No relevant resource is found in the selected language.

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Read our privacy policy>Search

Reminder

To have a better experience, please upgrade your IE browser.

upgrade

NE40E-M2 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - LAN Access and MAN Access 01

This is NE40E-M2 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - LAN Access and MAN Access
Rate and give feedback:
Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
RSTP Implementation

RSTP Implementation

RSTP implementation covers three aspects: P/A mechanism, RSTP topology change operation, and interoperability between RSTP and STP.

P/A Mechanism

To allow a Huawei device to communicate with a non-Huawei device, a proper rapid transition mechanism needs to be configured on the Huawei device based on the Proposal/Agreement (P/A) mechanism on the non-Huawei device.

The P/A mechanism helps a designated port to enter the Forwarding state as soon as possible. As shown in Figure 9-17, the P/A negotiation is performed based on the following port variables:

Figure 9-17 BPDU exchange during the P/A negotiation

  1. proposing: When a port is in the Discarding or Learning state, this variable is set to 1. Additionally, a Rapid Spanning Tree (RST) BPDU with the Proposal field being 1 is sent to the downstream router.
  2. proposed: After a port receives an RST BPDU with the Proposal field being 1 from the designated port on the peer router, this variable is set to 1, urging the designated port on this network segment to enter the Forwarding state.
  3. sync: After the proposed variable is set to 1, the root port receiving the proposal sets the sync variable to 1 for the other ports on the same router; a non-edge port receiving the proposal enters the Discarding state.
  4. synced: After a port enters the Discarding state, it sets its synced variable to 1 in the following manner: If this port is the alternate, backup, or edge port, it will immediately set its synced variable to 1. If this port is the root port, it will monitor the synced variables of the other ports. After the synced variables of all the other ports are set to 1, the root port sets its synced variable to 1, and sends an RST BPDU with the Agreement field being 1.
  5. agreed: After the designated port receives an RST BPDU with the Agreement field being 1 and the port role field indicating the root port, this variable is set to 1. Once the agreed variable is set to 1, this designated port immediately enters the Forwarding state.
Figure 9-18 Schematic diagram for the P/A negotiation

As shown in Figure 9-18, a new link is established between the root bridges Device A and Device B. On Device B, p2 is an alternate port; p3 is a designated port in the Forwarding state; p4 is an edge port. The P/A mechanism works in the following process:
  1. p0 and p1 become designated ports and send RST BPDUs.
  2. After receiving an RST BPDU with a higher priority, p1 realizes that it will become a root port but not a designated port, and therefore it stops sending RST BPDUs.
  3. p0 enters the Discarding state, and sends RST BPDUs with the Proposal field being 1.
  4. After receiving an RST BPDU with the Proposal field being 1, Device B sets the sync variable to 1 for all its ports.
  5. As p2 has been blocked, its status keeps unchanged; p4 is an edge port, and therefore it does not participate in calculation. Therefore, only the non-edge designated port p3 needs to be blocked.
  6. After p2, p3, and p4 enter the Discarding state, their synced variables are set to 1. The synced variable of the root port p1 is then set to 1, and p1 sends an RST BPDU with the Agreement field being 1 to Device A. Except for the Agreement field, which is set to 1, and the Proposal field, which is set to 0, the RST BPDU is the same as that was received.
  7. After receiving this RST BPDU, Device A identifies it as a reply to the proposal that it just sent, and therefore p0 immediately enters the Forwarding state.

This P/A negotiation process finishes, and Device B continues to perform the P/A negotiation with its downstream router.

Theoretically, STP can quickly select a designated port. To prevent loops, STP has to wait for a period of time long enough to determine the status of all ports on the network. All ports can enter the Forwarding state at least one forward delay later. RSTP is developed to eliminate this bottleneck by blocking non-root ports to prevent loops. By using the P/A mechanism, the upstream port can rapidly enter the Forwarding state.

RSTP Topology Change

In RSTP, if a non-edge port changes to the Forwarding state, the topology changes.

After a router detects the topology change (TC), it performs the following procedures:
  • Start a TC While Timer for every non-edge port. The TC While Timer value doubles the Hello Timer value.

    All MAC addresses learned by the ports whose status changes are cleared before the timer expires.

    These ports send RST BPDUs with the TC field being 1. Once the TC While Timer expires, they stop sending the RST BPDUs.

  • After another router receives the RST BPDU, it clears the MAC addresses learned by all ports excluding the one that receives the RST BPDU. The router then starts a TC While Timer for all non-edge ports and the root port, the same as the preceding process.

In this manner, RST BPDUs flood the network.

NOTE:
To use the P/A mechanism, ensure that the link between the two routersis a point to point (P2P) link in full-duplex mode. Once the P/A negotiation fails, a designated port can forward traffic only after the forwarding delay timer expires twice. This delay time is the same as that in STP.

Interoperability Between RSTP and STP

When RSTP switches to STP, RSTP loses its advantages such as fast convergence.

On a network where both STP-enabled and RSTP-enabled routers are deployed, STP-enabled routers ignore RST BPDUs; if a port on an RSTP-enabled router receives a configuration BPDU from an STP-enabled router, the port switches to the STP mode after two Hello intervals and starts to send configuration BPDUs. In this manner, RSTP and STP are interoperable.

After STP-enabled routers are removed, Huawei RSTP-enabled datacom routers can switch back to the RSTP mode from the STP mode by running a command.

Download
Updated: 2019-01-02

Document ID: EDOC1100058405

Views: 16594

Downloads: 18

Average rating:
This Document Applies to these Products
Related Version
Related Documents
Share
Previous Next