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Feature Description - VPN 01

NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500

This is NE05E and NE08E V300R003C10SPC500 Feature Description - VPN
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Multicast VPLS

Multicast VPLS

Background

IP/MPLS backbone networks carry an increasing number of multicast services, such as IPTV, video conferences, and massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs). These services require bandwidth assurance, QoS guarantee, and high network reliability. The following commonly used multicast solutions cannot meet the increasing requirements of multicast services and network carriers:
  • IP multicast: An IP multicast network is complex to deploy and maintain. The network does not have QoS or TE capabilities and provides low reliability.
  • Layer 2 multicast: A large Layer 2 multicast network must use the HVPLS technology and solve routing loop problems. The network is complex to deploy and its reliability scheme is hard to design.

To provide better multicast services, IETF proposed the multicast VPLS solution. On a multicast VPLS network, the ingress directly transmits multicast traffic to multiple egresses over a P2MP MPLS tunnel. This solution eliminates the need to deploy PIM and HVPLS on the transit nodes of tunnels, simplifying network deployment. In addition, multicast VPLS can utilize the advantages of MPLS in TE, QoS guarantee, and reliability assurance.

Multicast VPLS reduces redundant multicast traffic on the network by replicating multicast traffic on demand. Figure 8-19 shows the differences between Layer 2 multicast and multicast VPLS in multicast traffic replication. On the Layer 2 multicast network, the multicast traffic is replicated into three copies right at the ingress PE1. On the multicast VPLS network, the multicast traffic is replicated on demand at each node. Compared with Layer 2 multicast, multicast VPLS reduces the burden of links.

Figure 8-19 Comparison of Layer 2 multicast and multicast VPLS in multicast traffic replication

Related Concepts

Table 8-6 describes some important concepts used in multicast VPLS.
Table 8-6 Important concepts used in multicast VPLS

Name

Description

Corresponding Device

Root node

Ingress of a P2MP tunnel.

PE1 in Figure 8-20

Branch node

A type of transit node. A branch node replicates each incoming packet and swaps the label in the incoming packet with another label before forwarding the packet to each leaf node.

P in Figure 8-20

Leaf node

Egress of a P2MP tunnel.

PE2, PE3, and PE4 in Figure 8-20

Figure 8-20 Multicast VPLS

Implementation

Tunnel establishment

On a multicast VPLS network, multicast traffic can be carried over either P2MP TE tunnels or P2MP mLDP tunnels. For the establishment of P2MP TE tunnels, see P2MP TE. For the establishment of P2MP mLDP tunnels, see mLDP. Table 8-7 lists the differences between P2MP TE and P2MP mLDP tunnels.
Table 8-7 Differences between P2MP TE and P2MP mLDP tunnels

Compared Aspect

P2MP TE Tunnel

P2MP mLDP Tunnel

Usage scenario

Networks that require control over destination nodes

Networks that do not require control over destination nodes

Creation mode

The root node initiates LSP setup.

The leaf nodes initiate LSP setup.

Signaling

The P2MP tunnel is maintained by periodically sent signaling packets. If a large number of leaf nodes exist, network congestion is likely to occur.

Signaling packets do not need to be periodically sent, reducing network pressure.

The establishment process of the P2MP tunnel shown in Figure 8-20 is described as follows:
  • Tunnel type being P2MP TE
    1. After the tunnel type is configured as P2MP TE for the root node VSI, the VSI applies for tunnel FEC information from root node TE.
    2. The root node VSI notifies root node TE of the IP addresses of all VSI peers (leaf nodes).
    3. Root node TE sends TE signaling packets to all leaf nodes to trigger P2MP tunnel establishment.
    4. Leaf node TE establishes the P2MP tunnel after receiving TE signaling packets from root node TE.
  • Tunnel type being P2MP mLDP
    1. After the tunnel type is configured as P2MP mLDP for the root node VSI, the VSI applies for tunnel FEC information from root node mLDP.
    2. The root node VSI sends tunnel FEC information to all VSI peers (leaf nodes) using BGP AD or BGP Multi-homing signaling packets.
    3. Leaf node VSIs parse BGP AD or BGP Multi-homing signaling packets and notify leaf node mLDP of tunnel FEC information.
    4. Leaf node mLDP sends mLDP signaling packets to the root node to trigger P2MP tunnel establishment based on tunnel FEC information.
    5. Root node mLDP establishes the P2MP tunnel after receiving mLDP signaling packets from leaf node mLDP.

After the P2MP tunnel is established, PE1 sends the multicast traffic received from the DR to each leaf node over the P2MP tunnel. The leaf nodes replicate the multicast traffic on demand before sending the traffic to multicast receivers.

Data forwarding

P2MP mLDP and P2MP TE tunnels have the same data forwarding process. A branch node replicates MPLS packets, swaps existing labels with outgoing labels in the MPLS packets, and sends the same MPLS packets over every sub-LSP. This process increases the efficiency of network bandwidth resource usage. Figure 8-21 shows the data forwarding process.
Figure 8-21 Multicast VPLS

Table 8-8 P2MP TE data forwarding

Node

Forwarding Entry

Forwarding Behavior

Incoming Label

Outgoing Label

PE1

N/A

L11

Pushes an outgoing label with the value of 11 into an IP multicast packet and forwards the packet to P1.

P1

L11

L21

Swaps the incoming label with an outgoing label with the value of 21 in an MPLS packet and forwards the packet to P2.

P2 (branch node)

L21

LE22

Replicates the IP multicast packet, swaps the incoming label with an outgoing label in each packet, and forwards each packet to a next hop through a specific outbound interface.

LE42

PE2

LE22

None

Removes the label from the packet so that this MPLS packet becomes an IP multicast packet.

PE3

LE42

None

Removes the label from the packet so that this MPLS packet becomes an IP multicast packet.

Benefits

Deploying multicast VPLS on an IP/MPLS backbone network offers the following benefits:
  • Optimizes bandwidth usage.
  • Provides bandwidth assurance for multicast services.
  • Simplifies network deployment by eliminating the need to deploy multicast protocols, such as PIM, on the core nodes of the backbone network.
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Updated: 2019-01-14

Document ID: EDOC1100058940

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