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Configuration Guide - IP Routing 01

NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500

This is NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - IP Routing
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Example for Configuring an OSPFv3 NSSA

Example for Configuring an OSPFv3 NSSA

This section provides an example for configuring an OSPFv3 not-so-stubby area (NSSA).

Networking Requirements

An excessive number of entries in a routing table waste network resources and cause high CPU usage. To address the problem, configure a non-backbone area on the border of an AS as an NSSA. NSSAs can import AS external routes and advertise them within the entire AS, without learning external routes from other areas in the AS, which reduces bandwidth and storage resource consumption on the NE.

In Figure 6-14, OSPFv3 runs on all NEs, and the entire AS is partitioned into two areas. Device A and Device B function as ABRs to forward inter-area routes; Device D functions as an ASBR and imports the external static route 2001:DB8:6::1/128. To import AS external routes but reduce the number of LSAs to be advertised to area 1 without affecting route reachability, configure area 1 as an NSSA.

Figure 6-14 Networking for configuring an OSPFv3 NSSA
NOTE:

Interface 1, interface 2, and interface 3 stand for GE 0/1/0, GE 0/2/0, and GE 0/3/0, respectively.



Configuration Roadmap

The configuration roadmap is as follows:

  1. Configure basic OSPFv3 functions on all NEs to ensure that they can communicate with each other using OSPFv3.
  2. Configure area 1 as an NSSA.
  3. Configure Device C to import the static route 2001:DB8:7::1/128.
  4. Configure Device D to import the static route 2001:DB8:6::1/128.

Data Preparation

To complete the configuration, you need the following data:

  • Router ID 1.1.1.1 of Device A, OSPFv3 process ID 1, network segment 2001:DB8:1::0/64 of area 0, and network segments 2001:DB8:2::0/64 and 2001:DB8:4::0/64 of area 1
  • Router ID 2.2.2.2 of Device B, OSPFv3 process ID 1, network segment 2001:DB8:3::0/64 of area 0, and network segments 2001:DB8:2::0/64 and 2001:DB8:5::0/64 of area 1
  • Router ID 3.3.3.3 of Device C, OSPFv3 process ID 1, and network segments 2001:DB8:1::0/64 and 2001:DB8:3::0/64 of area 0
  • Router ID 4.4.4.4 of Device D, OSPFv3 process ID 1, and network segments 2001:DB8:4::0/64 and 2001:DB8:5::0/64 of area 1

Procedure

  1. Configure an IP address for each interface.

    Figure 6-14 shows how to configure an IP address to each interface. For details about the configuration, see "Configuration Files" in this section.

  2. Configure basic OSPFv3 functions.

    For detailed operations, see Example for Configuring Basic OSPFv3 Functions.

  3. Configure area 1 as an NSSA.

    # Configure Device A.

    [~DeviceA] ospfv3
    [*DeviceA-ospfv3-1] area 1
    [*DeviceA-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] nssa
    [*DeviceA-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] commit
    [~DeviceA-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] quit
    [~DeviceA-ospfv3-1] quit

    # Configure Device B.

    [~DeviceB] ospfv3
    [*DeviceB-ospfv3-1] area 1
    [*DeviceB-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] nssa
    [*DeviceB-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] commit
    [~DeviceB-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] quit
    [~DeviceB-ospfv3-1] quit

    # Configure Device D.

    [~DeviceD] ospfv3
    [*DeviceD-ospfv3-1] area 1
    [*DeviceD-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] nssa
    [*DeviceD-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] commit
    [~DeviceD-ospfv3-1-area-0.0.0.1] quit
    [~DeviceD-ospfv3-1] quit

  4. Configure Device C to import the static route 2001:DB8:7::1/128.

    [~DeviceC] ipv6 route-static 2001:DB8:7::1 128 NULL0
    [*DeviceC] ospfv3
    [*DeviceC-ospfv3-1] import-route static
    [*DeviceC-ospfv3-1] commit
    [~DeviceC-ospfv3-1] quit

  5. Configure Device D to import the static route 2001:DB8:6::1/128.

    [~DeviceD] ipv6 route-static 2001:DB8:6::1 128 NULL0
    [*DeviceD] ospfv3
    [*DeviceD-ospfv3-1] import-route static
    [*DeviceD-ospfv3-1] commit
    [~DeviceD-ospfv3-1] quit

  6. Verify the configuration.

    # Display the OSPFv3 routing tables on Device C and Device D.

    [~DeviceC] display ospfv3 routing
    Codes : E2 - Type 2 External, E1 - Type 1 External, IA - Inter-Area,
            N - NSSA
    Flags : A - Added to URT6
    
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
         Destination                                                         Metric
           Next-hop
         2001:DB8:1::/64                                                          1
           directly connected, Vlanif18, Flags : A
    IA   2001:DB8:2::/64                                                          2
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE21:1200, Vlanif18, Flags : A
    IA   2001:DB8:2::/64                                                          2
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE41:1200, Vlanif14, Flags : A
         2001:DB8:3::/64                                                          1
           directly connected, Vlanif14, Flags : A
    IA   2001:DB8:4::/64                                                          2
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE21:1200, Vlanif18, Flags : A
    IA   2001:DB8:5::/64                                                          2
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE41:1200, Vlanif14, Flags : A
    E2   2001:DB8:6::1/128                                                        1
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE41:1200, Vlanif14, Flags : A
    [~DeviceD] display ospfv3 routing
    Codes : E2 - Type 2 External, E1 - Type 1 External, IA - Inter-Area,
            N - NSSA
    Flags : A - Added to URT6
    
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
         Destination                                                         Metric
           Next-hop
    E2   ::/0                                                                     1
    N      via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE21:1200, Vlanif13, Flags : A
    E2   ::/0                                                                     1
    N      via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE41:1200, Vlanif11, Flags : A
    IA   2001:DB8:1::/64                                                          2
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE21:1200, Vlanif13, Flags : A
         2001:DB8:2::/64                                                          2
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE21:1200, Vlanif13, Flags : A
         2001:DB8:2::/64                                                          2
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE41:1200, Vlanif11, Flags : A
    IA   2001:DB8:3::/64                                                          2
           via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE41:1200, Vlanif11, Flags : A
         2001:DB8:4::/64                                                          1
           directly connected, Vlanif13, Flags : A
         2001:DB8:5::/64                                                          1
           directly connected, Vlanif11, Flags : A

    The command output shows that Device C has imported an AS external route (2001:DB8:6::1/128) and that the router ID of the NE that advertises this route is 2.2.2.2. In addition, the NSSA does not learn the 2001:DB8:7::1/128 route.

    # Display routing information of the NSSA on NEs. In the following example, the command output on Device A is used.

    [~DeviceA] display ospfv3 routing nssa-routes
    Codes : E2 - Type 2 External, E1 - Type 1 External, IA - Inter-Area,
            N - NSSA
    Flags : A - Added to URT6
    
    OSPFv3 Process (1)
         Destination                                                         Metric
           Next-hop
    E2   2001:DB8:6::1/128                                                        1
    N      via FE80::3A6D:7CFF:FE11:1200, Vlanif13, Flags : A

    # Display NSSA LSA information on NEs. In the following example, the command output on Device A is used.

    [~DeviceA] display ospfv3 lsdb nssa
               OSPFv3 Router with ID (1.1.1.1) (Process 1)
    
                   NSSA-external-LSA (Area 0.0.0.1)
    
      LS Age: 391
      LS Type: NSSA-external-LSA
      Link State ID: 0.0.0.0
      Originating Router: 1.1.1.1
      LS Seq Number: 0x80000001
      Retransmit Count: 0
      Checksum: 0x6ebe
      Length: 32
      Flags: (E|-|T)
       Metric Type: 2 (Larger than any link state path)
          Metric: 1
       Prefix: ::/0
        Prefix Options: 0 (-|-|-|-|-)
        Tag: 0
    
      LS Age: 378
      LS Type: NSSA-external-LSA
      Link State ID: 0.0.0.0
      Originating Router: 2.2.2.2
      LS Seq Number: 0x80000001
      Retransmit Count: 0
      Checksum: 0x50d8
      Length: 32    
      Flags: (E|-|T)
       Metric Type: 2 (Larger than any link state path)
          Metric: 1 
       Prefix: ::/0 
        Prefix Options: 0 (-|-|-|-|-)
        Tag: 0      
                    
      LS Age: 429   
      LS Type: NSSA-external-LSA
      Link State ID: 0.0.0.1
      Originating Router: 4.4.4.4
      LS Seq Number: 0x80000001
      Retransmit Count: 0
      Checksum: 0xb7e0
      Length: 48    
      Flags: (E|-|T)
       Metric Type: 2 (Larger than any link state path)
          Metric: 1 
       Prefix: 2001:DB8:6::1/128
        Prefix Options: 8 (-|P|-|-|-)

Configuration Files

  • Device A configuration file

    #
    sysname DeviceA
    #
    vlan batch 13 16 18
    #               
    ospfv3 1        
     router-id 1.1.1.1
     area 0.0.0.0   
     area 0.0.0.1   
      nssa            
    #               
    interface Vlanif13
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:4::1/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.1
    #               
    interface Vlanif16
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:2::1/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.1
    #               
    interface Vlanif18
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:1::2/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 18
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 13
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/3/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 16
    #
    return
  • Device B configuration file

    #
    sysname DeviceB
    #
    vlan batch 11 14 16
    #               
    ospfv3 1        
     router-id 2.2.2.2
     area 0.0.0.0   
     area 0.0.0.1   
      nssa            
    #               
    interface Vlanif11
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:5::2/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.1
    #               
    interface Vlanif14
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:3::1/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
    #               
    interface Vlanif16
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:2::2/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.1
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 16
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 14
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/3/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 11
    #
    return
  • Device C configuration file

    #
    sysname DeviceC
    #
    vlan batch 14 18
    #               
    ospfv3 1        
     router-id 3.3.3.3
     import-route static
     area 0.0.0.0   
    #               
    interface Vlanif14
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:3::2/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
    #               
    interface Vlanif18
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:1::1/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 18
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 14
    #               
    ipv6 route-static 2001:DB8:7::1 128 NULL0 
    #
    return
  • Device D configuration file

    #
    sysname DeviceD
    #
    vlan batch 11 13
    #               
    ospfv3 1        
     router-id 4.4.4.4
     import-route static
     area 0.0.0.1   
      nssa          
    #               
    interface Vlanif11
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:5::1/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.1
    #               
    interface Vlanif13
     ipv6 enable    
     ipv6 address 2001:DB8:4::2/64
     ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.1
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 13
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0
     undo shutdown  
     port default vlan 11
    #
    ipv6 route-static 2001:DB8:6::1 128 NULL0 
    #
    return
Translation
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Updated: 2019-01-14

Document ID: EDOC1100058916

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