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FusionStorage V100R006C20 Block Storage Service Software Installation Guide 07

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Installing an OS on FSM

Installing an OS on FSM

Scenarios

Configure the VMs created on FusionCompute as FusionStorage Manager (FSM) VMs of FusionStorage Block.

Prerequisites

Conditions

You have logged in to the FusionCompute.

Data

Data preparation is not required for this operation.

Software

You have obtained FusionStorage Block V100R006C20SPC200.iso.

Procedure

    Create an FSM VM.

    1. Log in to FusionCompute and create an FSM VM.

      Table 4-20  FSM VM specifications
      Item Specifications

      FSM node name

      • The FSM node name can contain only digits, letters, and hyphens (-). It must start with a letter and cannot exceed 32 characters.
      • The node name must be unique and different from the name of the cluster.

      Example: FSM01

      Whether bind to the host Set this parameter to Yes and select Permanently reserve resources for the VM.
      CPU Set the number of CPUs based on the number of hosts:
      • If 3 to 64 hosts are deployed, 4 vCPUs are required.
      • If 65 to 4096 hosts are deployed, 16 vCPUs are required.
      • Set the CPU reservation ratio to the maximum value.
      NOTE:
      In FusionCompute V100R005C10U1 and later versions, set the CPU reservation ratio in the CPU field. In earlier versions, set the CPU reservation ratio in the QoS Settings field.
      Memory (GB) Set the memory size based on the number of hosts:
      • If 3 to 64 hosts are deployed, set the memory capacity to 16 GB.
      • If 65 to 4096 hosts are deployed, set the memory capacity to 32 GB.
      • Set the memory reservation ratio to the maximum value.
      NOTE:
      In FusionCompute V100R005C10U1 and later versions, set the memory reservation ratio in the Memory (GB) field. In earlier versions, set the CPU reservation ratio in the QoS Settings field.
      Number of NICs Set this parameter to 1. Select the NIC that belongs to the management plane DVS and port group.
      Number of disks Set this parameter to 1. Set the disk capacity based on the number of hosts:
      • If 3 to 64 hosts are deployed, set the disk capacity to 100 GB.
      • If 65 to 4096 hosts are deployed, set the disk capacity to 300 GB. Independent physical disks are recommended.
      NOTE:
      When FSM nodes are deployed on VMs, the VMs can use only local disks.
      QoS Settings
      • Drag the slider to set Reserved (MHz) in CPU Resource Control to its maximum value.
      • Drag the slider to set Reserved (MB) in Memory Resource Control to its maximum value.
      NOTE:
      FusionCompute V100R005C10U1 and later versions do not provide the QoS Settings field. Configure the CPU and memory reservation ratios when you are configuring the CPU and memory information.
      HA Enable the function.
      Boot device Set the VM to start from hard disks.
      Memory swapping for the VM Disable the function.
      Retain the default values for other options.

      After the creation is complete, start the FSM VM.

    2. If the active/standby mode is required, create the second FSM VM on another management host.

    Install the OS.

    The following example describes how to mount the CD/DVD-ROM drive when the VNC login mode is set to Old in FusionCompute V100R006C10. For other mounting methods, see the FusionCompute product documentation.

    1. Log in to the created FSM VM on the FusionCompute web client using virtual network computing (VNC).
    2. On the menu bar of the VNC client, click and select Mount Local CD/DVD-ROM Drive.
    3. Select File(*.iso), click Browse, select the FusionStorage Block V100R006C20SPC200.iso file stored on the PC, select Restart the VM now to install the OS, and click Confirm.

      The VM starts to restart, during which the VNC client is closed. Click OK to retain the login status or log in to the VM again using VNC.

    4. When a screen shown in Figure 4-35 is displayed, select Install and press Enter to start the OS installation.

      NOTE:
      The installation process takes about 20 minutes.
      Figure 4-35  Install selection page
      The host OS automatically restarts twice after the OS is installed on the VM.

    5. After the OS is installed, install Tools for FSM VMs.

      For details, see the FusionCompute product documentation.

      Install Tools on FSM VMs to have FusionCompute monitor the FSM VM running status.

    6. Log in to the OS as user root.

      The default password of user root is IaaS@OS-CLOUD8!.

    7. Run the following commands to configure a temporary IP address and default route for the FSM node:

      This temporary IP address will be used to connect to the FSM node when you use a tool to configure the FSM network information.

      • ifconfig Management plane NIC Temporary IPv4 address/Subnet mask up, For example, ifconfig eth0 192.168.40.15/24 up.
      • route add default gw Default gateway, For example, route add default gw 192.168.40.1.

    8. Click on the menu bar of the VNC client and select Unmount CD/DVD-ROM Drive.
    9. Install the second VM as the FSM VM. For details, see 3 to 10.

    (Optional) Install the LFTP software.

    Perform this step if the FSM node will use a third-party backup server.

    1. Copy lftp-xxx.rpm in the lftp folder of the FusionStorage Block V100R006C20SPC200_tool.zip software package to the home directory on the first server with the FSM node deployed.
    2. Use PuTTY to log in to the first server with the FSM node installed.

      Ensure that the management IP address and username root are used to establish the connection.

      If the public and private keys are used to authenticate the login, perform the operations based on Using PuTTY to Log In to a Node in Key Pair Authentication Mode.

    3. Run the following command to install the LFTP software:

      rpm -ivh lftp-4.3.7-37.1.x86_64.rpm

    4. If FSM nodes are deployed working in active/standby mode, repeat 12 to 14 to install the LFTP software on the second server with the FSM node deployed.

    Disable operation rights over FSM VMs.

    FSM VMs are management VMs. System exceptions may occur if misoperations are performed on the VMs. Therefore, disable the operation rights over FSM VMs.

    1. Locate the row that contains the created the FSM VM and select More > Configure Object Rights in the Operation column.

      The Configuring Object Rights dialog box is displayed.

    2. Select all rights and click OK.

      The operation rights over both active and standby FSM VMs must be disabled.

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Updated: 2019-06-29

Document ID: EDOC1100016637

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