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FusionAccess V100R006C20 Cloud Classroom Solution Product Documentation 10 (Single-Classroom Scenarios)

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Configuring Teacher's and Student's VMs

Configuring Teacher's and Student's VMs

Creating a Bare Student's VM and a Bare Teacher's VM

Scenario

Creating a bare VM is the first step for creating a VM template. You need to set basic VM parameters, such as the OS type and version, hardware specifications (CPU quantity, memory capacity, number of disks, and number of NICs), port group to which the NICs belong, disk data store type, configuration mode, and capacity. After the basic parameters are determined, create a student's VM and a teacher's VM on FusionCompute to get ready for installing the OS.

This section describes how to create a student's VM and a teacher's VM on FusionCompute.

Prerequisites
  • Computing, storage, and network resources required for VM creation are ready.
  • You have logged in to FusionCompute.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure
  1. On FusionCompute, choose VM and Template.
  2. Click Create VM.

    The Create VM page is displayed.

  3. Select Create VM, click Next, and set the parameters, as shown in Table 3-20.

    NOTE:

    You can click before a parameter to view detailed configuration items of this parameter.

    Table 3-20 VM parameter settings

    Category

    Description

    OS

    • OS type: Windows
    • Versions: Windows 7 Professional 32bit
    NOTE:

    Select a version based on the site requirements.

    Data Store Resource

    Select a data store based on the FusionCompute data plan.

    NOTE:

    If you select FusionStorage, you cannot change the storage type to Local disk when you use the template to provision VMs.

    OS

    • OS type: Windows
    • Version: Windows 7 Professional 32-bit
    NOTE:

    Select a version based on the site requirements.

    (Teacher's VM) VM Hardware Specification

    • CPU: 4
    • Memory: 4 GB
    • Disk 1: 50 GB
    NOTE:

    Add a data disk if the user to which the VM is assigned does not belong to the Administrators group.

    • NIC 1: Select a service plane distributed virtual switch (DVS) and port group for the user VM.

    Set Disks and NICs to 1.

    (Student's VM) VM Hardware Specification

    • CPU: 2
    • Memory: 2 GB
    • Disk 1: 30 GB
      NOTE:

      Select only the data store that supports Thin provisioning.

    • NIC 1: Select a service plane distributed virtual switch (DVS) and port group for the user VM.

    Set Disks and NICs to 1.

    Others

    Deselect Enable for Swap Partition.

  4. Retain the default values for other parameters, confirm information about the VM to be created, and create the bare VM as prompted.

    To start a VM immediately after it is created, select Start the VM after creation On the Confirm Info page.

Installing an OS on the Bare VMs

Scenario

This section describes how to install an OS and patches, set daylight saving time (DST), and initialize disks on the bare student's VM and teacher's VM on FusionCompute.

NOTE:

This section uses the Windows 7 Professional 32-bit OS as an example.

Prerequisites
  • You have obtained the ISO file for the OS to be installed.
    NOTE:

    Obtain the Windows ISO file from official channels. Do not use an OS Ghost image that is manually simplified.

  • You have logged in to FusionCompute.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Mounting the OS ISO file

  1. On FusionCompute, choose VM and Template.
  2. Click the name of the bare VM created in 3.2.8.1-6.
  3. Choose Hardware > CD/DVD-ROM drive > Mount Local CD/DVD-ROM Drive, and click OK.
  4. Mount the ISO file to a VM. Select Restart the VM now to install the OS, and click Confirm.
  5. In the VM and Template list, locate the row where the newly created bare VM is located, and click Log In Using VNC.

Installing the OS

  1. On the VM, install and configure the OS as required.

    For details about the installation procedure, see Installing a Windows OS.

  2. Uninstall the CD/DVD-ROM drive from the VM.

Activating the Administrator account for the VM

  1. On the VM, click , enter the compmgmt.msc command, and press Enter.

    The Computer Management window is displayed.

  2. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Computer Management (Local) > System Tools > Local Users and Groups, and select Users.
  3. In the right pane, right-click Administrator and choose Properties from the shortcut menu.

    The Administrator Properties window is displayed.

  4. On the General tab page, deselect Account is disabled, and click OK.

    The Administrator account is activated, and its default password is empty.
    NOTE:
    • Set the password for the Administrator account and ensure that the password is not blank. Otherwise, the task fails.
    • The password must conform to the following rules:
      • Contain at least one uppercase letter (A to Z), one lowercase letter (a to z), one digit (0 to 9), one space, or one special character (~!@#$%^&*()-_=+\|{};:'",<.>/?).
      • Contain 8 to 32 characters.
      • Cannot be the same as the recent three passwords.
      • Cannot contain the username or reversed username.

  5. Click Continue.

    The Set Password for Administrator dialog box is displayed.

  6. Set the password of the Administrator account as required, confirm the password, and click OK.

    The password is set.

  7. Click OK.

    The password of the Administrator account is set successfully.

  8. Log out of the OS and log in to the VM using the Administrator account.
Configuring the remote desktop service
NOTE:

This operation ensures that the VM provisioned by using the template can be remotely accessed.

  1. On the VM, click , enter the compmgmt.msc command, and press Enter.

    The Computer Management window is displayed.

  2. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Computer Management (Local) > Services and Applications and select Services.
  3. In the list on the right, right-click Remote Desktop Services and choose Properties from the shortcut menu.

    The Remote Desktop Services Properties (Local Computer) window is displayed.

  4. On the General tab page, set Startup type to Automatic and click OK.

Configuring the VM OS

Scenario

This section describes how to configure the VM OS on the student's and teacher's VMs on FusionCompute.

NOTE:

This section uses the Windows 7 Professional 32-bit OS as an example.

Procedure

Installing the Driver Tools

  1. On FusionCompute, choose VM and Template.
  2. Locate the row that contains the target VM, choose More > Mount Tools, and click OK twice.
  3. Go to the VM CD-ROM directory. Right-click Setup and choose Run as administrator from the shortcut menu. Install the software as prompted. During the installation, retain the default settings.
  4. After the software is installed, restart the VM once or twice as prompted, and then log in to the VM using the Administrator account.
  5. On FusionCompute, locate the row that contains the target VM, and choose More > Unmount Tools to uninstall the CD-ROM drive.

Copying non-ISO files

  1. Copy non-ISO files, such as OS patches, installation programs of peripheral drivers, and application software, to C:\ on the VM.

    Select applications based on Huawei FusionAccess Preferred Applications.

(Optional) Configuring DST

Perform this operation only for regions that use DST.

  1. Configure the DST.

    • If your OS supports the DST, perform the following steps:
      1. On the VM, click the Date and Time area on the taskbar. In the dialog box that appears, click Change date and time settings.
      2. Click Change time zone.
      3. On the Time Zone Settings page, select a time zone based on the actual region and click OK twice.
        NOTE:

        If Automatically adjust clock for Daylight Saving Time is displayed on the Time Zone Settings page, select it.

Installing OS patches

  1. Install OS patches based on Table 3-21.

    NOTE:

    Obtain OS patches based on Software Packages.

    • If the OS patch is an .iso file, mount the CD-ROM drive and run the installation program.

      After the installation is complete, unmount the CD-ROM drive promptly. Otherwise, the CD-ROM drive cannot be mounted to another VM running on the same host.

    • If the OS patch is not an .iso file, find the patch in C:\ on the VM and run the installation program.
    Table 3-21 Installing OS patches

    VM OS

    Description

    Other supported OSs

    Install OS patches as required.

(Optional) Installing peripheral drivers

  1. Install peripheral drivers as required.

    Search for the peripheral driver installation programs in the C:\ directory on the VM and install them.

    NOTE:

    If a driver can be installed only when the peripheral is connected to a TC, copy the driver installation program to the VM and ask the user to install the driver when the peripheral is connected.

(Optional) Initializing the data disk

You must perform this operation when adding a data disk to a VM.

  1. On the taskbar of the VM OS, choose Start, and enter compmgmt.msc in Search programs and files to go to the Computer Management window.
  2. In the navigation pane on the left, unfold Storage, and choose Disk Management.

    The Initialize Disk window is displayed.

  3. Click OK.

    NOTE:

    If the disk to be initialized is in the Offline state, right-click the disk and choose Online from the shortcut menu, and then right-click the disk again and choose Initialize Disk.

  4. In the right area similar to Figure 3-46, right-click the disk on which no partition is created, and choose New Simple Volume from the shortcut menu.

    The New Simple Volume Wizard window is displayed.

    Figure 3-46 New Simple Volume

  5. Create simple volumes as required.

    NOTE:

    After volumes are created for a full copy template, you must manually change the drive letters. In the Disk Management window, right-click each volume, choose Change Drive Letter and Paths, and change the drive letters of data disks and CD-ROM. You are advised to change the drive letters in alphabetical order of D and E because they will be rearranged in alphabetical order after template encapsulation.

Installing Mandatory Software for Classes

Scenario

This section describes how to install the required software on teachers' and students' VMs.The software installation process is shown in Figure 3-47.

Figure 3-47 Course software installation flow chart
NOTE:
  1. Mythware must be installed as the first software of the template to verify the cloud class functions.
  2. After each application software is installed, you are advised to clone the VM and test the encapsulation template and functions. Install the next application software after the function test is normal.Back up the software installed in the template and perform the test step by step to ensure that the template can be quickly located if any error occurs.
  3. Operations of cloning the VM are shown as below.
    1. Locate the row that contains the VM to be cloned, choose More > Power off, click Next, and click Finish to power off the VM.
    2. In the row that contains the VM to be cloned, choose Operation > More > Clone VM and click Next as prompted. Then click Finish to perform the clone VM operation.

      You can check the progress of VM clone in the task center.

    3. In the row that contains the cloned VM, choose Operation > Power off, and power off the VM as prompted.
  4. For details about how to encapsulate a template, see Creating a Template for a Teacher's VM.
  5. For the function test, please contact Huawei engineers for document.
Procedure

Checking the firewall

  1. Check whether the OS firewall has been disabled.

    • If disabled, no further action is required.
    • If enabled, disable the OS firewall or configure the ports that need to be enabled on the OS firewall. For details about the ports, see the Electronic Classroom Protocols and Ports.

Installing the teacher's Mythware software

  1. Double-click Teacher_X.X.XXXX.exe in the teacher's software installation package obtained in Software Packages.

    The Classroom Management Setup window is displayed.

  2. Retain the default settings and click Next.

    Complete the installation of the teacher's Mythware software.

Installing the student's Mythware software

  1. Double-click Student_X.X.XXXX.exe in the student's software installation package obtained in Software Packages.

    The Classroom Management Setup window is displayed.

  2. Retain the default settings and click Next.

    Complete the installation of the student's Mythware software.

Installing mandatory software

  • Mandatory software includes Microsoft Office and QQ Player for video playback.
  • If a teacher needs to use the export (exam results) function in the exam module, Excel must be installed.
  • If a teacher needs to use the import (exam papers) function in the exam module, Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and PDF must be installed based on the import sources.
    NOTE:
    Select one of the following installation methods based on the formats of application software:
    • If the OS patch is an .iso file, mount the CD-ROM drive and run the installation program.
    • If the OS patch is not an .iso file, search for application software in C:\ on the VM, and run the installation programs.

Creating a Template for a Teacher's VM

Scenario

This section describes how to create a VM template on the teacher's VM and install software as required on FusionCompute.

Prerequisites
  • You have obtained template tool FusionAccess_Windows_Installer_V100R006C20SPC102.iso.
  • You have logged in to the VM using the Administrator account.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Using the Template Tool to Configure the VM OS

  1. Mount FusionAccess_Windows_Installer_V100R006C20SPC102.iso to the VM.
  2. On the VM, double-click the CD/DVD-ROM.

    NOTE:

    The FusionAccess Windows Installer window is displayed after the CD-ROMs of some VMs are double-clicked.

  3. Double-click run.bat.

    The FusionAccess Windows Installer window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-48.

    NOTE:

    On Windows 7, the system asks you to enable the .NET Framework 3.5 function. Then the tool window is displayed automatically and you do not need to restart the OS.

    Figure 3-48 FusionAccess Windows Installer

  4. Click Create Template.

    The window for creating a template is displayed.

  5. Perform operations as prompted and retain the settings of default options.

    When the window shown in Figure 3-49 appears, the installation is complete.
    NOTE:
    • During the operation, if you are prompted to restart the VM, use the administrator account to log in to the VM after the VM is restarted.
    • If an exception occurs during the restart (restart fails), manually start the VM, mount the template tool ISO file again, and go to the template tool directory to reinstall the template tool.
    Figure 3-49 Finish

Setting parameters in a cloud classroom template

  1. In the C:\ProgramData\HDPServer directory, create file MultiChannel.ini and copy the following content into the file.

    [HDPMultiChannel]
    Policy=1
    [HDPMultiChannel_Duplication]
    Policy=1
    Mode=1
    Order=1,2,3,4
    NOTE:
    • The ProgramData directory is a hidden directory. You have to select Show hidden files, folders, and drives of the folder to display this directory.
    • If no folder named HDPServer exists, create one.

Encapsulating the VM template

  1. Click Sysprep.

    Before using Sysprep, confirm that the IP address and the DNS server address can be automatically obtained.

  2. After the template is encapsulated, click Finish.
  3. Uninstall the CD/DVD-ROM drive from the VM.
  4. Stop the VM.

Converting the VM into a template

  1. On FusionCompute, choose VM and Template > VM.
  2. In the row that contains the VM to be converted, click More > Convert to Template.

    A prompt box is displayed.

  3. Click OK.

Configuring the template

  1. On FusionAccess, click Desktop. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Service Configuration > VM Template.
  2. In the right pane, locate the row that contains the VM template to be provisioned, and set parameters as follows:

    • Service Type: Choose VDI.
    • Type: Choose Full Copy Template.

  3. In the displayed dialog box, click OK.

    The VM Template page is displayed.

  4. Click OK.
  5. In the displayed dialog box, click OK.

    A message is displayed indicating that the configuration is saved successfully.

  6. Click Back and check the template type.

    The template is created successfully.

Creating a Template for a Student's VM

Scenario

This section describes how to create a VM template on the student's VM as required on FusionCompute.

Prerequisites
  • You have obtained template tool FusionAccess_Windows_Installer_V100R006C20SPC102.iso.
  • You have logged in to the VM using the Administrator account.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Using the template tool to configure the VM OS

  1. Mount FusionAccess_Windows_Installer_V100R006C20SPC102.iso to the VM.
  2. On the VM, double-click the CD/DVD-ROM.

    NOTE:

    The FusionAccess Windows Installer window is displayed after the CD/DVD-ROMs of some VMs are double-clicked.

  3. Double-click run.bat.

    The FusionAccess Windows Installer window is displayed, as shown in Figure 3-50.

    NOTE:

    On Windows 7, the system asks you to enable the .NET Framework 3.5 function. Then the tool window is displayed automatically and you do not need to restart the OS.

    Figure 3-50 FusionAccess Windows Installer

  4. Click Create Template. On the displayed page, retain the default settings and click Next.
  5. On the Deployment page, select Linked clone or full memory and click Next.
  6. Retain the default settings and click Next for twice.
  7. On the Function page, select Configure user login and click Next.
  8. On the Domain Configuration page, specify information about the domain to which you want to add the VM.

    NOTE:

    You are advised to set Local user group to Users. If students need the VM administrator permission, select Administrators.

  9. Click Next.
  10. On the Summary page, confirm the installation configuration and click Install.

    NOTE:
    • During the operation, if you are prompted to restart the VM, use the administrator account to log in to the VM after the VM is restarted.
    • If an exception occurs during the restart (restart fails), manually start the VM, mount the template tool ISO file again, and go to the template tool directory to reinstall the template tool.
    • During template creation, ensure that the VM can communicate with the AD server and parse the domain name of the AD server.

  11. Click Next.
  12. Click Finish when the page shown in Figure 3-51 is displayed.

    The installation is complete.

    Figure 3-51 Installation completion

Setting the startup type of Windows Defender to manual startup

  1. Right-click on the task bar and click Start Task Manager.
  2. Switch to the Services tab.
  3. In the lower right corner of the Services page, click Services.
  4. In the displayed Services window, right-click on Windows Defender and choose Properties from the shortcut menu.

    The Windows Defender Properties (Local Computer) window is displayed.

  5. Select Manual from the Startup type drop-down list.

Setting the startup type of Windows Firewall to manual startup

  1. Set the startup type of Windows Firewall to manual startup by referring to Step 13 through Step 17.

Disabling WinSAT

  1. Right-click My Computer and choose Manage from the shortcut menu.

    The Computer Management window is displayed.

  2. In the navigation tree on the left, choose System Tools > Task Scheduler > Task Scheduler Library > Microsoft > Windows > Maintenance to check the status of WinSAT.
  3. If WinSAT is disabled, the Windows system assessment service is disabled. See Figure 3-52. If WinSAT is not disabled, right-click WinSAT and select Disabled from the shortcut menu.

    Figure 3-52 Disabling WinSAT

  4. Uninstall the CD/DVD-ROM drive from the VM.
  5. Stop the VM.

    Before stopping the VM, confirm that the IP address and the DNS server address can be automatically obtained.

Setting parameters in a cloud classroom template

  1. In the C:\ProgramData\HDPServer directory, create file MultiChannel.ini and copy the following content into the file.

    [HDPMultiChannel]
    Policy=1
    [HDPMultiChannel_Duplication]
    Policy=1
    Mode=1
    Order=1,2,3,4
    NOTE:
    • The ProgramData directory is a hidden directory. You have to select Show hidden files, folders, and drives of the folder to display this directory.
    • If no folder named HDPServer exists, create one.

Converting the VM into a template

  1. On FusionCompute, choose VM and Template > VM.
  2. In the row that contains the VM to be converted, click More > Convert to Template.

    A prompt box is displayed.

  3. Click OK.
(Optional) Enabling the iCache function

This operation needs to be performed only on linked clone VM templates.

After the iCache function is enabled on a VM, the system stores frequently accessed data in the iCache to increase the data access rate. Enable the iCache function only when the VM requires this function.
  • The iCache function takes effect only after it is enabled for the template and the VM created from this template is running on the host that provides the iCache function.
  • The iCache function can be configured only when the data storage type is NAS, Virtual local disk, or LUN Pome. This function cannot be configured if the storage type is FusionStorage.
  1. On FusionCompute, choose VM and Template > Template.
  2. Locate the row that contains the new template, and choose More > Configure iCache.

    The Configure iCache page is displayed.

    NOTE:

    If the physical memory required by iCache is not configured on the host or the host is abnormal, the host cannot be selected.

  3. In the host list, select a host that can provide memory resources for the iCache function and click OK.

    You can view the iCache configuration progress on the Task Center page.

Configuring the template

  1. On FusionAccess, click Desktop. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Service Configuration > VM Template.
  2. In the right pane, locate the row that contains the VM template to be provisioned, and set parameters as follows:

    • Service Type: Choose VDI.
    • Type: Select the corresponding template type.

  3. Click OK.

    The VM Template page is displayed.

  4. Click OK.
  5. Click OK.

    A message is displayed indicating that the configuration is saved successfully.

  6. Click Back and check the template type.

    The template is created successfully.

Checking AD Group Policies

Scenarios

This section describes how to configure AD group policies on the Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) management server in the following scenarios.

  • The group policies for changing the password of a machine account need to be disabled in student's VM template creation scenarios.
  • If you select Configure user login when creating a template using the template tool, you need to configure the Allow log on locally policy.
NOTE:
  • By default, only users or user groups that have been added to the local administrator group can log in to the VMs. In this scenario, selecting Configure user login indicates that users (including domain users) in the Users group can log in to the VMs. You need to configure the Allow log on locally policy for the AD server to make the login policy take effect.
  • After the local login group policy is configured, FusionCompute administrators may log in to any VMs in the system through the VNC by using any domain account.
Prerequisites

You have obtained the domain administrator account and password for logging in to the RSAT management server in the user domain.

Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Disable machine account password changing.

  • Perform this operation in student's VM template creation scenarios to prevent VMs from being removed from domains and ensure successful system restoration.
  • The machine account password is used to establish a secure channel between the VM and domain controller. Disabling the machine account password results in security risks.
  1. Log in to the RSAT management server as a domain administrator.
  2. On the menu bar, click and choose Administrative Tools > Group Policy Management.

    The Group Policy Management window is displayed.

  3. In the navigation tree, choose Lin:User domain name > Domains > User domain name > Group policy objects, as shown in Figure 3-53.

    Figure 3-53 Group policy objects

  4. Right-click Default Domain Policy and choose Edit.

    The Group Policy Management Editor window is displayed.

  5. In the navigation tree, choose Computer Configuration > Policies > Windows Settings > Security Settings > Local Policies > Security Options.
  6. In the right pane, view and record the values of Domain member: Disable machine account password changes and Domain controller: Refuse machine account password changes in the Policy Setting row.

    • If Policy Setting is set to Not Defined, go to Step 7.
    • If Policy Setting has been set but some values are not Enabled, set all the values to Enabled, go to Step 7.
    • If Policy Setting has been set and all the values are Enabled, go to Step 7.

    Check the Allow log on locally policy of the AD server.

  7. Perform the following operation during template creation, as shown in Figure 3-54:

    • If Configure user login is selected, go to Step 8.
    • If Configure user login is deselected, no further operation is required.
    Figure 3-54 Configuring user login

  8. In the navigation tree, choose Computer Configuration > Policies > Windows Settings > Security Settings > Local Policies > User Rights Assignment. For details, see Step 1 to Step 5.
  9. In the list on the right, view and record the value of Policy Setting in the Allow log on locally row.

    • If Policy Setting is set to Not Defined, no further operation is required.
    • If Policy Setting has been set but the value does not include the Users group, add the Users group to the value.
    • If Policy Setting has been set but the value includes the Users group, no further operation is required.

Provisioning Teacher's VMs

Scenario

This section describes how to batch create multiple teacher's VMs from a VM template in Quick Provision mode.

Prerequisites
  • You have logged in to FusionAccess.
  • VM templates have been created.
  • VM users or user groups have been created.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Creating and configuring VMs

  1. On FusionAccess, click Quick Provision.

    The Create VM page is displayed.

  2. Set VM group name to the VM group created in Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group.
  3. Select the site, resource cluster, and host to which the VM to be created belongs from the Site, Resource cluster, and Host drop-down lists, respectively.
  4. Choose Local domain.

    NOTE:

    Local domain is the area to which a VM belongs. The area is configured in advance in System > Rights Management > Area Management.

  5. Click Select next to VM template.
  6. In the dialog box that is displayed, select fullcopy_template, and click OK.
  7. Use values of the following parameters in the template:

    • Number of CPUs
    • Memory size
    • Number of disks and disk information

  8. In GPU, select none to provision common VMs.
  9. Click Add next to NIC and configure the NIC information.

    Table 3-22 describes the principles for configuring NIC information.

    Table 3-22 Principles for configuring NIC information

    Parameter

    Configuration Principle

    Port group

    -

    Select the port group of the service plane.

    Configure different port groups for the NICs on the same VM.

    Obtain IP

    DHCP

    Do not specify VM IP addresses when creating VMs.

  10. Specify the number of VMs to be created.

    The number of VMs is a positive integer less than or equal to 100. If some allocated IP addresses in the IP address segment have been used, the maximum number of VMs is the maximum number of VMs that can be created in the IP address segment minus the number of used IP addresses. For example, if 80 VMs are allowed in a network segment and five IP addresses are used, the maximum number of VMs to be created is 75.

  11. Click Next to switch to the Configure VM Options page.
  12. Customize a VM naming rule.

    A customized VM name consists of a prefix and a number. The prefix must start with a letter or digit and contain letters, digits, and hyphen (-). The number is represented by one or more number signs (#). The total length of a VM name cannot exceed 15 characters.

  13. Set Domain name.

    Enter the value of Domain configured in System > Initial Configuration > Domain/OU.

  14. Click Next.

    The Assign Desktop page is displayed.

Assigning desktops

  1. Set Desktop.

    NOTE:

    Desktop is the desktop ID configured in advance in System > Initial Configuration > Desktop Components > Desktop Information.

  2. Select a desktop group from the desktop groups created in Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group.
  3. Configure Set assignment type and Add User, and set Set User Group to Administrators.

    You can set Add User, Set User Group, Static IP, and Computer Name in batches by importing the user list.
    NOTE:

    If Configure user login is not selected during the template creation, the VMs cannot be assigned to users in the Users group during quick desktop provisioning.

  4. Click Next.

    The Confirm page is displayed.

Provisioning desktops

  1. Confirm the information on the page and click Submit.

    The system displays a message indicating that the operation is successful.

  2. Choose Task > Task Tracing.

    The Task Tracing page is displayed, showing the status of all tasks and subtasks.

    The password of Administrator on the teacher's VM is generated by the system at random. Upon your first login, you need to change the password and select "Password never expires" to avoid login failures caused by password expiry during teacher's VM recovery.

Provisioning Student's VMs

Scenario

This section describes how to batch create multiple student's VMs from a VM template in Quick Provision mode.

Prerequisites
  • You have logged in to FusionAccess.
  • VM templates have been created.
  • VM users or user groups have been created.
Data

For details about key data and parameters, see the description given in specific procedures.

Procedure

Creating and configuring VMs

  1. On FusionAccess, click Quick Provision.

    The Create VM page is displayed.

  2. Set VM group name to the VM group created in Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group.
  3. Select the site, resource cluster, and host to which the VM to be created belongs from the Site, Resource cluster, and Host drop-down lists, respectively.

    NOTE:

    For the student desktop, select an independent full memory cluster created during installation.

  4. Choose Local domain.

    NOTE:

    Local domain is the area to which a VM belongs. The area is configured in advance in System > Rights Management > Area Management.

  5. Click Select next to VM template. In the displayed dialog box, select the desired VM template and click OK.
  6. Use values of the following parameters in the template:

    • Number of CPUs
    • Memory Size
    • QoS information
    • Number of disks and disk information
    NOTE:

    During creation of student's VMs, Reserved for the memory must be set to the maximum value.

  7. In GPU, select none to provision common VMs.
  8. Click Add next to NIC and configure the NIC information.

    Table 3-23 describes the principles for configuring NIC information.

    Table 3-23 Principles for configuring NIC information

    Parameter

    Configuration Principle

    Port group

    -

    Select the port group of the service plane.

    Configure different port groups for the NICs on the same VM.

    Obtain IP

    DHCP

    Do not specify VM IP addresses when creating VMs.

  9. Specify the number of VMs to be created.

    The number of VMs is a positive integer less than or equal to 100. If some allocated IP addresses in the IP address segment have been used, the maximum number of VMs is the maximum number of VMs that can be created in the IP address segment minus the number of used IP addresses. For example, if 80 VMs are allowed in a network segment and five IP addresses are used, the maximum number of VMs to be created is 75.

  10. Click Next to switch to the Configure VM Options page.
  11. Customize a VM naming rule or select an existing rule from the drop-down list.

    • A customized VM name consists of a prefix and a number. The prefix starts with a letter or a digit. It consists of letters, digits, and hyphens (-). The VM name contains 1 to 15 characters.
    • Select an existing rule from the drop-down list: The naming rules in the drop-down list are defined in advanced in Desktop > Service Configuration > VM Naming Rule.
    NOTE:

    The VM naming rule specified for student's VMs cannot contain an AD domain account name.

  12. Set VM name prefix, that is, the prefix of created VMs that are not assigned.

    NOTE:

    It is a string of 0 to 5 characters consisting of uppercase and lowercase letters and digits.

  13. Set Domain name and OU name.

    Enter the value of Domain configured in System > Initial Configuration > Domain/OU.

    NOTE:
    • The domain name must be the same as the domain name of the domain to which the VM template is added during the template creation.
    • Software installation engineers can perform remote assistance operations on user VMs only after users have logged in to the user VMs.

  14. Click Next.

    The Assign Desktop page is displayed.

Assigning desktops

  1. Set Desktop.

    NOTE:

    Desktop is the desktop ID configured in advance in System > Initial Configuration > Desktop Components > Desktop Information.

  2. Select a desktop group from the desktop groups created in Creating a VM Group and a Desktop Group.
  3. Set Number of VMs and Add User (Group).

    NOTE:

    In a pool desktop scenario, to ensure all users in user group A can log in to the pool desktop that is allocated to user group A, all the users must directly belong to user group A.

    For example, in a scenario where user a belongs to department A and department A belongs to department C, user a can directly log in to the pool desktop if the pool desktop is allocated to department A but cannot log in to the pool desktop if the pool desktop is allocated to department C.

  4. Click Next.

    The Confirm page is displayed.

Provisioning desktops

  1. Confirm the information on the page and click Submit.

    The system displays a message indicating that the operation is successful.

  2. Choose Task > Task Tracing.

    The Task Tracing page is displayed, showing the status of all tasks and subtasks.

    NOTE:

    The password of Administrator on user VMs is generated by the system at random.

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Updated: 2019-04-25

Document ID: EDOC1100010651

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