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NE40E V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - IP Services 01

This is NE40E V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - IP Services
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Overview of ARP

Overview of ARP

Definition

The Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is an Internet protocol used to map IP addresses to MAC addresses.

Purpose

If two hosts need to communicate, the sender must know the network-layer IP address of the receiver. IP datagrams, however, must be encapsulated with MAC addresses before they can be transmitted over the physical network. Therefore, ARP is needed to map IP addresses to MAC addresses to ensure the transmission of datagrams.

Function Overview

Table 2-1 lists ARP features.

Table 2-1 ARP features

Feature

Description

Usage Scenario

Dynamic ARP

Devices dynamically learn and update the mapping between IP and MAC addresses by exchanging ARP messages.

Real-time communication is a priority, or network resources are insufficient.

Static ARP

The mapping between IP and MAC addresses is manually created and cannot be dynamically modified.

Communication security is a priority, and network resources are sufficient.

Gratuitous ARP

A device broadcasts gratuitous ARP packets that carry the local IP address as both the source and destination IP addresses to notify the other devices on the same network segment of its address information.

Gratuitous ARP is used to check whether the local IP address conflicts with that of another device, to notify other devices on the same network segment of the new MAC address after the local network interface card is replaced, or to notify master/slave switchovers in a Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) backup group.

Proxy ARP

If a proxy ARP-enabled device receives an ARP request message that destined for another device, the proxy ARP-enabled device encapsulates its MAC address into an ARP reply message and sends the packet to the device that sends the ARP request message.

  • Two hosts have the same network ID, but are located on different physical network segments. If the hosts need to communicate, routed proxy ARP must be enabled on the intermediate device.
  • Two hosts belong to the same VLAN, but host isolation is configured for the VLAN. If the two hosts need to communicate, intra-VLAN proxy ARP must be enabled on the interfaces that connect the two hosts.
  • Two hosts belong to different VLANs. If the two hosts need to communicate at Layer 2, inter-VLAN proxy ARP must be enabled on the interfaces that connect the two hosts.
  • In the Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) mode, if two hosts belong to the same bridge domain (BD) for which host isolation is configured, you must enable local proxy ARP on the VBDIF interfaces that connect the two hosts. Otherwise, the two hosts cannot communicate.
ARP-Ping

ARP-Ping uses ARP messages to detect whether an IP or MAC address to be configured for a device is in use.

To prevent address conflict, send ARP messages to check whether an address is already in use on the network before configuring an IP or MAC address for a device.

Dual-Device ARP Hot Backup

Dual-device ARP hot backup enables ARP entries on the control and forwarding planes to be synchronized between the master and backup devices in real time. When the backup device switches to the master device, host route information is generated based on the backup ARP entries on the backup device.

Dual-device ARP hot backup prevents downlink traffic from being interrupted because the backup device does not learn ARP entries from a device on the user side during a master/backup VRRP switchover, which improves network reliability.

Benefits

ARP ensures communication by mapping IP addresses at the network layer to MAC addresses at the link layer on Ethernet networks.

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Updated: 2019-01-03

Document ID: EDOC1100055041

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