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KunLun Mission Critical Server Oracle Database Oracle 12c R1 (RAC) Best Practice 02

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Oracle RAC Shared Volume Plan

Oracle RAC Shared Volume Plan

Communicate with the customer to determine the quantity and sizes of volumes in the OCR (Oracle Cluster Registry) area, whether an independent flash recovery area is required and the capacity of the area if required, the quantity and sizes of the data area volumes, and the redundancy policy of each disk group.

  • The OCR area contains key cluster configuration information including the public and dedicated network configuration information. It is recommended that three OCR volumes be used for a two-node cluster and the size of each volume be 30 GB.
  • The FRA (flash recovery area) stores specific restoration files to manage database restoration in a centralized and simplified manner. This area prevents disk space exhaustion from affecting all instances when multiple instances are archived to the same disk. That is, this area reduces the scope of the services affected. The recommended capacity of the flash recovery area is 800 GB. The capacity can be adjusted based on service requirements.
  • The data area stores data. The disk group size is determined based on the service requirements. It is recommended that the total number of disks in the data area be 20 to 100. The capacity of a single disk is calculated based on the available capacity of the storage pool and the expansion capacity to be planned. To improve I/O performance, the customer can store redo log groups and data separately based on the service requirements.
  • The Oracle ASM provides three redundancy policies:
    • External redundancy:

      The Oracle system does not manage disk mirrors. The redundancy function is provided by external storage systems, such as RAID arrays. The valid disk space is the total space of all disks.

    • Normal redundancy:

      The Oracle system provides two mirrors to protect data (one mirror backup). The valid disk space is half of the total disk space.

    • High redundancy:

      The Oracle system provides three mirrors to protect data (two mirror backups) to improve performance and data security. At least three disks are required, and the valid disk space is a third of the total disk space. Although the redundancy level is improved, the hardware cost is the highest among the three redundancy policies.

    The following table describes the shared volume plan.

    Disk Group

    Disk

    Size

    Redundancy Policy

    DATA

    data1

    300 GB

    Normal

    data2

    300 GB

    OCR

    vdisk1

    30 GB

    Normal

    vdisk2

    30 GB

    vdisk3

    30 GB

    FRA

    Fradisk

    500 GB

    External

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Updated: 2019-02-01

Document ID: EDOC1100053123

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