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NE40E V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - Network Reliability 01

This is NE40E V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - Network Reliability
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Status Control

Status Control


VRRP is a fault-tolerant protocol defined in relevant standards . As shown in Figure 8-1, the routers on the LAN (Device1, Device2, and Device3) are arranged in a backup group using VRRP. This backup group functions as a virtual router.

Figure 8-1 Schematic diagram for a virtual router

On the LAN, hosts need to obtain only the IP address of the virtual router rather than the IP address of each router in the backup group. The hosts set the IP address of the virtual router as the address of their default gateway. Then, the hosts can communicate with an external network through the virtual gateway.

VRRP dynamically associates the virtual router with a physical router that transmits services. When the physical router fails, another router is selected to take over services and user services are not affected. The internal network and the external network can communicate without interruption.

Virtual Access System

The virtual access solution significantly simplifies a network, facilitates service deployment and maintenance, and reduces O&M costs. As shown in Figure 8-2, a virtual access system consists of masters and APs. An AP can be managed by two masters. The two masters notify their own management priority information for the AP to each other. The roles of the two masters are determined based on the following rules:

  1. The system first checks the management priorities of the two masters. The master with a higher priority becomes the primary master, and the master with a lower priority becomes the secondary master.

  2. If the management priorities of the two masters are the same, the master with a smaller management IP address becomes the primary master, and the master with a larger management IP address becomes the secondary master.

If dual-device hot backup is deployed in a virtual access scenario, the master device functions as the primary master, and the standby device functions as the secondary master in the virtual access system. If the primary master fails, the system uses Diameter to re-negotiate the primary and secondary states of the two masters.

Figure 8-2 Schematic diagram for a virtual access system

Principles of the Active/Standby Switchover

During the implementation of high reliability of services, VRRP is responsible for the negotiation of the master and standby devices; BFD or Eth OAM is responsible for fast detection of link faults to perform a rapid active/standby switchover.

Figure 8-3 Diagram of the active/standby switchover for high reliability of services

As shown in Figure 8-3, the two routers negotiate the master and standby states using VRRP. The NE40E supports active/standby status selection of interfaces and sub-interfaces.

BFD is enabled between the two routers to detect links between the two devices. BFD in this mode is called Peer-BFD. BFD is also enabled between the router and the LSW to detect links between the router and the LSW. BFD in this mode is called Link-BFD.

When a link fails, through VRRP, the new master and standby devices can be negotiated, but several seconds are needed and the requirements of carrier-grade services cannot be met. Through BFD or Eth OAM, a faulty link can be detected in several milliseconds and the device can perform a fast active/standby switchover with the help of VRRP.

During the implementation of an active/standby switchover, VRRP has to determine device status based on Link-BFD status and Peer-BFD status. As shown in Figure 8-3, when Link 1 fails, the Peer-BFD status and Link-BFD status of Device1 both go down and Device1 becomes the standby device. In this case, the Peer-BFD status of Device2 goes down but the Link-BFD status of Device2 is still up. Therefore, Device2 becomes the master device.

In actual networking, certain LSWs may not support BFD. In this case, you have to select another detection mechanism. Besides BFD, the NE40E also supports detection of links connecting to LSWs through Eth OAM.

The NE40E supports monitoring of upstream links (for example, Link 3 in Figure 8-3) to enhance reliability protection for the network side. When an upstream link fails, the NE40E responds to the link failure quickly and performs an active/standby link switchover.

Updated: 2019-01-03

Document ID: EDOC1100055045

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