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NE40E V800R010C00 Configuration Guide - MPLS 01

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GMPLS UNI Overview

GMPLS UNI Overview

GMPLS UNI provides a unified control plane for an IP network and a transport network, dramatically reducing carriers' costs and time on network upgrade, capacity expansion, and service deployment.

Interconnection Between IP Networks and Transport Networks

To be specific, many User-Network Interfaces (UNIs) are statically configured between IP networks and transport networks, but this configuration has many drawbacks:
  • Transmission channels between IP networks and transport networks need to be configured manually, which is time consuming and increases carriers' network construction cost.

  • When a fault occurs and both the primary and secondary paths fail, additional configurations are needed to restore services, increasing carriers' network maintenance cost.

  • Bandwidth cannot be dynamically adjusted because IP networks and transport networks are interconnected based on static configurations. This defect will waste abundant network resources and lead to unnecessary capacity expansion.

The automatic UNI service deployment feature provided by Generalized Muti-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) properly solves the preceding problems. GMPLS provides packet switching, wavelength switching, time division switching, and spatial switching, supports multiple interconnection models between transmission networks and IP networks, and truly implements an end-to-end solution. GMPLS brings the following benefits:
  • Simplified network management, intelligent service provisioning, flexible transmission channel setup, and lower operational&maintenance cost
  • Abundant protection levels, enhanced network robustness based on an effective protection recovery mechanism, and lower operational&maintenance cost
  • Flexible resource allocation policies, improved network resource usage, and lower pressure on capacity expansion


GMPLS is developed from MPLS so that it inherits nearly all MPLS features and protocols. GMPLS also extends the definition of MPLS labels and it can be considered as an extension of MPLS in transmission networks. GMPLS provides a unified control plane for the IP layer and transport layer. In this manner, the network architecture is simplified, the network management cost is reduced, and the network performance is optimized.

The GMPLS User-Network Interface (UNI) is defined by IETF as a network connection interface. It is applicable to the overlay model in the GMPLS network structure and it meets the trend in network development.

Updated: 2018-07-12

Document ID: EDOC1100028530

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