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ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - WAN Access 01

This is ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - WAN Access
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Generalized TTL security mechanism (GTSM) is a mechanism that protects services over the IP layer by checking whether the TTL value in an IP packet header is within a pre-defined range.


On networks, attackers may simulate OSPF packets and keep sending them to a device. After receiving these packets, the device directly sends them to the control plane for processing without checking their validity if the packets are destined for the device. As a result, the control plane is busy processing these packets, resulting in high CPU usage.

GTSM is used to protect the TCP/IP-based control plane against CPU-utilization attacks, such as CPU-overload attacks.


GTSM-enabled devices check the TTL value in each received packet based on a configured policy. The packets that fail to pass the policy are discarded or sent to the control plane, which prevents the devices from possible CPU-utilization attacks. A GTSM policy involves the following items:

  • Source address of the IP packet sent to the device

  • VPN instance to which the packet belongs

  • Protocol number of the IP packet (89 for OSPF, and 6 for BGP)

  • Source port number and destination port number of protocols above TCP/UDP

  • Valid TTL range

GTSM is implemented as follows:

  • For directly connected OSPF neighbors, the TTL value of the unicast protocol packets to be sent is set to 255.

  • For multi-hop neighbors, a reasonable TTL range is defined.

The applicability of GTSM is as follows:

  • GTSM takes effect on unicast packets rather than multicast packets. This is because the TTL value of multicast packets can only be 255, and therefore GTSM is not needed to protect against multicast packets.

  • GTSM does not support tunnel-based neighbors.

Updated: 2019-01-04

Document ID: EDOC1100059473

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