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ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - WAN Access 01

This is ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - WAN Access
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Overview of XPL

Overview of XPL

Definition

Extended routing-policy language (XPL) is a language used to filter routes and modify route attributes. By modifying route attributes (including reachability), XPL changes the path through which network traffic passes. XPL provides the same functions as routing policies do, but it uses different editing and filtering methods from routing policies. Therefore, XPL can meet different customer requirements.

Table 11-1 compares XPL and routing policies.

Table 11-1 Comparison between XPL and routing policies

Item

Key Functions

Editing Method

Filtering Method

User Experience

XPL

Filters routes and modifies route attributes.

Line-by-line or paragraph-by-paragraph editing

Uses sets or single elements to filter routes.

Users can configure or modify policies as required in a text editor.

Routing policies

Filter routes and modify route attributes.

Line-by-line editing

Use filters or single elements to filter routes.

Users must follow strict command configuration rules.

NOTE:

For details about routing policies, see "Routing Policies" in HUAWEI ME60 Multiservice Control Gateway Feature Description — IP Routing.

Line-by-Line and Paragraph-by-Paragraph Editing

XPL supports line-by-line editing and paragraph-by-paragraph editing, whereas routing policies support line-by-line editing only. Line-by-line editing is a traditional configuration method, whereas paragraph-by-paragraph editing is an innovative configuration method. Table 11-2 compares the two methods.

Table 11-2 Line-by-line and paragraph-by-paragraph editing comparison

Item

Applicable to

Differences

Help and Error Correction Mechanisms

Line-by-line editing

Users who are used to the traditional configuration method or unfamiliar with XPL Each command is run in a command view, and one command is presented in one line, which is considered a configuration unit.

The desired command can be suggested using the command association function.

If any configuration error occurs, it is reported after the command is configured.

Paragraph-by-paragraph editing

Users who are familiar with XPL clause configuration and want to simplify the configuration process The paragraph editing UI functions as a text editor, in which users edit XPL clauses. The XPL clauses are committed after a paragraph of them are configured, and each paragraph is considered a configuration unit.

The command association function is not supported, and complete clauses must be entered in the paragraph editing UI.

If any configuration error occurs, it is reported after the configurations of the whole paragraph are committed.

Purpose

When advertising, receiving, or importing routes, the ME device can use XPL based on actual networking requirements to filter routes and modify route attributes. XPL serves the following purposes:

  • Controls route advertisement.

    Only routes that match the rules specified in the XPL are advertised.

  • Controls route acceptance.

    Only necessary and valid routes are accepted, which reduces the routing table size and improves network security.

  • Filters and controls imported routes.

    A routing protocol may import routes discovered by other routing protocols. XPL ensures that only the routes that meet certain conditions are imported and route attributes of the imported routes are modified to meet the requirements of the protocol.

  • Modifies route attributes.

    Attributes of the routes that match the specified route-filter can be modified as required.

Benefits

XPL offers the following benefits:
  • Saves system resources by controlling the routing table size.
  • Improves network security by controlling route advertisement and acceptance.
  • Improves network performance by modifying route attributes for effective traffic planning.
  • Simplifies routing policy configurations.
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Updated: 2019-01-04

Document ID: EDOC1100059473

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