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Configuration Guide - Device Management

S2720, S5700, and S6720 V200R013C00

This document describes the configurations of Device Management, including device status query, hardware management, Stack, SVF, cloud-based management, PoE, monitoring interface, OPS, energy-saving management, information center, fault management, NTP, synchronous ethernet, PTP.
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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Stack Setup

Stack Setup

A stack is set up after the following stages:
  1. Physical connection setup

    Multiple switches are connected in a required topology using the appropriate connection mode to establish a stack network.

  2. Master election

    Member switches exchange stack competition packets and elect the master switch according to master election rules.

  3. Stack ID assignment and standby switch election

    The master switch collects topology information from other member switches and assigns them stack IDs; the standby switch is elected.

  4. Software version and configuration file synchronization

    The master switch synchronizes the topology of the stack to all member switches, and member switches synchronize their system software version and configuration files with the master switch. The stack is set up.

Physical Connection Setup

Member switches can be connected to form a stack using stack cards or service ports. For details about the two stack connection modes, see Stack Modes. Whichever connection mode is used, member switches can be connected in a chain or ring topology, as shown in Figure 3-9. Table 3-2 compares the advantages and disadvantages of the two stack topologies.
Figure 3-9  Stack topologies
Table 3-2  Comparison of stack topologies

Topology

Advantage

Disadvantage

Usage Scenario

Chain topology

Applicable for long-distance stacking because the first and last member switches do not need to be physically connected.

  • Low reliability: If any stack link fails, the stack splits.

  • Low stack link utilization: The stack relies on a single path.

Member switches are far from one another and a ring topology is difficult to deploy.

Ring topology

  • High reliability: If a stack link fails, the topology changes from ring to chain, allowing the stack to function normally.

  • High link bandwidth efficiency: Data can be forwarded along the shortest path.

The first and last member switches need to be physically connected, which makes long-distance stacking difficult.

Member switches are located near one another.

Master Election

Determine the stack connection mode and topology, connect the member switches with physical links, and then power on all member switches. These member switches elect the master switch, which manages the stack. The master switch is elected based on the following rules (the election ends when a winning switch is found):

  1. The switch that starts first becomes the master switch.

    The master election timeout interval is 20 seconds. The startup process may take different lengths of time on different member switches. When stack member switches are powered on or restart, some member switches may not participate in the first master election. When a switch that starts later joins the stack, the master switch is elected again. If the previous master switch fails the election, it restarts and then joins the stack as a non-master switch. If the switch that starts later fails the election, it can join the stack only as a non-master switch. For details, see Adding and Removing a Stack Member. If you want a specific switch to act as the master switch, power on that switch first, and power on the other switches after this switch starts.
    NOTE:

    To ensure that master election is completed at a time, you are advised to use switches of the same model to set up a stack. If you want to set up a stack of different switch models, you are advised to connect switches of the same model together.

    For example, three switches A, B, and C set up a stack in a chain topology.
    • If A and B start first and C starts later, C joins the stack only as a non-master switch.
    • If A and C start first and become the master switches, A and C compete to be the master switch based on their startup time when B starts and joins the stack. The switch that fails the election restarts and joins the stack as a non-master switch.
    For example, four switches A, B, C, and D set up a stack in ring topology:
    • If A and B start first and C and D start later, C and D join the stack only as non-master switches.
    • If A and C start first and become the master switches, A and C compete to be the master switch based on their startup time when B and D start and join the stack. The switch that fails the election restarts and joins the stack as a non-master switch.
  2. If multiple switches complete startup at the same time, the switch with the highest stack priority becomes the master switch.

  3. If multiple switches complete startup at the same time and have the same stack priority, the switch with the smallest MAC address becomes the master switch.

Stack ID Assign and Standby Switch Election

After the master switch is elected, it collects topology information from member switches. Based on the information, the master switch calculates forwarding entries, and sends the calculated information to member switches. The master switch also assigns a stack ID to every member switch. The standby switch is elected to operate as a backup for the master switch. The first switch that completes startup after the master switch becomes the standby switch. If multiple switches complete the startup at the same time, the standby switch is elected according to the following rules:
  1. The switch with the highest stack priority becomes the standby switch.
  2. If the switches have the same stack priority, the one with the smallest MAC address becomes the standby switch.

The election ends when a winning switch is found. After the standby switch is elected, all the other member switches join the stack as slave switches.

Software Version and Configuration File Synchronization

After role election and topology information collection are complete, member switches synchronize their system software and configuration files with the master switch.
  • Automatic software loading: If the standby and slave switches are running a different software version than the master switch, the standby and slave switches download the master switch system software, restart with the new system software, and rejoin the stack. Member switches must have compatible software versions with one another to set up a stack.

  • Configuration file synchronization: The master switch has the startup and running configuration files for the stack, the standby and slave switches download the master switch configuration file and apply it. This mechanism enables member switches to work like a single switch and ensures that other switches continue working normally if the master switch fails. For details about the configuration file, see.Configuration File.

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Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100065674

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