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ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - LAN Access and MAN Access 01

This is ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Configuration Guide - LAN Access and MAN Access
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Configuring MSTP Multi-process

Configuring MSTP Multi-process

After a Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) device binds its ports to different processes, the MSTP device performs the MSTP calculation based on processes, and only relevant ports in each process take part in MSTP calculation.

Applicable Environment

  • Background

    As shown in Figure 14-5, Device A, Device B, and Device C are connected through Layer 2 links, and are all enabled with MSTP. The CEs on the rings support only STP/RSTP. Multiple access rings exist and these rings access the MST region by using different interfaces on Device A and Device B.

    Figure 14-5 Networking diagram of MSTP multi-process

    On the network shown in Figure 14-5, multiple Layer 2 rings, Ring 1, Ring 2, and Ring 3 exists. STP must be enabled on these rings to prevent loops. A and B are connected to multiple access rings and these rings are isolated from each other and do not need intercommunication. STP then will not calculate out one spanning tree for all these access rings. Instead, STP on each access ring calculates the trees independently.

    MSTP supports multiple spanning tree instances (MSTIs) only when all devices support MSTP and the devices are configured with the same MST region. In the networking, the CEs connected to switching devices, however, support only STP/RSTP. According to MSTP, switching devices consider that they are in different regions with CEs after receiving STP/RSTP messages sent from the CEs. Therefore, only one spanning tree is calculated for the ring formed by switching devices and CEs and the access rings are not independent of each other.

    In this case, MSTP multi-process can be used. Multiple MSTP processes can be configured on Device A and Device B. Each MSTP process has the same function and supports MSTIs. Each MSTP process corresponds to one access ring.

    After MSTP multi-process is enabled, each MSTP process can manage some interfaces on a device. That is, Layer 2 interfaces on the device are divided and managed by multiple MSTP processes. Each MSTP process runs the standard MSTP.

    NOTE:

    CEs that support MSTP can also be configured with MSTP multi-process.

    After a device properly starts, there is a default MSTP process with the ID 0. MSTP configurations in the system view and interface view both belong to this process.

  • Share link

    As shown in Figure 14-5, the link between Device A and Device B is a Layer 2 link running MSTP. The share link between Device A and Device B is different from the links connecting switching devices to CEs. The ports on the share link need to participate in the calculation for multiple access rings and MSTP processes. This allows Device A and Device B to identify from which MST BPDUs are sent.

    In addition, a port on the share link participates in the calculation for multiple MSTP processes, and obtains different status. As a result, the port cannot determine its status.

    To prevent this situation, it is defined that a port on a share link always adopts its status in MSTP process 0 when participating in the calculation for multiple MSTP processes.

Pre-configuration Tasks

Before configuring MSTP multi-process, complete the following task:

  • Configuring basic MSTP functions

Configuration Procedures

Figure 14-6 Flowchart for configuring MSTP multi-process

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Updated: 2019-01-04

Document ID: EDOC1100059440

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