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NE40E V800R010C00 Configuration Guide - System Monitor 01

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Introduction to TWAMP

Introduction to TWAMP

The Two-Way Active Measurement Protocol (TWAMP) is a technology that measures the round-trip performance of an IP network. TWAMP uses UDP packets to collect statistics about the delay, jitter, and packet loss rate. In addition, TWAMP intelligently separates session control and traffic measurement to provide high security.


As networks rapidly develop and applications widely apply, various services are deployed to meet requirements in different scenarios. Therefore, networks encounter increasingly higher requirements for statistics collection. A tool that rapidly provides statistics about IP network performance is in urgent need.

Traditionally, network elements (NEs) themselves generate and maintain statistics about the IP network performance. To display statistics about the performance of an entire network, a network management system (NMS) is required to manage multiple NEs and collect statistics about these NEs. However, there may be no NMS deployed or the NMS may be incapable of collecting statistics.

TWAMP is therefore introduced. NEs themselves no longer need to generate or maintain statistics about the IP network performance. The performance management system manages only the TWAMP client and easily obtains statistics about the entire network.


TWAMP has the following advantages over the traditional tools that collect statistics on IP network performance:
  • Unlike network quality analysis (NQA), TWAMP has a unified test model and packet format, facilitating deployment.
  • Multiprotocol Label Switching Transport Profile (MPLS-TP) Operation, Administration and Maintenance (OAM) can be deployed only on MPLS-TP networks, whereas TWAMP can be deployed on IP networks, MPLS networks, and Layer 3 virtual private networks (L3VPNs).
  • IP Flow Performance Management (FPM) requires end-to-end devices to be synchronized when implementing statistical analysis, whereas TWAMP boasts stronger availability and deployment.


TWAMP uses the client/server mode and defines four logical entities, as shown in Figure 7-1.
  • Control-client: establishes, starts, and stops a test session and collects statistics.
  • Session-sender: proactively sends probes for performance statistics after being notified by the control-client.
  • Server: responds to the control-client's request for establishing, starting, or stopping a test session.
  • Session-reflector: replies to the probes sent by the session-sender with response probes after being notified by the server.
In TWAMP, TCP packets are used as control signals, and UDP packets are used as probes. Control signals are exchanged between the control-client and server through a TCP connection; probes are exchanged between the session-sender and session-reflector through a UDP connection.
Figure 7-1  Logical architecture

Updated: 2018-07-12

Document ID: EDOC1100028538

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