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Web-based Configuration Guide

AR650, AR1600, and AR6100 V300R003

This document describes how to configure and maintain your routers using the web platform.
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
ATM

ATM

Context

The device supports the ADSL, VDSL, and G.SHDSL interface cards (together called DSL interface cards). DSL links can be used to connect the device to the Internet.

The VDSL and G.SHDSL interfaces can work in Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) or Packet Transfer Mode (PTM) mode and switch between these two modes. An ADSL interface works only in ATM mode.

ATM cells are transmitted over DSL interfaces working in ATM mode. Service traffic can be transmitted over DSL links only when the interfaces work in the same mode as the peer device.

Procedure

  • Creating an ATM sub-interface
    1. Choose WAN Access > DSL Interface to display the DSL Interface page. Figure 12-10 shows DSL Interface page.
    2. Click ATM to display the ATM page.

      Figure 12-10  ATM

    3. Click Create in ATM Interface List to display the page for creating an ATM interface.
    4. Set the parameters described in Table 12-17.
    5. Click OK to complete the configuration.

      • Figure 12-11  Create ATM Interface (Connection mode is IPoA)

      • Figure 12-12  Create ATM Interface (Connection mode is IPv4 IPoEoA)

      • Figure 12-13  Create ATM Interface (Connection mode is IPv6 IPoEoA)

      • Figure 12-14  Create ATM Interface (Connection mode is IPv4 PPPoA/PPPoEoA)

      • Figure 12-15  Create ATM Interface (Connection mode is IPv6 PPPoA/PPPoEoA)

      Table 12-17  Description of the ATM interface parameters
      Parameter Description
      Interface name Type and number of an interface.
      • This parameter cannot be modified when the ATM interface configuration is modified.

      • When you set the parameters for creating an ATM sub-interface, select the ATM interface for which the sub-interface needs to be created.

      Description Description of an interface.

      By default, the description of an interface is empty.

      PVC (VPI/VCI) PVC used by links.
      Connection mode Type of packets on the interface.
      NOTE:

      You must select either IPv4 or IPv6 configuration.

      Table 12-18  Description of the IPoA parameters
      Parameter Description
      IP address IP address of an interface.

      The interface IP address cannot conflict with the IP addresses of other interfaces on the device or other devices in the network.

      Subnet mask Subnet mask of an interface.
      Peer IP address Peer IP address that is mapped to the PVC.

      An IP address cannot be mapped to different ATM interfaces on the device; otherwise, forwarding is interrupted.

      Enable NAT NAT must be enabled when a PC on the private network of a LAN connects to the Internet.
      MTU(bytes) MTU of an interface.

      If the MTU is set too small and the size of packets is large, packets will be broken into a great number of fragments and be discarded by QoS queues. If the MTU is too large, packets are transmitted slowly or even lost.

      Primary DNS server Primary DNS server address assigned to a DHCP client.
      Secondary DNS server Secondary DNS server address assigned to a DHCP client.
      Encapsulation type AAL5 encapsulation type of the PVC.
      • aal5snap: When multiple protocols run on the same PVC, aal5snap encapsulation is adopted.

      • aal5mux: When each protocol runs on an individual PVC, aal5mux encapsulation is adopted.

      Service type Service type of the PVC.
      • ubr: unspecified bit rate

      • cbr: constant bit rate

      • vbr-nrt: non real time-variable bit rate

      • vbr-rt: real time-variable bit rate

      Confirm rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is optional when Service type is set to ubr.

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to cbr.

      Peak cell rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Sustainable cell rate (kbps)

      Sustainable rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Cell maximum burst size (cells)

      Maximum burst size of ATM cells that are sent.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      TCP-MSS(bytes) MSS of TCP packets on an interface.

      The MSS refers to the maximum length of a TCP packet segment sent from the peer device to the local device. During TCP connection negotiation, devices at both ends record the MSS of each other. When sending TCP packets, the devices limit the size of TCP packets within the MSS.

      The default value of TCP-MSS is 1200.

      VPN instance VPN instance bound to an interface.
      NOTE:

      Before setting this parameter, you must create an IPV4 VPN instance. For the detailed procedure, see VPN Instance.

      Table 12-19  Description of the IPoEoA parameters (IPv4)
      Parameter Description
      Getting IP address mode Mode of obtaining an IP address.
      IP address IP address of an interface.

      The interface IP address cannot conflict with the IP addresses of other interfaces on the device or other devices in the network.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Getting IP address mode is set to Static.

      Subnet mask Subnet mask of an interface.
      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Getting IP address mode is set to Static.

      Default gateway Default gateway address of an interface.

      The default gateway address must be in the same network segment as the interface IP address.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Getting IP address mode is set to Static.

      Primary DNS server Primary DNS server address assigned to a DHCP client.
      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Getting IP address mode is set to Static.

      Secondary DNS server Secondary DNS server address assigned to a DHCP client.
      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Getting IP address mode is set to Static.

      Enable NAT NAT must be enabled when a PC on the private network of a LAN connects to the Internet.
      MTU(bytes) MTU of an interface.

      If the MTU is set too small and the size of packets is large, packets will be broken into a great number of fragments and be discarded by QoS queues. If the MTU is too large, packets are transmitted slowly or even lost.

      Encapsulation type AAL5 encapsulation type of the PVC.
      • aal5snap: When multiple protocols run on the same PVC, aal5snap encapsulation is adopted.

      • aal5mux: When each protocol runs on an individual PVC, aal5mux encapsulation is adopted.

      Service type Service type of the PVC.
      • ubr: unspecified bit rate

      • cbr: constant bit rate

      • vbr-nrt: non real time-variable bit rate

      • vbr-rt: real time-variable bit rate

      Confirm rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is optional when Service type is set to ubr.

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to cbr.

      Peak cell rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Sustainable cell rate (kbps)

      Sustainable rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Cell maximum burst size (cells)

      Maximum burst size of ATM cells that are sent.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      TCP-MSS(bytes) MSS of TCP packets on an interface.

      The MSS refers to the maximum length of a TCP packet segment sent from the peer device to the local device. During TCP connection negotiation, devices at both ends record the MSS of each other. When sending TCP packets, the devices limit the size of TCP packets within the MSS.

      The default value of TCP-MSS is 1200.

      VPN instance VPN instance bound to an interface.
      NOTE:

      Before setting this parameter, you must create an IPV4 VPN instance. For the detailed procedure, see VPN Instance.

      Table 12-20  Description of the PPPoA/PPPoEoA parameters (IPv4)
      Parameter Description
      User name User name for PPPoA/PPPoEoA dial-up.
      Password Password for PPPoA/PPPoEoA dial-up.
      Online mode PPPoA/PPPoEoA dial-up mode.
      • Always online: The DCC attempts to dial the remote end immediately after the device starts. The dialing process is not triggered by data packets. If a connection cannot be established with the remote end, the DCC retries at an interval.

        This mode applies to the scenarios in which users are not charged based on traffic or time.

      • Disconnected after idle timeout (s): The device triggers the process of establishing a link only when there is data to be transmitted. When the time during which no traffic is transmitted on the link exceeds the timeout duration, the device disconnects the link to save traffic.

        This mode applies to the scenarios in which users are charged based on traffic or time.

        If this mode is used, the link idle time must be specified. The default link idle time is 120.

      Enable NAT NAT must be enabled when a PC on the private network of a LAN connects to the Internet.
      MTU(bytes) MTU of an interface.

      If the MTU is set too small and the size of packets is large, packets will be broken into a great number of fragments and be discarded by QoS queues. If the MTU is too large, packets are transmitted slowly or even lost.

      Authentication mode Authentication mode for PPPoA/PPPoEoA dial-up.
      • PAP: Passwords are sent over links in plain text. After a PPP link is established, the authenticated device repeatedly sends the user name and password until the authentication finishes. This mode cannot ensure high security.

      • CHAP: a three-way handshake authentication protocol. In CHAP authentication, the authenticated device sends only the user name to the authenticating device. Compared with PAP, CHAP features higher security because passwords are not transmitted.

      Configure default route Configure a default route from the local hosts to the PPPoA or PPPoE server.
      Encapsulation type AAL5 encapsulation type of the PVC.
      • aal5snap: When multiple protocols run on the same PVC, aal5snap encapsulation is adopted.

      • aal5mux: When each protocol runs on an individual PVC, aal5mux encapsulation is adopted.

      Service type Service type of the PVC.
      • ubr: unspecified bit rate

      • cbr: constant bit rate

      • vbr-nrt: non real time-variable bit rate

      • vbr-rt: real time-variable bit rate

      Confirm rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is optional when Service type is set to ubr.

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to cbr.

      Peak cell rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Sustainable cell rate (kbps)

      Sustainable rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Cell maximum burst size (cells)

      Maximum burst size of ATM cells that are sent.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      TCP-MSS(bytes) MSS of TCP packets on an interface.

      The MSS refers to the maximum length of a TCP packet segment sent from the peer device to the local device. During TCP connection negotiation, devices at both ends record the MSS of each other. When sending TCP packets, the devices limit the size of TCP packets within the MSS.

      The default value of TCP-MSS is 1200.

      VPN instance VPN instance bound to an interface.
      NOTE:

      Before setting this parameter, you must create an IPV4 VPN instance. For the detailed procedure, see VPN Instance.

      Table 12-21  Description of the IPoEoA parameters (IPv6)
      Parameter Description
      IPv6 address obtaining mode Mode of obtaining an IPv6 address.
      IPv6 address IPv6 address of an interface.
      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when IPv6 address obtaining mode is set to Static.

      Subnet prefix length Length of the IPv6 address prefix.
      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when IPv6 address obtaining mode is set to Static.

      IPv6 default gateway Default gateway address of an interface.

      The default gateway address must be in the same network segment as the interface IP address.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when IPv6 address obtaining mode is set to Static.

      IPv6 primary DNS server Primary DNS server address assigned to a DHCPv6 client.
      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when IPv6 address obtaining mode is set to Static.

      IPv6 secondary DNS server Secondary DNS server address assigned to a DHCPv6 client.
      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when IPv6 address obtaining mode is set to Static.

      Automatic mode Mode of automatically obtaining an IPv6 address.
      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when IPv6 address obtaining mode is set to Dynamic.

      IPv6 MTU(bytes) MTU of an interface.

      Encapsulation type AAL5 encapsulation type of the PVC.
      • aal5snap: When multiple protocols run on the same PVC, aal5snap encapsulation is adopted.

      • aal5mux: When each protocol runs on an individual PVC, aal5mux encapsulation is adopted.

      Service type Service type of the PVC.
      • ubr: unspecified bit rate

      • cbr: constant bit rate

      • vbr-nrt: non real time-variable bit rate

      • vbr-rt: real time-variable bit rate

      Confirm rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is optional when Service type is set to ubr.

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to cbr.

      Peak cell rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Sustainable cell rate (kbps)

      Sustainable rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Cell maximum burst size (cells)

      Maximum burst size of ATM cells that are sent.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      TCP-MSS(bytes) MSS of TCP packets on an interface.

      The MSS refers to the maximum length of a TCP packet segment sent from the peer device to the local device. During TCP connection negotiation, devices at both ends record the MSS of each other. When sending TCP packets, the devices limit the size of TCP packets within the MSS.

      The default value of TCP-MSS is 1200.

      VPN instance VPN instance bound to an interface.
      NOTE:

      Before setting this parameter, you must create an IPV6 VPN instance. For the detailed procedure, see VPN Instance.

      Table 12-22  Description of the PPPoA/PPPoEoA parameters (IPv6)
      Parameter Description
      User name User name for PPPoA/PPPoEoA dial-up.
      Password Password for PPPoA/PPPoEoA dial-up.
      Online mode PPPoA/PPPoEoA dial-up mode.
      • Always online: The DCC attempts to dial the remote end immediately after the device starts. The dialing process is not triggered by data packets. If a connection cannot be established with the remote end, the DCC retries at an interval.

        This mode applies to the scenarios in which users are not charged based on traffic or time.

      • Disconnected after idle timeout (s): The device triggers the process of establishing a link only when there is data to be transmitted. When the time during which no traffic is transmitted on the link exceeds the timeout duration, the device disconnects the link to save traffic.

        This mode applies to the scenarios in which users are charged based on traffic or time.

        If this mode is used, the link idle time must be specified. The default link idle time is 120.

      IPv6 MTU(bytes) MTU of an interface.

      Authentication mode Authentication mode for PPPoA/PPPoEoA dial-up.
      • PAP: Passwords are sent over links in plain text. After a PPP link is established, the authenticated device repeatedly sends the user name and password until the authentication finishes. This mode cannot ensure high security.

      • CHAP: a three-way handshake authentication protocol. In CHAP authentication, the authenticated device sends only the user name to the authenticating device. Compared with PAP, CHAP features higher security because passwords are not transmitted.

      Configure default route Configure a default route from the local hosts to the PPPoA or PPPoE server.
      Encapsulation type AAL5 encapsulation type of the PVC.
      • aal5snap: When multiple protocols run on the same PVC, aal5snap encapsulation is adopted.

      • aal5mux: When each protocol runs on an individual PVC, aal5mux encapsulation is adopted.

      Service type Service type of the PVC.
      • ubr: unspecified bit rate

      • cbr: constant bit rate

      • vbr-nrt: non real time-variable bit rate

      • vbr-rt: real time-variable bit rate

      Confirm rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is optional when Service type is set to ubr.

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to cbr.

      Peak cell rate (kbps)

      Peak rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Sustainable cell rate (kbps)

      Sustainable rate of sending ATM cells.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      Cell maximum burst size (cells)

      Maximum burst size of ATM cells that are sent.

      NOTE:

      This parameter is valid only when Service type is set to vbr-nrt or vbr-rt.

      TCP-MSS(bytes) MSS of TCP packets on an interface.

      The MSS refers to the maximum length of a TCP packet segment sent from the peer device to the local device. During TCP connection negotiation, devices at both ends record the MSS of each other. When sending TCP packets, the devices limit the size of TCP packets within the MSS.

      The default value of TCP-MSS is 1200.

      VPN instance VPN instance bound to an interface.
      NOTE:

      Before setting this parameter, you must create an IPV6 VPN instance. For the detailed procedure, see VPN Instance.

  • Modifying ATM interface configuration
    1. Choose WAN Access > DSL Interface to display the DSL Interface page.
    2. Click ATM to display the ATM page.
    3. Click corresponding to the ATM interface to be configured in the Operation column of ATM Interface List to display the modification page.
    4. Set the parameters described in Table 12-17.
    5. Click OK to complete the configuration.
  • Disabling an ATM interface
    1. Choose WAN Access > DSL Interface to display the DSL Interface page.
    2. Click ATM to display the ATM page.
    3. Click corresponding to the ATM interface to be configured in the Operation column of ATM Interface List.
    4. Click OK.
  • Enabling an ATM interface
    1. Choose WAN Access > DSL Interface to display the DSL Interface page.
    2. Click ATM to display the ATM page.
    3. Click corresponding to the ATM interface to be configured in the Operation column of ATM Interface List.
    4. Click OK.
  • Clearing an ATM interface
    1. Choose WAN Access > DSL Interface to display the DSL Interface page.
    2. Click ATM to display the ATM page.
    3. Click corresponding to the ATM interface to be configured in the Operation column of ATM Interface List.
    4. Click OK.
  • Deleting an ATM sub-interface
    1. Choose WAN Access > DSL Interface to display the DSL Interface page.
    2. Click ATM to display the ATM page.
    3. Select the check box of the interface to be deleted and click Delete in the Interface Name column of ATM Interface List.
    4. Click OK.
  • Binding ATM interfaces

    NOTE:

    Before binding interfaces, ensure that these interfaces have been deactivated and that slave interfaces are not configured with any service. Among the bound interfaces, the first bound interface is the master interface, and other bound interfaces are slave interfaces.

    1. Choose WAN Access > DSL Interface to display the DSL Interface page.
    2. Click ATM to display the ATM page.
    3. Click Create in ATM Interface Binding List to display the page for binding ATM interfaces.
    4. Set the parameters described in Table 12-23.

    Figure 12-16  Create ATM Interface Binding

    Table 12-23  Description of the parameters for binding ATM interfaces
    Parameter Description
    Card/Slot ID Name and slot ID of a G.SHDSL board.
    Bound primary interface The number of the first interface to be bound must be 0 or 2, and the first bound interface is the primary interface.
    Number of bound interfaces Number of interfaces to be bound.

  • Unbinding ATM interfaces

    NOTE:

    Before unbinding interfaces, ensure that these interfaces have been deactivated.

    1. Choose WAN Access > DSL Interface to display the DSL Interface page.
    2. Click ATM to display the ATM page.
    3. Select the check box of the interface to be unbound and click Delete in the Card/Slot ID column of ATM Interface Binding List.
    4. Click OK.
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Updated: 2019-04-12

Document ID: EDOC1100041803

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