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Feature Description - MPLS 01

NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500

This is NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500 Feature Description - MPLS
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LDP Authentication

LDP Authentication

Message-digest algorithm 5 (MD5) is a standard digest algorithm defined in relevant standards. A typical application of MD5 is to calculate a message digest to prevent message spoofing. The MD5 message digest is a unique result calculated by an irreversible character string conversion. If a message is modified during transmission, a different digest is generated. After the message arrives at the receive end, the receive end can determine whether the packet is modified by comparing the received digest with the pre-computed digest.

LDP MD5 authentication prevents LDP packets from being modified by generating a unique digest for an information segment. This authentication mode is stricter than common checksum verification for TCP connections.

Before an LDP message is sent over a TCP connection, LDP MD5 authentication is performed by padding the TCP header with a unique digest. This digest is a result calculated by MD5 based on the TCP header, LDP message, and password set by the user.

When receiving this TCP packet, the receiver obtains the TCP header, digest, and LDP message, and then uses MD5 to calculate a digest based on the received TCP header, received LDP message, and locally stored password. The receiver compares the calculated digest with the received one to check whether the packet is modified.

A password can be set in either ciphertext or simple text. The simple password is directly recorded in the configuration file. The ciphertext password is recorded in the configuration file after being encrypted using a special algorithm.

During the calculation of a digest, the manually entered character string is used regardless of whether the password is in simple text or ciphertext. This means that a password in ciphertext does not participate in MD5 calculation.

Updated: 2019-01-14

Document ID: EDOC1100058933

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