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NE40E V800R010C10SPC500 Commissioning Guide

This is NE40E V800R010C10SPC500 Commissioning Guide
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Commissioning Static Routes

Commissioning Static Routes

Users can choose to configure a routing protocol based on the actual network planning. This section describes how to commission static routes.

Prerequisites

The following configurations are complete and the device is running normally:

Context

On the network shown in Figure 6-2, static routes are configured on the network to ensure successful communication between the commissioning device and the network connected to router B.

Figure 6-2 Typical networking for commissioning static routes

Procedure

  1. Run the display ip routing-table command on the commissioning device to check whether the routing table contains static routes.

    <HUAWEI> display ip routing-table
    Route Flags: R - relay, D - download for forwarding
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Routing Table : _public_
             Destinations : 8       Routes : 8
    
    Destination/Mask    Proto  Pre  Cost        Flags NextHop         Interface
    
            1.1.1.1/32  Direct 0    0             D  10.0.0.1       LoopBack0
          10.0.0.0/8   Direct 0    0             D  10.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
          10.0.0.1/32  Direct 0    0             D  10.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
         172.31.0.0/16  Direct 0    0             D  172.31.4.117    GigabitEthernet0/0/0
       172.16.1.0/24  Static 60   0             RD 192.168.1.2     GigabitEthernet1/0/0
        192.168.1.0/24  Direct 0    0             D  192.168.1.1     GigabitEthernet1/0/0
        192.168.1.1/32  Direct 0    0             D  10.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet1/0/0
      192.168.1.255/32  Direct 0    0             D  10.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet1/0/0

    The command output in bold shows the static route between the commissioning device and the network connected to router B.

  2. Run the display ip routing-table protocol command on the commissioning device to check route information about the specified routing protocol.

    <HUAWEI> display ip routing-table protocol static
    Route Flags: R - relay, D - download for forwarding
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    _public_ Routing Table : Static
             Destinations : 1        Routes : 1        Configured Routes : 1
    
    
    Static routing table status : <Active>
             Destinations : 1        Routes : 1
    
    Destination/Mask    Proto  Pre  Cost        Flags NextHop         Interface
    
        172.16.1.0/24  Static 60   0             RD 192.168.1.2     GigabitEthernet1/0/0
    
    Static routing table status : <Inactive>
             Destinations : 0        Routes : 0
    

    The command output in bold shows the information about the activated static routes. Then check the number of activated static routes, destination network addresses, preferences, costs, next-hop addresses, and outbound interfaces.

  3. Run the ping command on the commissioning device to test the availability of the static routes.

    <HUAWEI> ping 172.16.1.10
      PING 172.16.1.10: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
        Reply from 172.16.1.10: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=8 ms
        Reply from 172.16.1.10: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=255 time=1 ms
        Reply from 172.16.1.10: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=255 time=1 ms
        Reply from 172.16.1.10: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=255 time=1 ms
        Reply from 172.16.1.10: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=255 time=1 ms
    
      --- 172.16.1.10 ping statistics ---
        5 packet(s) transmitted
        5 packet(s) received
        0.00% packet loss
        round-trip min/avg/max = 1/2/8 ms                

    The preceding command output shows that the commissioning device has a reachable static route to the NMS server.

Troubleshooting

If static routes are correctly configured but the commissioning device fails to receive some or all routes, complete the following:

  1. Check that static route parameters are correctly configured.

    Run the display current-configuration | include route-static command to check whether static route parameters are correct and destination addresses, outbound interfaces, and next hops of IPv4 static routes are configured.

  2. Check that the precedence of static routes is correctly configured.

    Run the display ip routing-table command to check the precedence of static routes in the IPv4 routing table.

    The precedence of static routes is 60 by default, being lower than OSPF routes (10) and IS-IS routes (15). Therefore, if OSPF or IS-IS is also configured, to make static routes take effect, run the ip route-static default-preference preference command to set the default precedence of static routes to be higher than that of OSPF routes or IS-IS routes before configuring static routes. The smaller the preference value, the higher the preference.

  3. If the fault persists after the preceding operations are complete, contact Huawei technical support personnel.

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Updated: 2019-01-02

Document ID: EDOC1100055014

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