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Configuration Guide - VPN 01

NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500

This is NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - VPN
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Overview of GRE

Overview of GRE

Definition

NOTE:

If IPv4 GRE and IPv6 GRE implement a feature in the same way, details are not provided in this chapter. For details about implementation differences, see Appendixes.

Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) is a tunneling protocol that encapsulates the packets of a wide variety of network layer protocols, such as Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), IPv6, and AppleTalk, into IP tunneling packets, so that these packets can be transmitted over an IPv4 network.

GRE provides a mechanism of encapsulating packets of a protocol into packets of another protocol. This allows packets to be transmitted over heterogeneous networks. The channel for transmitting heterogeneous packets is called a tunnel.

The following types of GRE tunnels are supported on NE:
  • GRE tunnel with the one-dimensional tunnel interface: also called distributed GRE tunnel. The tunnel interface is one-dimensional (named only by the interface number). GRE packets are encapsulated and decapsulated directly on the inbound interface board. If the multi-field classification and CAR services are configured simultaneously, bandwidth that services consume may double.

  • GRE tunnel with the three-dimensional tunnel interface: also called integrated GRE tunnel. The tunnel interface is three-dimensional (named by the slot ID, subcard ID, and interface number). GRE packets are encapsulated and decapsulated directly on a service processing board.

Purpose

To ensure the packets of a wide variety of network layer protocols, such as IPX, ATM, IPv6, and AppleTalk, to be transmitted over the IPv4 network, GRE is introduced. GRE solves the transmission problem faced by heterogeneous networks.

In addition, GRE serves as a Layer 3 tunneling protocol of VPNs, and provides a tunnel for transparently transmitting VPN packets. Currently, GRE is supported by IPv4 L3VPN, but not IPv6 L3VPN.

Benefits

GRE has low requirements for device performance and allow devices that do not support Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) to establish tunnels.

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Updated: 2019-01-14

Document ID: EDOC1100058925

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