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ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - LAN Access and MAN Access 01

This is ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - LAN Access and MAN Access
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Summary of EVC Configuration Tasks

Summary of EVC Configuration Tasks

This section describes EVC features supported by the ME60.

An Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) defines a uniformed Layer 2 Ethernet transmission and configuration model. An EVC is defined by the Metro-Ethernet Forum (MEF) as an association between two or more user network interfaces within an Internet service provider (ISP) network. In the EVC model, a bridge domain functions as a local broadcast domain that can isolate user networks.

The logical EVC configuration roadmap is as follows:
  1. Establish an EVC model to forward Layer 2 packets.
  2. Configure a MAC address table based on bridge domains to guide packet forwarding.
  3. Configure EVC security attributes to securely transmit packets within bridge domains.

Services or Protocols Supported by EVCs

An EVC defines a uniform Layer 2 service bearer and configuration model. The EVC model can carry services in Table 10-2, simplifying configuration management and enhancing O&M efficiency.

Table 10-2 Services or protocols supported by EVC

Service/Protocol Type

Description

IP services

Local Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) proxy

To allow isolated users in a BD to communicate, enable local ARP proxy on VBDIF interfaces to implement interconnection.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server/client

If a DHCP client and a DHCP server reside on different network segments, a DHCP relay agent must be configured based on BDs to forward DHCP messages between the client and server. DHCP relay allows a single DHCP server to serve DHCP clients on different network segments, reducing costs and facilitating centralized management.

VPN services

Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)

To allow users connected over a VPLS network to communicate, establish the EVC model on VPLS network edge devices and bind BDs to virtual switch instances (VSIs) for VPLS access.

Layer 3 virtual private network (L3VPN)

To allow users connected over a Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)/Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) IP VPN to communicate, establish the EVC model on BGP/MPLS IP VPN edge devices and bind VBDIF interfaces to VPN instances for BGP/MPLS IP VPN access.

VPWS (Virtual Private Wire Service)

To allow users connected over a VPWS network to communicate, establish the EVC model on VPWS network edge devices and bind Layer 2 sub-interfaces to virtual leased lines (VLLs) for VPWS access.

Multicast services

Layer 2 multicast

After IGMP snooping is deployed for a device based on BDs, the device learns whether there are multicast receivers attached to its interfaces by listening to IGMP messages exchanged between the multicast router and hosts. The device then multicasts the packets on the Layer 2 network so that only members in the multicast group can receive the packets.

Layer 3 multicast

After IGMP is deployed on VBDIF interfaces, a multicast forwarding table and routing table is created. When the device receives the multicast protocol packet from the user side, the device can identify and send the packet to the upstream device based on service VLAN tags. When the device sends multicast traffic, the device can replicate and deliver the multicast traffic based on the created multicast forwarding table.

Reliability

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)

To ensure reliable and stable network communication, deploy VRRP backup groups on the VBDIF interfaces of the gateways to implement redundancy backup between gateways. If the master gateway fails, services are immediately switched to the backup gateway, ensuring communication continuity and reliability.

Routing protocols

IS-IS

To allow users on different network segments in a BD to communicate, deploy a routing protocol to implement Layer 3 reachability.
  • Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP)

    • RIP: an IP-layer protocol applicable to small-sized networks, such as campus networks.
    • OSPF: an IP-layer protocol applicable to medium-sized networks with hundreds of devices supported, such as enterprise networks.
    • IS-IS: a link-layer protocol applicable to large-sized networks, such as Internet Service Provider (ISP) networks.
  • BGP is a dynamic routing protocol used between autonomous systems (ASs).

Routing Information Protocol (RIP)

Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

NTP

-

To implement clock synchronization between devices equipped with clocks on a network so that all devices can have the same clock, deploy NTP on VBDIF interfaces.

Network monitoring

Network Quality Analysis (NQA)

To allow carriers to monitor QoS in real time and perform effective fault location and diagnosis in case a fault occurs, deploy NQA to test network operating status and output statistics.

Security

DHCP snooping

When DHCP servers and clients reside in the same BD, to allow DHCP clients to obtain IP addresses from valid DHCP servers, configure DHCP snooping to defend against bogus DHCP servers.

Figure 10-3 shows the flowchart for configuring services or protocols carried over EVCs.

Figure 10-3 Flowchart for configuring services or protocols carried over EVCs
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Updated: 2019-01-04

Document ID: EDOC1100059440

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