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NE40E V800R010C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - IP Routing 01

This is NE40E V800R010C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - IP Routing
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Configuring the BGP Next Hop iteration Delayed Response

Configuring the BGP Next Hop iteration Delayed Response

Configuring the BGP next hop iteration delayed response can minimize traffic loss during route changes.

Usage Scenario

As shown in Figure 10-12, PE1, PE2, and PE3 are the clients of the RR. CE2 is dual-homed to PE1 and PE2. PE1 and PE2 advertise their routes to CE2 to the RR. The RR advertises the route from PE1 to PE3. PE3 has a route to CE2 only and advertises this route to CE1. After the route exchange, CE1 and CE2 can communicate. If PE1 fails, PE3 detects that the next hop is unreachable and instructs CE1 to delete the route to CE2. Traffic is interrupted. After BGP route convergence is complete, the RR selects the route advertised by PE2 and sends a route update message to PE3. PE3 then advertises this route to CE1, and traffic forwarding is restored to the normal state. A high volume of traffic will be lost during traffic interruption because BGP route convergence is rather slow.

If the BGP next hop iteration changes delayed response is enabled on PE3, PE3 does not reselect a route or instruct CE1 to delete the route to CE2 immediately after detecting that the route to PE1 is unreachable. After BGP convergence is complete, the RR selects the route advertised by PE2 and sends the route to PE3. PE3 then reselects a route and sends a route update message to CE1. Traffic forwarding is restored to the normal state. After the BGP next hop iteration changes delayed response is enabled on PE3, PE3 does not need to delete the route or instruct CE1 to delete the route. This delayed response speeds up BGP route convergence and minimizes traffic loss.

Figure 10-12 Networking diagram for configuring the BGP next hop iteration changes delayed response

NOTE:

The BGP next hop delayed response applies to a scenario where the next hop has multiple links to reach the same destination. If there is only one link between the next hop and the destination, configuring the BGP next hop delayed response may cause heavier traffic loss when the link fails because link switching is impossible.

Pre-configuration Tasks

Before configuring the BGP next hop iteration changes delayed response, complete the following task:

Procedure

  1. Run system-view

    The system view is displayed.

  2. Run bgp { as-number-plain | as-number-dot }

    The BGP view is displayed.

  3. Run nexthop recursive-lookup delay [ delay-time ]

    A delay in responding to a next hop iteration change is set.

    After the nexthop recursive-lookup delay command is run, the device delays responses to all iteration changes. After the nexthop recursive-lookup non-critical-event delay command is run, the device delays responses only to non-critical BGP iteration changes. If both commands are run, the nexthop recursive-lookup non-critical-event delay command takes precedence over the nexthop recursive-lookup delay command.

    The delay time specified in the nexthop recursive-lookup non-critical-event delay command must be greater than or equal to that specified in the nexthop recursive-lookup delay command if both commands are run.

  4. Run commit

    The configuration is committed.

Checking the Configurations

After configuring the BGP next hop iteration changes delayed response, you can run the following command to check the previous configuration.

  • Run the display current-configuration configuration bgp | include nexthop recursive-lookup delay command to view information about the delay in responding to a next hop iteration change.
  • Run the display current-configuration configuration bgp | include nexthop recursive-lookup non-critical-event delay command to view information about the delay in responding to non-urgent next hop iteration changes.

# Display the delay in responding to a next hop iteration change.

<HUAWEI> display current-configuration configuration bgp | include nexthop recursive-lookup delay
nexthop recursive-lookup delay 20

# Display the delay in responding to non-urgent next hop iteration changes.

<HUAWEI> display current-configuration configuration bgp | include nexthop recursive-lookup non-critical-event delay
nexthop recursive-lookup non-critical-event delay 25
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Updated: 2019-01-03

Document ID: EDOC1100055018

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