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NE40E V800R010C00 Feature Description - VPN 01

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).



Two PW reliability mechanisms are currently available: PW redundancy and PW automatic protection switching (APS).

APS instructs the source and destination ends to implement protection switching in the same manner to achieve traffic switching, delayed switching, and wait-to-restore. APS protocolpacketsare always transmitted along the backup channel. Both the transmit and receive ends know that they receive APS protocol packets through each other's backup channel. This implementation helps determine whether both ends are configured with the same primary and backup channels.

PW APS is an application of APS on PWs. PW APS uses PW OAM to monitor the PW status. If a PE detects that the primary PW fails, PW APS is triggered, and traffic is switched to the secondary PW, implementing service protection.


PWs are generally used to transmit 2G services between base transceiver stations (BTSs) and base station controllers (BSCs), 3G services between NodeBs and RNCs, and long term evolution (LTE) services between eNodeBs and mobility management entities (MMEs)/serving gateways (S-GWs). PWs meet requirements for bandwidth, expansion, and flexible configuration of these services. The bearer network solution includes:
  • Static solution: uses static routes, static LSPs, and static PWs.
  • Dynamic solution: uses dynamic routes, dynamic LSPs/TE tunnels, and dynamic PWs.
As static PWs do not use signaling, the primary and secondary PW status negotiation, PW switchover, and PW switchback cannot be implemented using signaling. PW redundancy currently supported addresses only PWE3 reliability, but not reliability for PWs in SVC or Martini mode. SVC PWs are static PWs. PW APS can provide reliability for PWs in SVC, Martini, or PWE3 mode.
  • PW APS uses PW OAM (MPLS OAM or MPLS-TP OAM) to rapidly monitor PW status and notifies APS of the status.
    The primary and secondary PWs must use OAM of the same type. To configure OAM for a bypass PW, it must also use the same type of OAM as the primary and secondary PWs.
  • The primary/secondary PW protection group is associated with APS instances. APS instructs the source and destination ends to implement bidirectional PW protection switching in the same manner, as defined in G.8131.

PW APS applies to SVC, Martini, or PWE3 PWs.


Using PW APS or PW redundancy solely on the entire network is recommended. PW APS and PW redundancy are both reliability mechanisms but are implemented differently. Implementing both mechanisms on a network increases the difficulties for network maintenance.

Basic Concepts

Protection Type

PW APS can work in 1:1 or 1+1 mode, in which primary and secondary PWs back up each other. In PW APS 1:1 mode, traffic is transmitted and received over a single link. In PW APS 1+1 mode, traffic is transmitted and received over double links but accepted over only one link.

Switching Type

PW APS supports bidirectional protection switching. If a working PW fails in one direction, APS switches traffic in both directions to a protection PW.

Operation Mode

The PW APS operation mode can be a revertive operation mode or a non-revertive operation mode. In non-revertive mode, traffic will not be switched back from the protection PW to the working PW even if the working PW recovers. In revertive mode, traffic will return to the working PW after the wait-to-restore (WTR) timer configured for the working PW expires.

WTR Time

The WTR time is counted from the time when the primary PW recovers to the time when traffic is switched back from the secondary PW. Setting a WTR time prevents frequent traffic switching.

Delayed Switching Time

The delayed switching time is the time after which a protection switching is triggered if a signal fail (SF) is still detected on a PW. Setting a delayed switching timer prevents switching from immediately occurring after an SF is detected.

Dual-Homing Protection

Dual-homing protection is implemented by connecting two PEs to a CE through respective ACs. This protects PE services on the bearer network.

PW APS Bundling

The device usually needs to undergo a great deal of PW APS protection switching. If PW APS enables a state machine for each protection switching, the device will not be able to implement all protection switching due to limited resources and capabilities. Configuring an APS state machine to process a great deal of PW APS protection switching decreases resource consumption. This APS state machine is shared by multiple PWs, which is called PW APS bundling.

Switching Mechanism

PW APS uses PW OAM to monitor the primary and secondary PW status. PW OAM sends detection packets from the ingress to the egress periodically. If the egress fails to receive any detection packets in a certain period, it considers that an SF occurs and notifies the remote APS module of the fault. This implements service switching and protection.

As shown in Figure 8-26, PW APS is configured on PE1 and PE2. Normally, upstream traffic from a BTS/NodeB is transmitted along the path PE1 -> primary PW -> PE2 on the PSN. PE2 forwards the traffic to a BSC/RNC. Downstream traffic from a BSC/RNC is transmitted along the path PE2 -> primary PW -> PE1 on the PSN. PE1 forwards the traffic to a BTS/NodeB.

Figure 8-26  PW APS deployment

As shown in Figure 8-27, if the primary PW fails, PW OAM on PE1 and PE2 detects the failure and triggers APS. Both upstream and downstream traffic are switched to the secondary PW.

The delayed revertive operation mode is used for PW APS by default. After the primary PW recovers, PW OAM on PE1 and PE2 detects the recovery but waits a delayed switching time before triggering an APS revertive operation. Both upstream and downstream traffic are then switched back to the primary PW.

Figure 8-27  PW APS implementation

Updated: 2018-07-04

Document ID: EDOC1100027166

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