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Configuration Guide - Device Management

S2720, S5700, and S6720 V200R013C00

This document describes the configurations of Device Management, including device status query, hardware management, Stack, SVF, cloud-based management, PoE, monitoring interface, OPS, energy-saving management, information center, fault management, NTP, synchronous ethernet, PTP.

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Understanding PoE

Understanding PoE

Introduction to PoE

PoE system involves the following devices:
  • Power-sourcing Equipment (PSE)

    A PSE is a PoE device that provides power to PDs and supports detection, analysis, and intelligent power management.

  • PD

    A PD is a device that receives power from a PSE. Examples of PDs include wireless APs, portable device chargers, POS machines, and cameras. PDs are classified into standard and non-standard PDs depending on whether they conform to IEEE standards.

  • PoE power supply

    A PoE power supply provides power to a PoE system. The number of PDs connected to a PSE is limited by the power output of the PoE power supply. PoE power supplies are classified into built-in and external power supplies depending on whether they are swappable.

PoE Implementation

Table 6-1  PoE implementation
Procedure Item Description
1 PD detection A PSE transmits a low voltage (ranging from 2.7 V to 10.1 V) with a limited current through its interfaces to detect PDs at an interval of 2 seconds. If the PSE detects a resistance between 19 kΩ to 26.5 kΩ, PDs that support IEEE 802.3af or IEEE 802.3at are connected to the PSE.
2 Power supply capability negotiation The PSE classifies PDs and negotiates power supply capability. Power supply capability negotiation is classified into two modes: analysis of detected resistance and LLDP Power Capability Negotiation.
3 Power-on start In the startup period (often less than 15 microseconds), the PSE starts to provide power to PDs from a low voltage, and increases the voltage until the voltage reaches 48 V DC.
4 Power-on After the voltage reaches 48 V DC, the output voltage provided to the PDs is stabilized at 48 V DC, and the power consumption of each PD does not exceed maximum output power of the PSE.
5 Power-off While providing power, the PSE continuously detects the input current of a PD. The PSE cuts off the power supply and repeats detection when the current of the PD is reduced to the minimum value or increased sharply in any of the following situations:
  • The PD is removed.
  • The power consumption of the PD is overloaded.
  • The PD is short-circuited.
  • The power consumption of the PD exceeds the power supply load.

PoE Power Management Mode

When many PDs are connected to a PSE, the PSE can no longer provide power to all the PDs and needs to manage power supply in automatic or manual mode depending on the power supply mode:

  • Automatic mode: The PSE automatically powers on or off PDs based on power supply priorities of interfaces. You can set the power supply priority of interfaces to critical, high, or low based on the importance of PDs connected to the interfaces. When the output power approximates to the full capacity of the PSE, the PSE first provides power to the PDs connected to the interfaces of the critical priority and then to those connected to the interfaces of the high priority. If multiple PoE interfaces have the same priority, the S5720EI and S5720HI support power to PDs connected to the interfaces in ascending order of interface numbers. Other series of PoE switches provide power to PDs connected to the interfaces in the sequence in which PDs are connected to them.

  • Manual mode: You can manually power on or off PDs connected to interfaces. In manual mode, the PSE provides power to PDs without considering the priority. Powering on or off a PD connected to a single interface will not affect the power supply status. When the output power approximates to the full capacity of the PSE, the PSE cannot provide power to newly connected PDs.

PoE Perpetual Power Supply and Fast Power-On

Perpetual power supply protects the PDs connected to a PoE device from power failures when the PoE device restarts without being powered off using the reboot command or has the software version upgraded.

Fast power-on shortens the power failure time of the PDs when the PoE device restarts due to a power failure. This is because the PoE device continues to supply power to the PDs immediately after being powered on without waiting until it finishes restarting. Only the S5720-28X-PWH-LI-AC, S5720-16X-PWH-LI-AC, S5720I-10X-PWH-SI-AC, S5720I-12X-PWH-SI-DC, S5730SI, S5730S-EI, S5730HI, and S6720SI support PoE fast power-on.

Power Supply Mode of PSEs

As defined in IEEE standards, PSEs are classified into midspan and endpoint PSEs:
  • In midspan PSEs, the PoE module is installed outside of the device.
  • In endpoint PSEs, the PoE module is integrated into the device.

Huawei PSEs are endpoint devices. Endpoint PSEs are more widely used than midspan PSEs and are compatible with 2.5GE Base-T, 1000Base-T, 100Base-TX, and 10Base-T interfaces.

Endpoint PSEs can work in Alternative A (line pair 1/2 and line pair 3/6) and Alternative B (Line pair 4/5 and line pair 7/8) power supply modes according to different copper line pairs.
  • In Alternative A mode, power is transmitted over pairs of lines that transmit data.

    The PSE provides power to the PD over copper line pairs connected to pins 1 and 2 and pins 3 and 6. Pins 1 and 2 use the positive voltage and pins 3 and 6 use the negative voltage.

    10Base-T and 100Base-TX interfaces use copper line pairs connected to pins 1 and 2 and pins 3 and 6 to transmit data, and 1000Base-T interfaces use four line pairs to transmit data.

    DC power and data frequency are independent. Therefore, power and data can be transmitted over a single pair of lines.

  • In Alternative B, power is transmitted over idle pairs of lines.

    The PSE provides power to the PD over copper line pairs connected to pins 4 and 5 and pins 7 and 8. Pins 4 and 5 use the positive voltage and pins 7 and 8 use the negative voltage.

In general, standard PDs must support both modes, whereas PSEs only need to support one mode.S5720-14X-PWH-SI-AC, S5720-16X-PWH-LI-AC, S5720-28X-PWH-LI-AC, S5720I-SI, S5730HI, S5730SI, S5730S-EI, and S6720SI provide PoE++ power supply and support both Alternative A and Alternative B. Other models support only Alternative A.

MultiGE Electrical Interfaces of PoE Devices Supporting the Maximum Transmission Distance of 200 m

The most important indicator in network cable transmission of electrical interfaces is the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). To support a longer transmission distance, you need to reduce the SNR loss of the entire link. There are multiple components and media on the transmission link of electrical interfaces, including PHY chips, PCBs, interface connectors, and network cables on both ends. Based on these components and media, SNR parameters can be optimized to enable MultiGE electrical interfaces of Huawei PoE devices to support a maximum transmission distance of 200 m when they are connected to specific Huawei APs. The optimization methods include:
  • Huawei uses shielded network cables to support a maximum transmission distance of 200 m. This is because the crosstalk between copper cables is serious when unshielded network cables are bundled together, which has the largest impact on the SNR. Shielded network cables can be used to optimize SNR parameters.
  • Huawei tests the anti-interference capability of the PHY chips provided by vendors to ensure that each PHY chip supports a maximum transmission distance of 200 m. Additionally, Huawei enables vendors to customize PHY driver software according to Huawei's requirements to optimize SNR parameters over a long transmission distance.
  • Huawei improves various signal attenuation indicators of connectors used by interfaces that support a maximum transmission distance of 200 m to optimize SNR parameters.
  • Cabling from PHY chips to interface connectors must be well designed to avoid the crosstalk between interfaces. To enable interfaces to provide a maximum transmission distance of 200 m, Huawei poses specific requirements on the cabling.

LLDP Power Capability Negotiation

Devices analyze the current transmitted between a PSE and PDs to classify PDs. The device supports Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) power capability negotiation. IEEE 802.1ab defines the optional Power via MDI Type-Length-Value (TLV). The Power via MDI TLV is encapsulated in LLDP packets, and is used for discovery and advertisement of MDI power capabilities, and network management.

When the PSE detects a PD, the PSE and PD periodically send LLDP packets with the defined TLV to each other. The peer end records the information in LLDP packets for information exchange.

The Power via MDI TLV is composed of a 2-byte packet header and 12-byte TLV information field, as shown in Figure 6-1.

Figure 6-1  TLV packet

The following tables describe fields within TLV packets.

  • MDI Power Support





    Specifies the port type.

    1: PSE-side port.

    0: PD-side port.


    Indicates whether the PSE supports MDI power supply.

    1: indicates that the PSE supports MDI power supply.

    0: indicates that the PSE does not support MDI power supply.


    Specifies the MDI power supply status of the PSE.

    1: enabled.

    0: disabled.


    Indicates whether the PSE can control the line pairs.

    1: indicates that the PSE can control the line pair.

    0: indicates that the PSE cannot control the line pair.




  • PSE Power Pair:
    • 1: Alternative A

      An endpoint PSE uses line pairs connected to pins 1 and 2 and pins 3 and 6 for power supply.

    • 2: Alternative B

      An endpoint PSE uses line pairs connected to pins 4 and 5 and pins 7 and 8 for power supply.

  • Power Class


    Current (Unit: mA)

    Reference Power (Unit: W)



    0 to 4


    The default class is used when no class can be specified for a PD.


    9 to 12


    Very low power.


    17 to 20


    Low power.


    26 to 30 15.4 Medium power.


    36 to 44 For details, see "Maximum output power of an interface" in Default Settings for PoE. High power, which is supported by 802.3at or non-standards.
  • Power Type, Power Source, and Power Priority




    Power Priority

    Specifies the power supply priority of an interface.

    11: indicates the lowest priority.

    10: indicates the secondary highest priority.

    01: indicates the highest priority.


    This field contains four bits. The two left-most bits are reserved for the system.

    Power Source

    Specifies the power supply source.

    • 11: indicates the PSE and local source.
    • 10: needs to be reserved.
    • 01: indicates the PSE.
    • 11: indicates to be reserved.
    • 10: indicates the backup power supply.
    • 01: indicates the primary power supply.

    Power Type

    Specifies the power supply type.

    11: indicates the PD that does not support IEEE 802.3at.

    10: indicates the PSE that does not support IEEE 802.3at.

    01: indicates the PD that supports IEEE 802.3at.

    00: indicates the PSE that supports IEEE 802.3at.

  • Power Value

    It contains PD requested power value and PSE allocated power value. When the PoE power is sufficient, the two values are the same. The value is an integer that ranges from 1 to 255. Exchange power = 0.1 x decimal value of the field. For example, if the value of the field is 255, the exchange power is 25.5 W.

PoE Technical Specifications

PoE technical specifications vary depending on PoE technologies. You can select the required PoE technology to power on PDs according to PD requirements.

Table 6-2  PoE technical specifications

Power Supply Technology




Power supply distance

100 m

100 m

100 m

Power class




Maximum current

350 mA

600 mA

1730 mA

PSE output voltage

44 V DC-57 V DC

50 V DC-57 V DC

50 V DC-57 V DC

PSE output power

≤ 15400 mW

≤ 30000 mW

≤ 60000 mW

PD input voltage

36 V DC-57 V DC

42.5 V DC-57 V DC

42.5 V DC-57 V DC

Maximum PD power

12950 mW

25500 mW

81600 mW

Cable requirements


CAT-5e or better

CAT-5e or better

Power supply cable pairs




  • PoE technology complies with IEEE 802.3af.
  • PoE+ technology complies with IEEE 802.3at.
  • PoE++ technology complies with IEEE 802.3bt.
Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100065674

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