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ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - WAN Access 01

This is ME60 V800R010C10SPC500 Feature Description - WAN Access
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
OSPF TE

OSPF TE

OSPF Traffic Engineering (TE) is developed based on OSPF to support Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) TE and establish and maintain TE LSPs. In the MPLS TE architecture described in "MPLS Feature Description", OSPF functions as the information advertising component, responsible for collecting and advertising MPLS TE information.

In addition to the network topology, TE needs to know network constraints, such as the bandwidth, TE metric, administrative group, and affinity attribute. However, current OSPF functions cannot meet these requirements. Therefore, OSPF introduces a new type of LSAs to advertise network constraints. Based on the network constraints, the Constraint Shortest Path First (CSPF) algorithm can calculate the path subject to specified constraints.

Figure 6-10 Overview of OSPF in the MPLS TE architecture

OSPF in the MPLS TE Architecture

In the MPLS TE architecture, OSPF functions as the information advertising component:

  • Collects related information about TE.

  • Floods TE information to devices in the same area.

  • Uses the collected TE information to form the TE database (TEDB) so that CSPF can calculate routes.

OSPF does not care about information content or how MPLS uses the information.

TE-LSA

OSPF uses a new type of LSA (Type 10 opaque LSA) to collect and advertise TE information. Type 10 opaque LSAs contain the link status information required by TE, including the maximum link bandwidth, maximum reservable bandwidth, current reserved bandwidth, and link color. Based on the OSPF flooding mechanism, Type 10 opaque LSAs synchronize link status information among devices in an area to form a uniform TEDB for route calculation.

Interaction Between OSPF TE and CSPF

OSPF uses Type 10 LSAs to collect TE information in an area, such as the bandwidth, priority, and link metrics. After processing the collected TE information, OSPF provides it for CSPF to calculate routes.

IGP Shortcut and Forwarding Adjacency

OSPF supports IGP shortcut and forwarding adjacency. The two features allow OSPF to use a tunnel interface as an outbound interface to reach a destination.

Differences between IGP shortcut and forwarding adjacency are as follows:

  • An IGP shortcut-enabled device uses a tunnel interface as an outbound interface but does not advertise the tunnel interface to neighbors. Therefore, other devices cannot use this tunnel.

  • A forwarding adjacency-enabled device uses a tunnel interface as an outbound interface and advertises the tunnel interface to neighbors. Therefore, other devices can use this tunnel.

  • IGP shortcut is unidirectional and needs to be configured only on the device that uses IGP shortcut.

OSPF SRLG

OSPF supports the applications of the Shared Risk Link Group (SRLG) in MPLS by obtaining information about the TE SRLG flooded among devices in an area. For details, refer to the chapter "MPLS" in this manual.

OSPF TE Tunnel Anti-Microloop

If a network fault occurs, IGP convergence is triggered. In this case, a transient forwarding status inconsistency may occur among nodes because of their different convergence rates, which poses the risk of microloops. If the outbound interface of a route before IGP convergence is a shortcut TE tunnel interface and the OSPF TE tunnel anti-microloop function is enabled, the outbound interface of the route remains unchanged during the IGP convergence. In this case, traffic is forwarded through a hot standby TE tunnel, and the forwarding process does not depend on IGP convergence on each device, preventing microloops.

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Updated: 2019-01-04

Document ID: EDOC1100059473

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