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Feature Description - QoS 01

NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500

This is NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500 Feature Description - QoS
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Traffic Classifiers and Traffic Behaviors

Traffic Classifiers and Traffic Behaviors

Traffic Classifiers

Traffic classification technology allows a device to classify packets that enter a DiffServ domain in order for the device to identify the packet service type and to apply any appropriate action upon the packet.

Traffic Classification Techniques

Packets can be classified based on QoS priorities (for details, see sectionQoS Priority Fields), or packet information such as the source IP address, destination IP address, MAC address, IP protocol, and port number, or specifications in an SLA. Therefore, traffic classification can be classified as behavior aggregate classification or multi-field classification. For details, see section BA Classification and MF Classification.

After packets are classified at the DiffServ domain edge, internal nodes provide differentiated services for classified packets. A downstream node can accept and continue the upstream classification or classify packets based on its own criteria.

Traffic Behaviors

A traffic classifier is configured to provide differentiated services and must be associated with a certain traffic control or resource allocation behavior, which is called a traffic behavior.

The following table describes traffic behaviors that can be implemented individually or jointly for classified packets on a NE.

Traffic Behavior Description
Marking/Re- marking External marking Sets or modifies the priority of packets to relay QoS information to the next device.
Internal marking

Sets the class of service (CoS) and drop precedence of packets for internal processing on a device so that packets can be placed directly in specific queues.

Setting the drop precedence of packets is also called coloring packets. When traffic congestion occurs, packets in the same queue are provided with differentiated buffer services based on colors.

Traffic policing

Restricts the traffic rate to a specific value. When traffic exceeds the specified rate, excess traffic is dropped.

Congestion management

Places packets in queues for buffering. When traffic congestion occurs, the device determines the forwarding order based on a specific scheduling algorithm and performs traffic shaping for outgoing traffic to meet users' requirements on the network performance.

Congestion avoidance

Monitors network resources. When network congestion intensifies, the device drops packets to prevent overloading the network.

Packet filtering

Functions as the basic traffic control method. The device determines whether to drop or forward packets based on traffic classification results.

Policy-based routing (also called redirection)

Determines whether packets will be dropped or forwarded based on the following policies:

  • Drop PBR states that a specific IP address must be matched against the forwarding table. If an outbound interface is matched, packets are forwarded; otherwise, packets are dropped.
  • Forward PBR states that a specific IP address must be matched against the forwarding table. If an outbound interface is matched, packets are forwarded; otherwise, packets are forwarded based on the destination IP addresses.

Load balancing

Load balancing is configured to be session-by-session or packet-by-packet.

Load balancing applies only to packets that have multiple forwarding paths available. There are two possible scenarios:

  • Multiple forwarding entries exist.
  • Only one forwarding entry exists, but a trunk interface that has multiple member interfaces functions as the outbound interface in the forwarding entry.

Packet fragmentation

Modifies the Don't Fragment (DF) field of packets.

NOTE:
Some packets sent from user terminals are 1500 bytes long. PCs generally set the DF value to 1 in the packets. When packets traverse network devices at various layers, such as the access, aggregation, or core network layer, additional information is added so that the packet length will exceed the maximum transmission unit (MTU) of 1500 bytes. If such a packet carries the DF value of 1 in the header, the packet will be dropped. A DF value of 1 specifies that a datagram not be fragmented in transit. To prevent such packet loss and to keep users unaware of any change, the device involved is allowed to set the DF field in an IP header.

URPF (Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding)

Prevents the source address spoofing attack. URPF obtains the source IP address and the inbound interface of a packet and checks them against the forwarding table. If the source IP address is not found, URPF considers the source IP address as a pseudo address and drops the packet.

Flow mirroring

Allows a device to copy an original packet from a mirrored port and to send the copy to the observing port.

Flow sampling

Collects information about specific data flow, such as timestamps, source address, destination address, source port number, destination port number, ToS value, protocol number, packet length, and inbound interface information, to intercept specific users.

Modifying the TTL value

Modifies the Time To Live (TTL) value of IP packet headers.

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Updated: 2019-01-14

Document ID: EDOC1100058936

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