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Configuration Guide - IP Multicast

S7700 and S9700 V200R013C00

This document describes the configurations of IP multicast, including IP multicast basics, IGMP, MLD, IPv4 PIM, IPv6 PIM, MSDP, multicast VPN, layer 3 multicast CAC, IPv4 multicast route management, IPv6 multicast route management, IGMP snooping, MLD snooping, static multicast MAC address, multicast VLAN replication, layer 2 multicast CAC, multicast network management.
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Enabling MLD Snooping

Enabling MLD Snooping


Global MLD snooping must be enabled before other MLD snooping configurations can be performed. Enabling MLD snooping in a VLAN is required for other MLD snooping configurations to take effect in the VLAN. If MLD snooping is disabled in a VLAN, other MLD snooping configurations can be performed but do not take effect until MLD snooping is enabled in the VLAN.

By default, MLD snooping is disabled globally.


  1. Run system-view

    The system view is displayed.

  2. Run mld-snooping enable

    MLD snooping is enabled globally.

  3. Run vlan vlan-id

    The VLAN view is displayed.

  4. (Optional) Run l2-multicast forwarding-mode { ip | mac }

    The multicast forwarding mode in the VLAN is set to IP address-based or MAC address-based forwarding.

    By default, the IP address-based forwarding mode is used.

    • Set the multicast forwarding mode before enabling MLD snooping in the VLAN. The specified multicast forwarding mode takes effect only after MLD snooping is enabled.

    • A VLAN cannot be configured as a multicast VLAN after MAC address-based forwarding is configured in the VLAN using this command.

    • If the switch forwards multicast data packets based on MAC addresses, do not use a group address that maps to the same multicast MAC address as a multicast IP address reserved for a protocol. Otherwise, the protocol that uses the multicast IP address cannot run normally. For example, OSPF uses FF02::5 to send protocol packets. This multicast IP address maps to multicast MAC address 33-33-00-00-00-05. If multicast data packets are forwarded based on MAC addresses and use multicast IP address FF13::5 (also mapping to 33-33-00-00-00-05), the OSPF protocol cannot run normally.

    • If the VLANIF interface corresponding to a VLAN is bound to a VPN instance, only the MAC address-based forwarding mode can be used in this VLAN. To use the IP address-based forwarding mode, configure this VLAN as a user VLAN and another VLAN as a multicast VLAN. In this way, multicast flows can be replicated to the user VLAN from the multicast VLAN.

  5. (Optional) Run l2-multicast router-port-discard

    The switch is disabled from forwarding multicast data to router ports in a VLAN.


    Before disabling the switch from forwarding multicast data to router ports in a VLAN, disable MLD snooping in the VLAN. After setting the forwarding mode, enable MLD snooping in the VLAN for the configuration to take effect.

  6. Run mld-snooping enable

    MLD snooping is enabled in the VLAN.

    To enable MLD snooping in multiple VLANs, run mld-snooping enable [ vlan { vlan-id1 [ to vlan-id2 ] } &<1-10> ] command in the system view.

    IGMP snooping cannot be used with N:1 (N > 1) VLAN mapping.

Updated: 2019-04-08

Document ID: EDOC1100065742

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