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Configuration Guide - IP Routing 01

NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500

This is NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - IP Routing
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Configuring an IPv4 Prefix Set

Configuring an IPv4 Prefix Set

IPv4 prefix sets apply to all dynamic routing protocols and can be used to match source, destination, and next hop IP addresses. This section describes how to configure IPv4 prefix sets.

Procedure

  • Configure an IPv4 prefix set using the paragraph editing mode.
    1. Run the edit xpl ip-prefix-list ip-prefix-list-name command to enter the IPv4 prefix set paragraph editing interface view.
    2. Press i to enter the text editing mode.

      NOTE:

      Sets or route-filters can be configured only in the text editing mode. If you exit from the text editing mode, you can perform shortcut key operations only.

    3. Configure a start clause (xpl ip-prefix-list ip-prefix-list-name) for an IPv4 prefix set.
    4. Configure elements (IPv4 addresses with masks, 1.1.1.0 24 for example) for the set and separate every two neighboring elements with a comma (,). You can use eq, ge, or le to specify the mask length.
    5. Configure an end clause (end-list) for the IPv4 prefix set.
    6. Press Esc to exit from the text editing mode.
    7. Press :wq and Enter to save the configurations and exit from the global variable set paragraph editing interface view.

      NOTE:

      A message is displayed for you to confirm whether to commit the configurations when you attempt to exit from the global variable set paragraph editing interface view. To commit the configurations, press Y.

      To exit from the global variable set paragraph editing interface view without saving the configurations, press :q! and Enter.

  • Configure an IPv4 prefix set using the line editing mode.
    1. Run the system-view command to enter the system view.
    2. Run the xpl ip-prefix-list ip-prefix-list-name command to enter the IPv4 prefix set view.
    3. Configure elements (IPv4 addresses with masks, such as 1.1.1.0 24) for the set and separate every two neighboring elements with a comma (,). You can use eq, ge, or le to specify the mask length.
    4. Run the end-list command to conclude the configuration of the IPv4 prefix set, exit the IPv4 prefix set view, and return to the system view.
    5. Run the commit command to commit the configuration.

Example

NOTE:

If only paragraph editing is used as an example, the corresponding line editing is similar. To use the line editing mode, perform the operations described in paragraph editing.

For detailed set and route-filter configuration steps, see Configuration Procedures of Sets and Route-Filters Using the Paragraph Editing Mode. For details about XPL clauses, see XPL Paragraph Editing Clauses.

Objective Configure an IPv4 prefix set to match the routes in 1.1.1.0/24, 2.2.2.0/24, and 3.3.3.3/32 network segments.
Configuration Example 1
<HUAWEI> edit xpl ip-prefix-list aaa

xpl ip-prefix-list aaa
1.1.1.0 24,
2.2.2.0 24,
3.3.3.3 32
end-list

The IPv4 prefix set aaa includes three elements and matches the routes in 1.1.1.0/24, 2.2.2.0/24, and 3.3.3.3/32 network segments.

Objective Configure an IPv4 prefix set to match the routes in network segment 1.1.1.0/24 with the mask length ranging from 26 to 30 bits, the routes in network segment 2.2.2.0/24 with the mask length greater than or equal to 28 bits, and the routes in network segment 3.3.3.0/24 with the mask length of 30 bits.
Configuration Example 2
<HUAWEI> edit xpl ip-prefix-list bbb

xpl ip-prefix-list bbb
1.1.1.0 24 ge 26 le 30,
2.2.2.0 24 ge 28,
3.3.3.0 24 eq 30
end-list

The IPv4 prefix set bbb includes three elements and matches the routes in network segment 1.1.1.0/24 with the mask length ranging from 26 to 30 bits, the routes in network segment 2.2.2.0/24 with the mask length greater than or equal to 28 bits, and the routes in network segment 3.3.3.0/24 with the mask length of 30 bits.

Objective Configure a route-filter to set MED 60 for the routes that match IPv4 prefix set bbb, set MED 70 for the routes that do not match IPv4 prefix set bbb but match aaa, and set MED 80 for all other routes.
Reference Example
<HUAWEI> edit xpl route-filter r1

xpl route-filter r1
if ip route-destination in bbb then
apply med 60
elseif ip route-destination in aaa then
apply med 70
else
apply med 80
endif
end-filter

The route-filter r1 references two IPv4 destination address prefix sets (aaa and bbb) and sets MED 60 for the routes that match the set bbb, sets MED 70 for the routes that do not match the set bbb but match the set aaa, and sets MED 80 for all other routes.

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Updated: 2019-01-14

Document ID: EDOC1100058916

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