh ConfigCloudClassroom.sh -r single command as needed.

Simplifying the WI Interface

Scenario

This section describes how to simplify the WI interface by one click, so that unnecessary buttons on the interface are hidden to avoid errors caused by misoperations.

Prerequisites

Files under the CloudClassroom folder of FusionAccess_Plugin_V100R006C20SPC103 have been obtained. For details, see Software Packages.

Procedure
  1. Use PuTTY to log in to the WI server as user gandalf.
  2. Run the following command and enter the password of user root to switch to user root:

    su - root

  3. Upload the classroom.sh file obtained from the CloudClassroom folder to the /opt/WI/script/ directory on the WI server.
  4. Run the command for hiding operation buttons on the WI interface.

    1. Run the following script:

      sh /opt/WI/script/classroom.sh

      After the script is executed, the Huawei Cloud Classroom Standalone Software License Agreement is displayed. Read it carefully. The file is stored in the CloudClassroom folder and named HuaweiCloud Classroom Standalone Software License Agreement.

      • If you agree with the agreement, press y to continue.
      • If you disagree, press n to terminate the operation.
      Do you accept the Huawei Cloud Classroom Standalone Software License Aggreement? (y/n) y
    2. If configure successfully! is displayed on the page, the operation is performed successfully. Figure 2-25 and Figure 2-26 provide examples before and after the hiding.
    Figure 2-25 Before the hiding
    Figure 2-26 After the hiding

Creating Teacher and Student Accounts

Scenario

This section describes how to create domain users on FusionAccess so that users can log in to desktops using domain accounts.

Prerequisites
  • You have configured the LiteAD domain in Domain/OU.
  • The system administrator has the domain controller management permission.
  • You have logged in to FusionAccess.
Data

Table 2-17 describes the data required for performing this operation.

Table 2-17 Data required for performing this operation

Category

Parameter

Description

Example Value

Domain user information

Domain user account and password

The domain user account consists of digits, letters, hyphens (-), and underscores (_), and can contain a maximum of 20 characters.

The password must conform to the following rules:

  • Contain at least one uppercase letter (A to Z), one lowercase letter (a to z), one digit (0 to 9), one space, or one special character (~!@#$%^&*()-_=+\|{};:'",<.>/?).
  • Follows principles in the password policy.

Username:

testuser01

Password:

Huawei@123

Procedure

Creating a user

  1. Choose System > Domain Controller Management > Domain User Management.
  2. Click Create User. The domain user creation page is displayed, as shown in Figure 2-27.

    Figure 2-27 Creating a user

  3. Configure information about the domain user to be created based on Table 2-18.

    Table 2-18 User information

    Category

    Description

    Username

    Enter the name of the domain user.

    Password

    Enter the password of the domain user.

    Confirm

    Enter the password of the domain user again.

    Account Options

    • User must change password at next logon: If this option is selected, User cannot change password and Password never expires cannot be selected.
    • User cannot change password: If this option is selected, User must change password at next logon cannot be selected.
    • Password never expires: If this option is selected, User must change password at next logon cannot be selected.
    • Account is disabled: If this option is selected, the user is locked and no account expiration time can be set.
    NOTE:

    Select Password never expires and User cannot change password.

    Account Expires

    • Never: If this option is selected, no account expiration time can be set.
    • End of: If this option is selected, Never cannot be selected. The configured time must be later than or the same as the current time.
      NOTE:

      Select.

    User Group

    Set the group to which a user belongs.

    NOTE:

    By default, domain users are added to group Domain Users of the AD. This domain user group cannot be removed.

    Mailbox

    Set an email address. Only one email address is supported.

    Description

    Set domain user description.

  4. Click OK to save the creation.
  5. Create a teacher account using the same configurations.

Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group

Scenario

This section describes how to create a VM group and a desktop group on FusionAccess to manage VMs in different VM groups in a unified manner.

Prerequisites

You have logged in to FusionAccess.

Procedure

Creating a VM group

  1. On FusionAccess, choose Desktop.
  2. In the navigation pane on the left, click VM Group.
  3. In the right pane, click Create VM Group.

    The VM Group page is displayed.

  4. Set necessary parameters and click Finish, as shown in Figure 2-28.

    The system displays a message indicating that the VM group is created successfully.

    Figure 2-28 Creating a VM group
    • Service type: Select VDI.
    • VM group name: Set this parameter as planned.
    • VM group type:
      • Teacher's VM: Select Full Copy.
      • Student's VM: Select Linked Clone.

  5. To view information about the newly created VM group, click Return to VM Group List.

Creating a student desktop group

  1. On FusionAccess, choose Desktop.
  2. In the navigation pane on the left, click Desktop Group.
  3. In the right pane, click Create Desktop Group.

    The Create Desktop Group page is displayed.

  4. Set the required parameters and click Finish, as shown in Figure 2-29.

    The student desktop group is created.

    When creating a student desktop group, you need to select Support System Restoration and set Prestarted in peak time and Prestarted in off-peak time to the number of VMs used in the classroom, for example, 65 if the desktop group provisions 65 student VMs.

    Figure 2-29 Student desktop group

    The parameters are as follows:

    • Desktop: Set this parameter as planned.
    • Desktop group name: This parameter is user-defined.
    • Desktop group type: Select Dynamic Pool.
    • VM Type: Select Linked Clone.
    • Desktop group VM action: Select Support System Restoration.
    • Maximum supported VMs: Set this parameter as planned.

Creating a teacher desktop group

  1. In the right pane, click Create Desktop Group.

    The Create Desktop Group page is displayed.

  2. Set the required parameters and click Finish, as shown in Figure 2-30.

    The teacher desktop group is created.

    Figure 2-30 Teacher desktop group

Configuring Policies

Scenario

This section describes how to configure the session, duplicate display, and peripheral policies on FusionAccess.

  • Session policy: After this policy is enabled, the system will automatically disconnect the VM when the VM is locked for a certain period of time. Resources of the VM are allocated to other users, which improves resource utilization.
  • Duplicate display policy: After the policy is enabled, the teacher can initiate a duplicate display request on the teacher's VM to display his or her screen to all students, or allow a student to display his or her screen to other students and the teacher.
  • Peripheral policy: After this policy is enabled, teachers and students can use external devices, such as USB flash drives, to facilitate teaching. Exercise caution when enabling this policy for students.
Prerequisites

You have logged in to FusionAccess.

Procedure
  1. Perform the following operations based on the policy type and object:

    • (Mandatory) Configuring the duplicate display and peripheral policy on teachers' VMs, go to Step 2.
    • (Mandatory) Configuring the duplicate display policy on students' VMs, go to Step 13.
    • (Optional) Configuring a session policy for the student desktop group, go to Step 22.

Configuring the duplicate display and peripheral policies on teachers' VMs

  1. On FusionAccess, click Desktop.
  2. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Policy Management > Create Policy Group.
  3. On the Create Policy Group page, set a value for Policy Group Name, retain the default values for other parameters, and click Next.
  4. On the Specify Policies page, click Display.
  5. Set Duplicate Display to Enable, and click Show Advanced Settings.
  6. Set Duplicate Display Mode to One-to-Many, as shown in Figure 2-31.

    Figure 2-31 Duplicate display

  7. On the Specify Policies page, click Peripherals.
  8. In the USB Port Redirection area, enable the Main Switch. USB port redirection to teacher VMs are enabled by default. See Figure 2-32.

    Figure 2-32 USB port redirection

  9. Click Next. The Specify Target page is displayed. Select the desired desktop group and click Query.
  10. Select the teacher desktop group and click .
  11. Click Save.

    In the displayed dialog box, click Confirm.

Configuring the duplicate display policy on students' VMs

  1. On FusionAccess, click Desktop.
  2. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Policy Management > Create Policy Group.
  3. On the Create Policy Group page, set a value for Policy Group Name, retain the default values for other parameters, and click Next.
  4. On the Specify Policies page, click Display.
  5. Set Duplicate Display to Enable, and click Show Advanced Settings.
  6. Set Duplicate Display Mode to One-to-Many, as shown in Figure 2-33.

    Figure 2-33 Duplicate display

  7. Click Next.

    Specify the student desktop group as the target to which the policy applies.

  8. Click Save.

    Apply the settings to the new dynamic pool.

  9. Click Save.

    The configuration is complete.

Configuring a session policy for the student desktop group

NOTE:

If resources need to be reused on students' VMs, configure a session policy. You are advised to set the screen lock waiting duration to one-class duration.

  1. On FusionAccess, click Desktop.
  2. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Policy Management > Create Policy Group.
  3. On the Create Policy Group page, set a value for Policy Group Name, retain the default values for other parameters, and click Next.
  4. On the Specify Policies page, click Session and configure the session policy according to Figure 2-34.

    Figure 2-34 Creating a policy group

  5. Click Next.

    Specify the student desktop group as the target to which the policy applies.

  6. Click Save.

    Apply the settings to the new dynamic pool.

  7. Click Save.

    The configuration is complete.

Configuring Dynamic Pool Bind Time

Scenario

This section describes how to configure Dynamic Pool Bind Time for a VM on FusionAccess to ensure that the VM is bound to the current user within a specified period after the VM is shut down, restarted, or deregistered.

Prerequisites

You have logged in to FusionAccess.

Procedure
  1. On FusionAccess, choose System > Initial Configuration > Desktop Components.
  2. On the Desktop Component page, click .
  3. On the page that is displayed, you are advised to set Dynamic Pool bind time (Min) to 5 as shown in Figure 2-35.

    Figure 2-35 Desktop Component

  4. Click OK.

    The binding time is set.

Periodically Restoring VMs

Scenario

This section describes how to create a scheduled task on FusionAccess to periodically shut down the VMs and clear the personal settings on the VMs.

Prerequisites

You have logged in to FusionAccess.

Data

For required parameters, see specific procedures.

Procedure
  1. On FusionAccess, choose Task > Scheduled Task > Shut Down VM, as shown in Figure 2-36.

    Figure 2-36 Shut Down VM

  2. In the displayed dialog box, input Task name and set Triggering mode to By week.
  3. Set the following parameters based on the site requirements, as shown in Figure 2-37. Then, click Next.

    Figure 2-37 Set Triggering Time
    • Triggering mode: Select By week, and then select Monday to Friday.
    • Start Time: Set this parameter based on the site requirements.
    • End mode: Select Manually Stop.
    • Advanced Settings: Do not select Repeat Task Execution.

  4. Set Select Mode to Desktop Group, and select the student desktop group that requires periodic VM restoration.

    NOTE:

    Periodic VM restoration needs to be configured only for the desktop group to which student VMs belong.

  5. Click Next.
  6. Select VMs in the running state and VMs that have been in the stopping state for N hours in Policy Group 1. See Figure 2-38.

    Figure 2-38 Periodically restoring VMs

  7. Click Submit.

    NOTE:

    If student VMs are frequently used, it is recommended that VMs be shut down at 12:00 o'clock to restore VMs that have been used in the morning.

Configuring a Password Policy

Scenario

This section guides administrators to adjust the FusionCompute password policy to prevent password loss caused by password expiry. It is recommended that the validity period of passwords be set to permanent.

Procedure
  1. Log in to FusionAccess using the default account.

    On FusionAccess, choose System > Rights Management > Password Policy.

    The Password Policy page is displayed, on which you can check the current password policies.

  2. Change the value of Password validity (Days) to 0 and set the password to be permanently valid, as shown in Figure 2-39.

    Figure 2-39 Password policy

  3. Click Save.

    After the The password policy is saved successfully. is displayed, click Back.

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Updated: 2019-04-25

Document ID: EDOC1100010651

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