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NE40E-M2 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - User Access 01

This is NE40E-M2 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - User Access
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Overview of IPoE Access

Overview of IPoE Access

IPoEv4

  • AccessDefinition

    In IP over Ethernet (IPoE) scenario, a PC is connected to the Ethernet interface of a BRAS through a Layer 2 device (such as LAN Switch). When the PC accesses the IPv4 network, a user IP packet is encapsulated into an IPoE packet on the Ethernet interface. The IPoE packet is forwarded to the BRAS through the Layer 2 device. The BRAS then authenticates the user and authorizes user services based on physical or logical information carried in the IPoE packet, such as the MAC address, VLAN ID, and Option 82 (line information).

  • Purpose

    Compared with Point-to-Point over Ethernet (PPPoE), IPoE is easy to use and does not need any client dial-in software.

    In addition, the IPTV or PPPoE access can no longer meet the customers' new requirements, especially new services that need to be deployed with multicast. IPoE is an access technology that can meet requirements of multiple services.

  • Benefits

    IPoE brings the following benefits to carriers:

    • IPoE is a simple method of accessing the Internet, and does not need any client dial-in software.

    • IPoE is an economic method of accessing the Internet, and does not need any user device (such as modem) at the client.

    • IPoE is an access method that facilitates the deployment of multicast services. It provides users with value-added services, such as IPTV, NGN telephone, and broad vision.

    This feature brings the following benefits to users:

    • IPoE is easy to use. After connecting the PC to the Internet, a user can access the Internet directly after the computer is started.

IPoEv6 Access

  • Definition

    IPv6 over Ethernet (IPoEv6) access refers to the access mode in which users access a BRAS by sending Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6) packets, Neighbor Discovery (ND) packets, or IPv6 packets. In IPoEv6 access mode, users can directly access the Internet using Web browsers, without having to install client dial-in software on their PCs.

    An IPoE dual-stack user can have both an IPv4 address and an IPv6 address. The IPoE dual-stack access is the combination of the IPoE access and the IPoEv6 access. An IPoE dual-stack user obtains an IPv4 address through IPoEv4 and an IPv6 address through IPoEv6; however, during this process, the user is authenticated only once.

    IPv6, also called IP Next Generation (IPng), is the second-generation standard protocol of network layer protocols. As a set of specifications defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), IPv6 is the upgraded version of IPv4. The most obvious difference between IPv4 and IPv6 is that IPv4 addresses are of 32 bits whereas IPv6 addresses are of 128 bits.

    IPv6 address autoconfiguration has two modes, stateful address autoconfiguration and stateless address autoconfiguration. IPv4 has only one address assignment mode, the DHCP mode.

    In stateless address autoconfiguration mode, a user running ND sends a Router Solicitation (RS) message to a neighboring Router. After receiving the RS message, the Router assigns an IPv6 prefix to the user through a Router Advertisement (RA) message.

    In stateful address autoconfiguration mode, a DHCPv6 client sends an Information-Request message containing the IPv6 address and information about the DNS server to the DHCPv6 server. After receiving the message, the DHCP server replies with the required configuration information according to the policy.

  • Purpose

    With the development of the Internet, the shortage of IPv4 address spaces becomes increasingly serious. IPv6 solves the problem of IP address exhaustion. With the development of the IPv6 Internet, users need to obtain IPv6 addresses for accessing network resources.

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Updated: 2019-01-02

Document ID: EDOC1100058415

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