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Configuration Guide - IP Multicast

S7700 and S9700 V200R013C00

This document describes the configurations of IP multicast, including IP multicast basics, IGMP, MLD, IPv4 PIM, IPv6 PIM, MSDP, multicast VPN, layer 3 multicast CAC, IPv4 multicast route management, IPv6 multicast route management, IGMP snooping, MLD snooping, static multicast MAC address, multicast VLAN replication, layer 2 multicast CAC, multicast network management.
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MLD Snooping Proxy

MLD Snooping Proxy

Fundamentals

MLD snooping proxy can be configured on a Layer 2 device, which then s a host for the upstream Layer 3 device and a querier for downstream hosts. This reduces the number of MLD Report and Done messages sent to the upstream Layer 3 device.

In Figure 12-4, when the switch runs MLD snooping, it transparently forwards MLD Query, Report, and Done messages to the upstream router. If numerous hosts exist on the network, redundant MLD messages increase router resource usage.

With MLD snooping proxy configured, the switch terminates MLD Query messages sent from the router and MLD Report/Done messages sent from hosts. Upon receiving these messages, the switch constructs new messages to send them to the router or hosts.

Figure 12-4  MLD snooping proxy network

After MLD snooping proxy is configured on the switch, the router detects only one user, and the switch interacts with both the router and hosts. This conserves network bandwidth by reducing the number of MLD messages exchanged. Additionally, the switch acts as a querier to process protocol messages received from hosts and maintain group memberships. This reduces resource consumption on the router.

Implementation

A device with MLD snooping proxy configured creates and maintains a Layer 2 multicast forwarding table, based on which it sends multicast data to hosts. Table 12-3 describes how this device processes received MLD messages.

Table 12-3  MLD message processing by MLD snooping proxy

MLD Message Type

Processing Method

MLD General Query

The Layer 2 device forwards the message to all ports excluding the port that has received the message. The device constructs an MLD Report message based on the group membership and sends it to all router ports.

Multicast-Address-Specific Query/Multicast Address and Source Specific Query

If the group specified in the message has member ports in the multicast forwarding table, the Layer 2 device responds with an MLD Report message to all router ports.

MLD Report

  • If the multicast group matches no forwarding entry, the Layer 2 device creates a forwarding entry, adds the message receiving port as a dynamic member port to the outbound interface list, starts the aging timer, and sends an MLD Report message to all router ports.
  • If the multicast group matches a forwarding entry and the message receiving port is in the outbound interface list, the device resets the aging timer.
  • If the multicast group matches a forwarding entry, but the port is not in the outbound interface list, the device adds the port as a dynamic router port to the list, and starts the aging timer.

MLD Done

The Layer 2 device sends a Group-Specific Query message to the port that received the MLD Done message. The device sends an MLD Done message to all router ports only after the last member port is deleted from the forwarding entry.

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Updated: 2019-04-08

Document ID: EDOC1100065742

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